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authorjohn stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>2008-12-01 18:34:41 -0800
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2009-10-12 11:33:23 -0700
commit3ce4d0a0f7184d5fe17747841f628adac60ed262 (patch)
parentd15ab7d95452998ef87158a6202a8351d52fdd51 (diff)
time: catch xtime_nsec underflows and fix them
commit 6c9bacb41c10ba84ff68f238e234d96f35fb64f7 upstream. Impact: fix time warp bug Alex Shi, along with Yanmin Zhang have been noticing occasional time inconsistencies recently. Through their great diagnosis, they found that the xtime_nsec value used in update_wall_time was occasionally going negative. After looking through the code for awhile, I realized we have the possibility for an underflow when three conditions are met in update_wall_time(): 1) We have accumulated a second's worth of nanoseconds, so we incremented xtime.tv_sec and appropriately decrement xtime_nsec. (This doesn't cause xtime_nsec to go negative, but it can cause it to be small). 2) The remaining offset value is large, but just slightly less then cycle_interval. 3) clocksource_adjust() is speeding up the clock, causing a corrective amount (compensating for the increase in the multiplier being multiplied against the unaccumulated offset value) to be subtracted from xtime_nsec. This can cause xtime_nsec to underflow. Unfortunately, since we notify the NTP subsystem via second_overflow() whenever we accumulate a full second, and this effects the error accumulation that has already occured, we cannot simply revert the accumulated second from xtime nor move the second accumulation to after the clocksource_adjust call without a change in behavior. This leaves us with (at least) two options: 1) Simply return from clocksource_adjust() without making a change if we notice the adjustment would cause xtime_nsec to go negative. This would work, but I'm concerned that if a large adjustment was needed (due to the error being large), it may be possible to get stuck with an ever increasing error that becomes too large to correct (since it may always force xtime_nsec negative). This may just be paranoia on my part. 2) Catch xtime_nsec if it is negative, then add back the amount its negative to both xtime_nsec and the error. This second method is consistent with how we've handled earlier rounding issues, and also has the benefit that the error being added is always in the oposite direction also always equal or smaller then the correction being applied. So the risk of a corner case where things get out of control is lessened. This patch fixes bug 11970, as tested by Yanmin Zhang http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11970 Reported-by: alex.shi@intel.com Signed-off-by: John Stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Yanmin Zhang <yanmin_zhang@linux.intel.com> Tested-by: Yanmin Zhang <yanmin_zhang@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
1 files changed, 22 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
index 521960ba97be..6e22c16c98bd 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
@@ -477,6 +477,28 @@ void update_wall_time(void)
/* correct the clock when NTP error is too big */
+ /*
+ * Since in the loop above, we accumulate any amount of time
+ * in xtime_nsec over a second into xtime.tv_sec, its possible for
+ * xtime_nsec to be fairly small after the loop. Further, if we're
+ * slightly speeding the clocksource up in clocksource_adjust(),
+ * its possible the required corrective factor to xtime_nsec could
+ * cause it to underflow.
+ *
+ * Now, we cannot simply roll the accumulated second back, since
+ * the NTP subsystem has been notified via second_overflow. So
+ * instead we push xtime_nsec forward by the amount we underflowed,
+ * and add that amount into the error.
+ *
+ * We'll correct this error next time through this function, when
+ * xtime_nsec is not as small.
+ */
+ if (unlikely((s64)clock->xtime_nsec < 0)) {
+ s64 neg = -(s64)clock->xtime_nsec;
+ clock->xtime_nsec = 0;
+ clock->error += neg << (NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - clock->shift);
+ }
/* store full nanoseconds into xtime */
xtime.tv_nsec = (s64)clock->xtime_nsec >> clock->shift;
clock->xtime_nsec -= (s64)xtime.tv_nsec << clock->shift;