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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-12-23 13:47:22 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-12-23 13:47:22 -0800
commitd1f854ac240ea3928a99294390048e9b2aa6fa0e (patch)
treea420d33f53bd326eecab42e10f16685cf78ac985
parentcaf9a82657b313106aae8f4a35936c116a152299 (diff)
parent24e3a7fb60a9187e5df90e5fa655ffc94b9c4f77 (diff)
Merge branch 'libnvdimm-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm
Pull libnvdimm fixes from Dan Williams: "These fixes are all tagged for -stable and have received a build success notification from the kbuild robot. - NVDIMM namespaces, configured to enforce 1GB alignment, fail to initialize on platforms that mis-align the start or end of the physical address range. - The Linux implementation of the BTT (Block Translation Table) is incompatible with the UEFI 2.7 definition of the BTT format. The BTT layers a software atomic sector semantic on top of an NVDIMM namespace. Linux needs to be compatible with the UEFI definition to enable boot support or any pre-OS access of data on a BTT enabled namespace. - A fix for ACPI SMART notification events, this allows a userspace monitor to register for health events rather than poll. This has been broken since it was initially merged as the unit test inadvertently worked around the problem. The urgency for fixing this during the -rc series is driven by how expensive it is to poll for this data (System Management Mode entry)" * 'libnvdimm-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: libnvdimm, btt: Fix an incompatibility in the log layout libnvdimm, btt: add a couple of missing kernel-doc lines libnvdimm, dax: fix 1GB-aligned namespaces vs physical misalignment libnvdimm, pfn: fix start_pad handling for aligned namespaces acpi, nfit: fix health event notification
-rw-r--r--drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c9
-rw-r--r--drivers/nvdimm/btt.c201
-rw-r--r--drivers/nvdimm/btt.h47
-rw-r--r--drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c20
4 files changed, 236 insertions, 41 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c b/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
index ff2580e7611d..abeb4df4f22e 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/nfit/core.c
@@ -1670,6 +1670,11 @@ static int acpi_nfit_add_dimm(struct acpi_nfit_desc *acpi_desc,
dev_name(&adev_dimm->dev));
return -ENXIO;
}
+ /*
+ * Record nfit_mem for the notification path to track back to
+ * the nfit sysfs attributes for this dimm device object.
+ */
+ dev_set_drvdata(&adev_dimm->dev, nfit_mem);
/*
* Until standardization materializes we need to consider 4
@@ -1752,9 +1757,11 @@ static void shutdown_dimm_notify(void *data)
sysfs_put(nfit_mem->flags_attr);
nfit_mem->flags_attr = NULL;
}
- if (adev_dimm)
+ if (adev_dimm) {
acpi_remove_notify_handler(adev_dimm->handle,
ACPI_DEVICE_NOTIFY, acpi_nvdimm_notify);
+ dev_set_drvdata(&adev_dimm->dev, NULL);
+ }
}
mutex_unlock(&acpi_desc->init_mutex);
}
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/btt.c b/drivers/nvdimm/btt.c
index e949e3302af4..c586bcdb5190 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/btt.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/btt.c
@@ -211,12 +211,12 @@ static int btt_map_read(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lba, u32 *mapping,
return ret;
}
-static int btt_log_read_pair(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lane,
- struct log_entry *ent)
+static int btt_log_group_read(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lane,
+ struct log_group *log)
{
return arena_read_bytes(arena,
- arena->logoff + (2 * lane * LOG_ENT_SIZE), ent,
- 2 * LOG_ENT_SIZE, 0);
+ arena->logoff + (lane * LOG_GRP_SIZE), log,
+ LOG_GRP_SIZE, 0);
}
static struct dentry *debugfs_root;
@@ -256,6 +256,8 @@ static void arena_debugfs_init(struct arena_info *a, struct dentry *parent,
debugfs_create_x64("logoff", S_IRUGO, d, &a->logoff);
debugfs_create_x64("info2off", S_IRUGO, d, &a->info2off);
debugfs_create_x32("flags", S_IRUGO, d, &a->flags);
+ debugfs_create_u32("log_index_0", S_IRUGO, d, &a->log_index[0]);
+ debugfs_create_u32("log_index_1", S_IRUGO, d, &a->log_index[1]);
}
static void btt_debugfs_init(struct btt *btt)
@@ -274,6 +276,11 @@ static void btt_debugfs_init(struct btt *btt)
}
}
+static u32 log_seq(struct log_group *log, int log_idx)
+{
+ return le32_to_cpu(log->ent[log_idx].seq);
+}
+
/*
* This function accepts two log entries, and uses the
* sequence number to find the 'older' entry.
@@ -283,8 +290,10 @@ static void btt_debugfs_init(struct btt *btt)
*
* TODO The logic feels a bit kludge-y. make it better..
