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authorHugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>2007-04-13 18:26:13 +0100
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2007-05-01 17:05:55 -0700
commit32576fd4ae53e17af4ca814f7876372a96266b37 (patch)
treeff545054955a2480d232c7f3ab6b7046c3608253
parentac66c863ed2a729015b32dc0b72dc07f4abdfd81 (diff)
holepunch: fix shmem_truncate_range punch locking
Miklos Szeredi observes that during truncation of shmem page directories, info->lock is released to improve latency (after lowering i_size and next_index to exclude races); but this is quite wrong for holepunching, which receives no such protection from i_size or next_index, and is left vulnerable to races with shmem_unuse, shmem_getpage and shmem_writepage. Hold info->lock throughout when holepunching? No, any user could prevent rescheduling for far too long. Instead take info->lock just when needed: in shmem_free_swp when removing the swap entries, and whenever removing a directory page from the level above. But so long as we remove before scanning, we can safely skip taking the lock at the lower levels, except at misaligned start and end of the hole. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
-rw-r--r--mm/shmem.c96
1 files changed, 73 insertions, 23 deletions
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index ae65b1dc9418..265b41617a7d 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -402,26 +402,38 @@ static swp_entry_t *shmem_swp_alloc(struct shmem_inode_info *info, unsigned long
/*
* shmem_free_swp - free some swap entries in a directory
*
- * @dir: pointer to the directory
- * @edir: pointer after last entry of the directory
+ * @dir: pointer to the directory
+ * @edir: pointer after last entry of the directory
+ * @punch_lock: pointer to spinlock when needed for the holepunch case
*/
-static int shmem_free_swp(swp_entry_t *dir, swp_entry_t *edir)
+static int shmem_free_swp(swp_entry_t *dir, swp_entry_t *edir,
+ spinlock_t *punch_lock)
{
+ spinlock_t *punch_unlock = NULL;
swp_entry_t *ptr;
int freed = 0;
for (ptr = dir; ptr < edir; ptr++) {
if (ptr->val) {
+ if (unlikely(punch_lock)) {
+ punch_unlock = punch_lock;
+ punch_lock = NULL;
+ spin_lock(punch_unlock);
+ if (!ptr->val)
+ continue;
+ }
free_swap_and_cache(*ptr);
*ptr = (swp_entry_t){0};
freed++;
}
}
+ if (punch_unlock)
+ spin_unlock(punch_unlock);
return freed;
}
-static int shmem_map_and_free_swp(struct page *subdir,
- int offset, int limit, struct page ***dir)
+static int shmem_map_and_free_swp(struct page *subdir, int offset,
+ int limit, struct page ***dir, spinlock_t *punch_lock)
{
swp_entry_t *ptr;
int freed = 0;
@@ -431,7 +443,8 @@ static int shmem_map_and_free_swp(struct page *subdir,
int size = limit - offset;
if (size > LATENCY_LIMIT)
size = LATENCY_LIMIT;
- freed += shmem_free_swp(ptr+offset, ptr+offset+size);
+ freed += shmem_free_swp(ptr+offset, ptr+offset+size,
+ punch_lock);
if (need_resched()) {
shmem_swp_unmap(ptr);
if (*dir) {
@@ -482,6 +495,8 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
int offset;
int freed;
int punch_hole;
+ spinlock_t *needs_lock;
+ spinlock_t *punch_lock;
unsigned long upper_limit;
inode->i_ctime = inode->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
@@ -495,6 +510,7 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
limit = info->next_index;
upper_limit = SHMEM_MAX_INDEX;
info->next_index = idx;
+ needs_lock = NULL;
punch_hole = 0;
} else {
if (end + 1 >= inode->i_size) { /* we may free a little more */
@@ -505,6 +521,7 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
limit = (end + 1) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
upper_limit = limit;
}
+ needs_lock = &info->lock;
punch_hole = 1;
}
@@ -521,7 +538,7 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
size = limit;
if (size > SHMEM_NR_DIRECT)
size = SHMEM_NR_DIRECT;
- nr_swaps_freed = shmem_free_swp(ptr+idx, ptr+size);
+ nr_swaps_freed = shmem_free_swp(ptr+idx, ptr+size, needs_lock);
}
/*
@@ -531,6 +548,19 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
if (!topdir || limit <= SHMEM_NR_DIRECT)
goto done2;
+ /*
+ * The truncation case has already dropped info->lock, and we're safe
+ * because i_size and next_index have already been lowered, preventing
+ * access beyond. But in the punch_hole case, we still need to take
+ * the lock when updating the swap directory, because there might be
+ * racing accesses by shmem_getpage(SGP_CACHE), shmem_unuse_inode or
+ * shmem_writepage. However, whenever we find we can remove a whole
+ * directory page (not at the misaligned start or end of the range),
+ * we first NULLify its pointer in the level above, and then have no
+ * need to take the lock when updating its contents: needs_lock and
+ * punch_lock (either pointing to info->lock or NULL) manage this.
