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authorAl Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>2008-11-15 01:15:43 +0000
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-11-15 12:26:44 -0800
commit8f7b0ba1c853919b85b54774775f567f30006107 (patch)
tree1acd2b7ed5ed0de3eecfff9da5da4e779731f8a8
parent0d3b71009737511ea937ac405205fd8214b898bb (diff)
Fix inotify watch removal/umount races
Inotify watch removals suck violently. To kick the watch out we need (in this order) inode->inotify_mutex and ih->mutex. That's fine if we have a hold on inode; however, for all other cases we need to make damn sure we don't race with umount. We can *NOT* just grab a reference to a watch - inotify_unmount_inodes() will happily sail past it and we'll end with reference to inode potentially outliving its superblock. Ideally we just want to grab an active reference to superblock if we can; that will make sure we won't go into inotify_umount_inodes() until we are done. Cleanup is just deactivate_super(). However, that leaves a messy case - what if we *are* racing with umount() and active references to superblock can't be acquired anymore? We can bump ->s_count, grab ->s_umount, which will almost certainly wait until the superblock is shut down and the watch in question is pining for fjords. That's fine, but there is a problem - we might have hit the window between ->s_active getting to 0 / ->s_count - below S_BIAS (i.e. the moment when superblock is past the point of no return and is heading for shutdown) and the moment when deactivate_super() acquires ->s_umount. We could just do drop_super() yield() and retry, but that's rather antisocial and this stuff is luser-triggerable. OTOH, having grabbed ->s_umount and having found that we'd got there first (i.e. that ->s_root is non-NULL) we know that we won't race with inotify_umount_inodes(). So we could grab a reference to watch and do the rest as above, just with drop_super() instead of deactivate_super(), right? Wrong. We had to drop ih->mutex before we could grab ->s_umount. So the watch could've been gone already. That still can be dealt with - we need to save watch->wd, do idr_find() and compare its result with our pointer. If they match, we either have the damn thing still alive or we'd lost not one but two races at once, the watch had been killed and a new one got created with the same ->wd at the same address. That couldn't have happened in inotify_destroy(), but inotify_rm_wd() could run into that. Still, "new one got created" is not a problem - we have every right to kill it or leave it alone, whatever's more convenient. So we can use idr_find(...) == watch && watch->inode->i_sb == sb as "grab it and kill it" check. If it's been our original watch, we are fine, if it's a newcomer - nevermind, just pretend that we'd won the race and kill the fscker anyway; we are safe since we know that its superblock won't be going away. And yes, this is far beyond mere "not very pretty"; so's the entire concept of inotify to start with. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--fs/inotify.c150
-rw-r--r--include/linux/inotify.h11
-rw-r--r--kernel/audit_tree.c91
-rw-r--r--kernel/auditfilter.c14
4 files changed, 218 insertions, 48 deletions
diff --git a/fs/inotify.c b/fs/inotify.c
index 690e72595e6e..7bbed1b89825 100644
--- a/fs/inotify.c
+++ b/fs/inotify.c
@@ -106,6 +106,20 @@ void get_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_inotify_watch);
+int pin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ spin_lock(&sb_lock);
+ if (sb->s_count >= S_BIAS) {
+ atomic_inc(&sb->s_active);
+ spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
+ atomic_inc(&watch->count);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
* put_inotify_watch - decrements the ref count on a given watch. cleans up
* watch references if the count reaches zero. inotify_watch is freed by
@@ -124,6 +138,13 @@ void put_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_inotify_watch);
+void unpin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ put_inotify_watch(watch);
+ deactivate_super(sb);
+}
+
/*
* inotify_handle_get_wd - returns the next WD for use by the given handle
*
@@ -479,6 +500,112 @@ void inotify_init_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(inotify_init_watch);
+/*
+ * Watch removals suck violently. To kick the watch out we need (in this
+ * order) inode->inotify_mutex and ih->mutex. That's fine if we have
+ * a hold on inode; however, for all other cases we need to make damn sure
+ * we don't race with umount. We can *NOT* just grab a reference to a
+ * watch - inotify_unmount_inodes() will happily sail past it and we'll end
+ * with reference to inode potentially outliving its superblock. Ideally
+ * we just want to grab an active reference to superblock if we can; that
+ * will make sure we won't go into inotify_umount_inodes() until we are
+ * done. Cleanup is just deactivate_super(). However, that leaves a messy
+ * case - what if we *are* racing with umount() and active references to
+ * superblock can't be acquired anymore? We can bump ->s_count, grab
+ * ->s_umount, which will almost certainly wait until the superblock is shut
+ * down and the watch in question is pining for fjords. That's fine, but
+ * there is a problem - we might have hit the window between ->s_active
+ * getting to 0 / ->s_count - below S_BIAS (i.e. the moment when superblock
+ * is past the point of no return and is heading for shutdown) and the
+ * moment when deactivate_super() acquires ->s_umount. We could just do
+ * drop_super() yield() and retry, but that's rather antisocial and this
+ * stuff is luser-triggerable. OTOH, having grabbed ->s_umount and having
+ * found that we'd got there first (i.e. that ->s_root is non-NULL) we know
+ * that we won't race with inotify_umount_inodes(). So we could grab a
+ * reference to watch and do the rest as above, just with drop_super() instead
+ * of deactivate_super(), right? Wrong. We had to drop ih->mutex before we
+ * could grab ->s_umount. So the watch could've been gone already.
