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authorKosuke Tatsukawa <tatsu@ab.jp.nec.com>2015-10-02 08:27:05 +0000
committerSasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>2015-10-31 09:00:00 -0400
commitb008351f30d7d60b34e0469fc07a8f5b1ac098ad (patch)
tree5dcca27695636777cdfd1e764428ce87cb771aa0
parent80e5c4ddd2fcbf99edd31a7c1379b3907cfd4f38 (diff)
tty: fix stall caused by missing memory barrier in drivers/tty/n_tty.c
[ Upstream commit e81107d4c6bd098878af9796b24edc8d4a9524fd ] My colleague ran into a program stall on a x86_64 server, where n_tty_read() was waiting for data even if there was data in the buffer in the pty. kernel stack for the stuck process looks like below. #0 [ffff88303d107b58] __schedule at ffffffff815c4b20 #1 [ffff88303d107bd0] schedule at ffffffff815c513e #2 [ffff88303d107bf0] schedule_timeout at ffffffff815c7818 #3 [ffff88303d107ca0] wait_woken at ffffffff81096bd2 #4 [ffff88303d107ce0] n_tty_read at ffffffff8136fa23 #5 [ffff88303d107dd0] tty_read at ffffffff81368013 #6 [ffff88303d107e20] __vfs_read at ffffffff811a3704 #7 [ffff88303d107ec0] vfs_read at ffffffff811a3a57 #8 [ffff88303d107f00] sys_read at ffffffff811a4306 #9 [ffff88303d107f50] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath at ffffffff815c86d7 There seems to be two problems causing this issue. First, in drivers/tty/n_tty.c, __receive_buf() stores the data and updates ldata->commit_head using smp_store_release() and then checks the wait queue using waitqueue_active(). However, since there is no memory barrier, __receive_buf() could return without calling wake_up_interactive_poll(), and at the same time, n_tty_read() could start to wait in wait_woken() as in the following chart. __receive_buf() n_tty_read() ------------------------------------------------------------------------ if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait)) /* Memory operations issued after the RELEASE may be completed before the RELEASE operation has completed */ add_wait_queue(&tty->read_wait, &wait); ... if (!input_available_p(tty, 0)) { smp_store_release(&ldata->commit_head, ldata->read_head); ... timeout = wait_woken(&wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, timeout); ------------------------------------------------------------------------ The second problem is that n_tty_read() also lacks a memory barrier call and could also cause __receive_buf() to return without calling wake_up_interactive_poll(), and n_tty_read() to wait in wait_woken() as in the chart below. __receive_buf() n_tty_read() ------------------------------------------------------------------------ spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags); /* from add_wait_queue() */ ... if (!input_available_p(tty, 0)) { /* Memory operations issued after the RELEASE may be completed before the RELEASE operation has completed */ smp_store_release(&ldata->commit_head, ldata->read_head); if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait)) __add_wait_queue(q, wait); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock,flags); /* from add_wait_queue() */ ... timeout = wait_woken(&wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, timeout); ------------------------------------------------------------------------ There are also other places in drivers/tty/n_tty.c which have similar calls to waitqueue_active(), so instead of adding many memory barrier calls, this patch simply removes the call to waitqueue_active(), leaving just wake_up*() behind. This fixes both problems because, even though the memory access before or after the spinlocks in both wake_up*() and add_wait_queue() can sneak into the critical section, it cannot go past it and the critical section assures that they will be serialized (please see "INTER-CPU ACQUIRING BARRIER EFFECTS" in Documentation/memory-barriers.txt for a better explanation). Moreover, the resulting code is much simpler. Latency measurement using a ping-pong test over a pty doesn't show any visible performance drop. Signed-off-by: Kosuke Tatsukawa <tatsu@ab.jp.nec.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com>
-rw-r--r--drivers/tty/n_tty.c15
1 files changed, 5 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
index e3ebb674a693..04e7d8e38c53 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/n_tty.c
@@ -364,8 +364,7 @@ static void n_tty_packet_mode_flush(struct tty_struct *tty)
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
if (tty->link->packet) {
tty->ctrl_status |= TIOCPKT_FLUSHREAD;
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->link->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->link->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->link->read_wait);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty->ctrl_lock, flags);
}
@@ -1387,8 +1386,7 @@ handle_newline:
put_tty_queue(c, ldata);
ldata->canon_head = ldata->read_head;
kill_fasync(&tty->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
+ wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
return 0;
}
}
@@ -1671,8 +1669,7 @@ static void __receive_buf(struct tty_struct *tty, const unsigned char *cp,
if ((!ldata->icanon && (read_cnt(ldata) >= ldata->minimum_to_wake)) ||
L_EXTPROC(tty)) {
kill_fasync(&tty->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
+ wake_up_interruptible_poll(&tty->read_wait, POLLIN);
}
}
@@ -1891,10 +1888,8 @@ static void n_tty_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios *old)
}
/* The termios change make the tty ready for I/O */
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->write_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->write_wait);
- if (waitqueue_active(&tty->read_wait))
- wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->write_wait);
+ wake_up_interruptible(&tty->read_wait);
}
/**