+ */
+
upper_limit -= SHMEM_NR_DIRECT;
limit -= SHMEM_NR_DIRECT;
idx = (idx > SHMEM_NR_DIRECT)? (idx - SHMEM_NR_DIRECT): 0;
@@ -552,7 +582,13 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
diroff = ((idx - ENTRIES_PER_PAGEPAGE/2) %
ENTRIES_PER_PAGEPAGE) / ENTRIES_PER_PAGE;
if (!diroff && !offset && upper_limit >= stage) {
- *dir = NULL;
+ if (needs_lock) {
+ spin_lock(needs_lock);
+ *dir = NULL;
+ spin_unlock(needs_lock);
+ needs_lock = NULL;
+ } else
+ *dir = NULL;
nr_pages_to_free++;
list_add(&middir->lru, &pages_to_free);
}
@@ -578,8 +614,16 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
}
stage = idx + ENTRIES_PER_PAGEPAGE;
middir = *dir;
+ if (punch_hole)
+ needs_lock = &info->lock;
if (upper_limit >= stage) {
- *dir = NULL;
+ if (needs_lock) {
+ spin_lock(needs_lock);
+ *dir = NULL;
+ spin_unlock(needs_lock);
+ needs_lock = NULL;
+ } else
+ *dir = NULL;
nr_pages_to_free++;
list_add(&middir->lru, &pages_to_free);
}
@@ -588,31 +632,37 @@ static void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end)
dir = shmem_dir_map(middir);
diroff = 0;
}
+ punch_lock = needs_lock;
subdir = dir[diroff];
- if (subdir && page_private(subdir)) {
+ if (subdir && !offset && upper_limit-idx >= ENTRIES_PER_PAGE) {
+ if (needs_lock) {
+ spin_lock(needs_lock);
+ dir[diroff] = NULL;
+ spin_unlock(needs_lock);
+ punch_lock = NULL;
+ } else
+ dir[diroff] = NULL;
+ nr_pages_to_free++;
+ list_add(&subdir->lru, &pages_to_free);
+ }
+ if (subdir && page_private(subdir) /* has swap entries */) {
size = limit - idx;
if (size > ENTRIES_PER_PAGE)
size = ENTRIES_PER_PAGE;
freed = shmem_map_and_free_swp(subdir,
- offset, size, &dir);
+ offset, size, &dir, punch_lock);
if (!dir)
dir = shmem_dir_map(middir);
nr_swaps_freed += freed;
- if (offset)
+ if (offset || punch_lock) {
spin_lock(&info->lock);
- set_page_private(subdir, page_private(subdir) - freed);
- if (offset)
+ set_page_private(subdir,
+ page_private(subdir) - freed);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
- if (!punch_hole)
- BUG_ON(page_private(subdir) > offset);
- }
- if (offset)
- offset = 0;
- else if (subdir && upper_limit - idx >= ENTRIES_PER_PAGE) {
- dir[diroff] = NULL;
- nr_pages_to_free++;
- list_add(&subdir->lru, &pages_to_free);
+ } else
+ BUG_ON(page_private(subdir) != freed);
}
+ offset = 0;
}
done1:
shmem_dir_unmap(dir);