+ *
+ * That still can be dealt with - we need to save watch->wd, do idr_find()
+ * and compare its result with our pointer. If they match, we either have
+ * the damn thing still alive or we'd lost not one but two races at once,
+ * the watch had been killed and a new one got created with the same ->wd
+ * at the same address. That couldn't have happened in inotify_destroy(),
+ * but inotify_rm_wd() could run into that. Still, "new one got created"
+ * is not a problem - we have every right to kill it or leave it alone,
+ * whatever's more convenient.
+ *
+ * So we can use idr_find(...) == watch && watch->inode->i_sb == sb as
+ * "grab it and kill it" check. If it's been our original watch, we are
+ * fine, if it's a newcomer - nevermind, just pretend that we'd won the
+ * race and kill the fscker anyway; we are safe since we know that its
+ * superblock won't be going away.
+ *
+ * And yes, this is far beyond mere "not very pretty"; so's the entire
+ * concept of inotify to start with.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * pin_to_kill - pin the watch down for removal
+ * @ih: inotify handle
+ * @watch: watch to kill
+ *
+ * Called with ih->mutex held, drops it. Possible return values:
+ * 0 - nothing to do, it has died
+ * 1 - remove it, drop the reference and deactivate_super()
+ * 2 - remove it, drop the reference and drop_super(); we tried hard to avoid
+ * that variant, since it involved a lot of PITA, but that's the best that
+ * could've been done.
+ */
+static int pin_to_kill(struct inotify_handle *ih, struct inotify_watch *watch)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ s32 wd = watch->wd;
+
+ spin_lock(&sb_lock);
+ if (sb->s_count >= S_BIAS) {
+ atomic_inc(&sb->s_active);
+ spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
+ get_inotify_watch(watch);
+ mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
+ return 1; /* the best outcome */
+ }
+ sb->s_count++;
+ spin_unlock(&sb_lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex); /* can't grab ->s_umount under it */
+ down_read(&sb->s_umount);
+ if (likely(!sb->s_root)) {
+ /* fs is already shut down; the watch is dead */
+ drop_super(sb);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ /* raced with the final deactivate_super() */
+ mutex_lock(&ih->mutex);
+ if (idr_find(&ih->idr, wd) != watch || watch->inode->i_sb != sb) {
+ /* the watch is dead */
+ mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
+ drop_super(sb);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ /* still alive or freed and reused with the same sb and wd; kill */
+ get_inotify_watch(watch);
+ mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
+ return 2;
+}
+
+static void unpin_and_kill(struct inotify_watch *watch, int how)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ put_inotify_watch(watch);
+ switch (how) {
+ case 1:
+ deactivate_super(sb);
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ drop_super(sb);
+ }
+}
+
/**
* inotify_destroy - clean up and destroy an inotify instance
* @ih: inotify handle
@@ -490,11 +617,15 @@ void inotify_destroy(struct inotify_handle *ih)
* pretty. We cannot do a simple iteration over the list, because we
* do not know the inode until we iterate to the watch. But we need to
* hold inode->inotify_mutex before ih->mutex. The following works.
