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authorYing Xue <ying.xue@windriver.com>2012-07-17 15:03:43 +0800
committerBen Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>2014-02-15 19:20:18 +0000
commitb01e0013de67885b61907347ffcdf1e327c4e25e (patch)
parent4553dab7f3e57b70fee61739325b6ff7bb56ac9b (diff)
sched/rt: Avoid updating RT entry timeout twice within one tick period
commit 57d2aa00dcec67afa52478730f2b524521af14fb upstream. The issue below was found in 2.6.34-rt rather than mainline rt kernel, but the issue still exists upstream as well. So please let me describe how it was noticed on 2.6.34-rt: On this version, each softirq has its own thread, it means there is at least one RT FIFO task per cpu. The priority of these tasks is set to 49 by default. If user launches an RT FIFO task with priority lower than 49 of softirq RT tasks, it's possible there are two RT FIFO tasks enqueued one cpu runqueue at one moment. By current strategy of balancing RT tasks, when it comes to RT tasks, we really need to put them off to a CPU that they can run on as soon as possible. Even if it means a bit of cache line flushing, we want RT tasks to be run with the least latency. When the user RT FIFO task which just launched before is running, the sched timer tick of the current cpu happens. In this tick period, the timeout value of the user RT task will be updated once. Subsequently, we try to wake up one softirq RT task on its local cpu. As the priority of current user RT task is lower than the softirq RT task, the current task will be preempted by the higher priority softirq RT task. Before preemption, we check to see if current can readily move to a different cpu. If so, we will reschedule to allow the RT push logic to try to move current somewhere else. Whenever the woken softirq RT task runs, it first tries to migrate the user FIFO RT task over to a cpu that is running a task of lesser priority. If migration is done, it will send a reschedule request to the found cpu by IPI interrupt. Once the target cpu responds the IPI interrupt, it will pick the migrated user RT task to preempt its current task. When the user RT task is running on the new cpu, the sched timer tick of the cpu fires. So it will tick the user RT task again. This also means the RT task timeout value will be updated again. As the migration may be done in one tick period, it means the user RT task timeout value will be updated twice within one tick. If we set a limit on the amount of cpu time for the user RT task by setrlimit(RLIMIT_RTTIME), the SIGXCPU signal should be posted upon reaching the soft limit. But exactly when the SIGXCPU signal should be sent depends on the RT task timeout value. In fact the timeout mechanism of sending the SIGXCPU signal assumes the RT task timeout is increased once every tick. However, currently the timeout value may be added twice per tick. So it results in the SIGXCPU signal being sent earlier than expected. To solve this issue, we prevent the timeout value from increasing twice within one tick time by remembering the jiffies value of last updating the timeout. As long as the RT task's jiffies is different with the global jiffies value, we allow its timeout to be updated. Signed-off-by: Ying Xue <ying.xue@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Fan Du <fan.du@windriver.com> Reviewed-by: Yong Zhang <yong.zhang0@gmail.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1342508623-2887-1-git-send-email-ying.xue@windriver.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> [ lizf: backported to 3.4: adjust context ] Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> [bwh: Backported to 3.2: adjust filename] Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
2 files changed, 6 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 312d047eb918..c17fdfbd323f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1200,6 +1200,7 @@ struct sched_entity {
struct sched_rt_entity {
struct list_head run_list;
unsigned long timeout;
+ unsigned long watchdog_stamp;
unsigned int time_slice;
int nr_cpus_allowed;
diff --git a/kernel/sched_rt.c b/kernel/sched_rt.c
index 2992f93b68cb..f57fda7cbef0 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_rt.c
@@ -1777,7 +1777,11 @@ static void watchdog(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
if (soft != RLIM_INFINITY) {
unsigned long next;
- p->rt.timeout++;
+ if (p->rt.watchdog_stamp != jiffies) {
+ p->rt.timeout++;
+ p->rt.watchdog_stamp = jiffies;
+ }
next = DIV_ROUND_UP(min(soft, hard), USEC_PER_SEC/HZ);
if (p->rt.timeout > next)
p->cputime_expires.sched_exp = p->se.sum_exec_runtime;