+ *
+ * AV: it had to become even uglier to start working ;-/
*/
while (1) {
struct inotify_watch *watch;
struct list_head *watches;
+ struct super_block *sb;
struct inode *inode;
+ int how;
mutex_lock(&ih->mutex);
watches = &ih->watches;
@@ -503,8 +634,10 @@ void inotify_destroy(struct inotify_handle *ih)
break;
}
watch = list_first_entry(watches, struct inotify_watch, h_list);
- get_inotify_watch(watch);
- mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
+ sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ how = pin_to_kill(ih, watch);
+ if (!how)
+ continue;
inode = watch->inode;
mutex_lock(&inode->inotify_mutex);
@@ -518,7 +651,7 @@ void inotify_destroy(struct inotify_handle *ih)
mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
mutex_unlock(&inode->inotify_mutex);
- put_inotify_watch(watch);
+ unpin_and_kill(watch, how);
}
/* free this handle: the put matching the get in inotify_init() */
@@ -719,7 +852,9 @@ void inotify_evict_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
int inotify_rm_wd(struct inotify_handle *ih, u32 wd)
{
struct inotify_watch *watch;
+ struct super_block *sb;
struct inode *inode;
+ int how;
mutex_lock(&ih->mutex);
watch = idr_find(&ih->idr, wd);
@@ -727,9 +862,12 @@ int inotify_rm_wd(struct inotify_handle *ih, u32 wd)
mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
return -EINVAL;
}
- get_inotify_watch(watch);
+ sb = watch->inode->i_sb;
+ how = pin_to_kill(ih, watch);
+ if (!how)
+ return 0;
+
inode = watch->inode;
- mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
mutex_lock(&inode->inotify_mutex);
mutex_lock(&ih->mutex);
@@ -740,7 +878,7 @@ int inotify_rm_wd(struct inotify_handle *ih, u32 wd)
mutex_unlock(&ih->mutex);
mutex_unlock(&inode->inotify_mutex);
- put_inotify_watch(watch);
+ unpin_and_kill(watch, how);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/inotify.h b/include/linux/inotify.h
index bd578578a8b9..37ea2894b3c0 100644
--- a/include/linux/inotify.h
+++ b/include/linux/inotify.h
@@ -134,6 +134,8 @@ extern void inotify_remove_watch_locked(struct inotify_handle *,
struct inotify_watch *);
extern void get_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *);
extern void put_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *);
+extern int pin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *);
+extern void unpin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *);
#else
@@ -228,6 +230,15 @@ static inline void put_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
{
}
+extern inline int pin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+extern inline void unpin_inotify_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
+{
+}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_INOTIFY */
#endif /* __KERNEL __ */
diff --git a/kernel/audit_tree.c b/kernel/audit_tree.c
index 8ba0e0d934f2..8b509441f49a 100644
--- a/kernel/audit_tree.c
+++ b/kernel/audit_tree.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ struct audit_chunk {
struct list_head trees; /* with root here */
int dead;
int count;
+ atomic_long_t refs;
struct rcu_head head;
struct node {
struct list_head list;
@@ -56,7 +57,8 @@ static LIST_HEAD(prune_list);
* tree is refcounted; one reference for "some rules on rules_list refer to
* it", one for each chunk with pointer to it.
*
- * chunk is refcounted by embedded inotify_watch.
+ * chunk is refcounted by embedded inotify_watch + .refs (non-zero refcount
+ * of watch contributes 1 to .refs).
*
* node.index allows to get from node.list to containing chunk.
* MSB of that sucker is stolen to mark taggings that we might have to
@@ -121,6 +123,7 @@ static struct audit_chunk *alloc_chunk(int count)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->hash);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->trees);
chunk->count = count;
+ atomic_long_set(&chunk->refs, 1);
for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chunk->owners[i].list);
chunk->owners[i].index = i;
@@ -129,9 +132,8 @@ static struct audit_chunk *alloc_chunk(int count)
return chunk;
}
-static void __free_chunk(struct rcu_head *rcu)
+static void free_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk)
{
- struct audit_chunk *chunk = container_of(rcu, struct audit_chunk, head);
int i;
for (i = 0; i < chunk->count; i++) {
@@ -141,14 +143,16 @@ static void __free_chunk(struct rcu_head *rcu)
kfree(chunk);
}
-static inline void free_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk)
+void audit_put_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk)
{
- call_rcu(&chunk->head, __free_chunk);
+ if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&chunk->refs))
+ free_chunk(chunk);
}
-void audit_put_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk)
+static void __put_chunk(struct rcu_head *rcu)
{
- put_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
+ struct audit_chunk *chunk = container_of(rcu, struct audit_chunk, head);
+ audit_put_chunk(chunk);
}
enum {HASH_SIZE = 128};
@@ -176,7 +180,7 @@ struct audit_chunk *audit_tree_lookup(const struct inode *inode)
list_for_each_entry_rcu(p, list, hash) {
if (p->watch.inode == inode) {
- get_inotify_watch(&p->watch);
+ atomic_long_inc(&p->refs);
return p;
}
}
@@ -194,17 +198,49 @@ int audit_tree_match(struct audit_chunk *chunk, struct audit_tree *tree)
/* tagging and untagging inodes with trees */
-static void untag_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk, struct node *p)
+static struct audit_chunk *find_chunk(struct node *p)
+{
+ int index = p->index & ~(1U<<31);
+ p -= index;
+ return container_of(p, struct audit_chunk, owners[0]);
+}
+
+static void untag_chunk(struct node *p)
{
+ struct audit_chunk *chunk = find_chunk(p);
struct audit_chunk *new;
struct audit_tree *owner;
int size = chunk->count - 1;
int i, j;
+ if (!pin_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch)) {
+ /*
+ * Filesystem is shutting down; all watches are getting
+ * evicted, just take it off the node list for this
+ * tree and let the eviction logics take care of the
+ * rest.
+ */
+ owner = p->owner;
+ if (owner->root == chunk) {
+ list_del_init(&owner->same_root);
+ owner->root = NULL;
+ }
+ list_del_init(&p->list);
+ p->owner = NULL;
+ put_tree(owner);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&hash_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * pin_inotify_watch() succeeded, so the watch won't go away
+ * from under us.
+ */
mutex_lock(&chunk->watch.inode->inotify_mutex);
if (chunk->dead) {
mutex_unlock(&chunk->watch.inode->inotify_mutex);
- return;
+ goto out;
}
owner = p->owner;
@@ -221,7 +257,7 @@ static void untag_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk, struct node *p)
inotify_evict_watch(&chunk->watch);
mutex_unlock(&chunk->watch.inode->inotify_mutex);
put_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- return;
+ goto out;
}
new = alloc_chunk(size);
@@ -263,7 +299,7 @@ static void untag_chunk(struct audit_chunk *chunk, struct node *p)
inotify_evict_watch(&chunk->watch);
mutex_unlock(&chunk->watch.inode->inotify_mutex);
put_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- return;
+ goto out;
Fallback:
// do the best we can
@@ -277,6 +313,9 @@ Fallback:
put_tree(owner);
spin_unlock(&hash_lock);
mutex_unlock(&chunk->watch.inode->inotify_mutex);
+out:
+ unpin_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
+ spin_lock(&hash_lock);
}
static int create_chunk(struct inode *inode, struct audit_tree *tree)
@@ -387,13 +426,6 @@ static int tag_chunk(struct inode *inode, struct audit_tree *tree)
return 0;
}
-static struct audit_chunk *find_chunk(struct node *p)
-{
- int index = p->index & ~(1U<<31);
- p -= index;
- return container_of(p, struct audit_chunk, owners[0]);
-}
-
static void kill_rules(struct audit_tree *tree)
{
struct audit_krule *rule, *next;
@@ -431,17 +463,10 @@ static void prune_one(struct audit_tree *victim)
spin_lock(&hash_lock);
while (!list_empty(&victim->chunks)) {
struct node *p;
- struct audit_chunk *chunk;
p = list_entry(victim->chunks.next, struct node, list);
- chunk = find_chunk(p);
- get_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- spin_unlock(&hash_lock);
-
- untag_chunk(chunk, p);
- put_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- spin_lock(&hash_lock);
+ untag_chunk(p);
}
spin_unlock(&hash_lock);
put_tree(victim);
@@ -469,7 +494,6 @@ static void trim_marked(struct audit_tree *tree)
while (!list_empty(&tree->chunks)) {
struct node *node;
- struct audit_chunk *chunk;
node = list_entry(tree->chunks.next, struct node, list);
@@ -477,14 +501,7 @@ static void trim_marked(struct audit_tree *tree)
if (!(node->index & (1U<<31)))
break;
- chunk = find_chunk(node);
- get_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- spin_unlock(&hash_lock);
-
- untag_chunk(chunk, node);
-
- put_inotify_watch(&chunk->watch);
- spin_lock(&hash_lock);
+ untag_chunk(node);
}
if (!tree->root && !tree->goner) {
tree->goner = 1;
@@ -878,7 +895,7 @@ static void handle_event(struct inotify_watch *watch, u32 wd, u32 mask,
static void destroy_watch(struct inotify_watch *watch)
{
struct audit_chunk *chunk = container_of(watch, struct audit_chunk, watch);
- free_chunk(chunk);
+ call_rcu(&chunk->head, __put_chunk);
}
static const struct inotify_operations rtree_inotify_ops = {
diff --git a/kernel/auditfilter.c b/kernel/auditfilter.c
index b7d354e2b0ef..9fd85a4640a0 100644
--- a/kernel/auditfilter.c
+++ b/kernel/auditfilter.c
@@ -1094,8 +1094,8 @@ static void audit_inotify_unregister(struct list_head *in_list)
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, in_list, ilist) {
list_del(&p->ilist);
inotify_rm_watch(audit_ih, &p->wdata);
- /* the put matching the get in audit_do_del_rule() */
- put_inotify_watch(&p->wdata);
+ /* the unpin matching the pin in audit_do_del_rule() */
+ unpin_inotify_watch(&p->wdata);
}
}
@@ -1389,9 +1389,13 @@ static inline int audit_del_rule(struct audit_entry *entry,
/* Put parent on the inotify un-registration
* list. Grab a reference before releasing
* audit_filter_mutex, to be released in
- * audit_inotify_unregister(). */
- list_add(&parent->ilist, &inotify_list);
- get_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata);
+ * audit_inotify_unregister().
+ * If filesystem is going away, just leave
+ * the sucker alone, eviction will take
+ * care of it.
+ */
+ if (pin_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata))
+ list_add(&parent->ilist, &inotify_list);
}
}
}