*/
-static int btt_log_get_old(struct log_entry *ent)
+static int btt_log_get_old(struct arena_info *a, struct log_group *log)
{
+ int idx0 = a->log_index[0];
+ int idx1 = a->log_index[1];
int old;
/*
@@ -292,23 +301,23 @@ static int btt_log_get_old(struct log_entry *ent)
* the next time, the following logic works out to put this
* (next) entry into [1]
*/
- if (ent[0].seq == 0) {
- ent[0].seq = cpu_to_le32(1);
+ if (log_seq(log, idx0) == 0) {
+ log->ent[idx0].seq = cpu_to_le32(1);
return 0;
}
- if (ent[0].seq == ent[1].seq)
+ if (log_seq(log, idx0) == log_seq(log, idx1))
return -EINVAL;
- if (le32_to_cpu(ent[0].seq) + le32_to_cpu(ent[1].seq) > 5)
+ if (log_seq(log, idx0) + log_seq(log, idx1) > 5)
return -EINVAL;
- if (le32_to_cpu(ent[0].seq) < le32_to_cpu(ent[1].seq)) {
- if (le32_to_cpu(ent[1].seq) - le32_to_cpu(ent[0].seq) == 1)
+ if (log_seq(log, idx0) < log_seq(log, idx1)) {
+ if ((log_seq(log, idx1) - log_seq(log, idx0)) == 1)
old = 0;
else
old = 1;
} else {
- if (le32_to_cpu(ent[0].seq) - le32_to_cpu(ent[1].seq) == 1)
+ if ((log_seq(log, idx0) - log_seq(log, idx1)) == 1)
old = 1;
else
old = 0;
@@ -328,17 +337,18 @@ static int btt_log_read(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lane,
{
int ret;
int old_ent, ret_ent;
- struct log_entry log[2];
+ struct log_group log;
- ret = btt_log_read_pair(arena, lane, log);
+ ret = btt_log_group_read(arena, lane, &log);
if (ret)
return -EIO;
- old_ent = btt_log_get_old(log);
+ old_ent = btt_log_get_old(arena, &log);
if (old_ent < 0 || old_ent > 1) {
dev_err(to_dev(arena),
"log corruption (%d): lane %d seq [%d, %d]\n",
- old_ent, lane, log[0].seq, log[1].seq);
+ old_ent, lane, log.ent[arena->log_index[0]].seq,
+ log.ent[arena->log_index[1]].seq);
/* TODO set error state? */
return -EIO;
}
@@ -346,7 +356,7 @@ static int btt_log_read(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lane,
ret_ent = (old_flag ? old_ent : (1 - old_ent));
if (ent != NULL)
- memcpy(ent, &log[ret_ent], LOG_ENT_SIZE);
+ memcpy(ent, &log.ent[arena->log_index[ret_ent]], LOG_ENT_SIZE);
return ret_ent;
}
@@ -360,17 +370,13 @@ static int __btt_log_write(struct arena_info *arena, u32 lane,
u32 sub, struct log_entry *ent, unsigned long flags)
{
int ret;
- /*
- * Ignore the padding in log_entry for calculating log_half.
- * The entry is 'committed' when we write the sequence number,
- * and we want to ensure that that is the last thing written.
- * We don't bother writing the padding as that would be extra
- * media wear and write amplification
- */
- unsigned int log_half = (LOG_ENT_SIZE - 2 * sizeof(u64)) / 2;
- u64 ns_off = arena->logoff + (((2 * lane) + sub) * LOG_ENT_SIZE);
+ u32 group_slot = arena->log_index[sub];
+ unsigned int log_half = LOG_ENT_SIZE / 2;
void *src = ent;
+ u64 ns_off;
+ ns_off = arena->logoff + (lane * LOG_GRP_SIZE) +
+ (group_slot * LOG_ENT_SIZE);
/* split the 16B write into atomic, durable halves */
ret = arena_write_bytes(arena, ns_off, src, log_half, flags);
if (ret)
@@ -453,7 +459,7 @@ static int btt_log_init(struct arena_info *arena)
{
size_t logsize = arena->info2off - arena->logoff;
size_t chunk_size = SZ_4K, offset = 0;
- struct log_entry log;
+ struct log_entry ent;
void *zerobuf;
int ret;
u32 i;
@@ -485,11 +491,11 @@ static int btt_log_init(struct arena_info *arena)
}
for (i = 0; i < arena->nfree; i++) {
- log.lba = cpu_to_le32(i);
- log.old_map = cpu_to_le32(arena->external_nlba + i);
- log.new_map = cpu_to_le32(arena->external_nlba + i);
- log.seq = cpu_to_le32(LOG_SEQ_INIT);
- ret = __btt_log_write(arena, i, 0, &log, 0);
+ ent.lba = cpu_to_le32(i);
+ ent.old_map = cpu_to_le32(arena->external_nlba + i);
+ ent.new_map = cpu_to_le32(arena->external_nlba + i);
+ ent.seq = cpu_to_le32(LOG_SEQ_INIT);
+ ret = __btt_log_write(arena, i, 0, &ent, 0);
if (ret)
goto free;
}
@@ -594,6 +600,123 @@ static int btt_freelist_init(struct arena_info *arena)
return 0;
}
+static bool ent_is_padding(struct log_entry *ent)
+{
+ return (ent->lba == 0) && (ent->old_map == 0) && (ent->new_map == 0)
+ && (ent->seq == 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Detecting valid log indices: We read a log group (see the comments in btt.h
+ * for a description of a 'log_group' and its 'slots'), and iterate over its
+ * four slots. We expect that a padding slot will be all-zeroes, and use this
+ * to detect a padding slot vs. an actual entry.
+ *
+ * If a log_group is in the initial state, i.e. hasn't been used since the
+ * creation of this BTT layout, it will have three of the four slots with
+ * zeroes. We skip over these log_groups for the detection of log_index. If
+ * all log_groups are in the initial state (i.e. the BTT has never been
+ * written to), it is safe to assume the 'new format' of log entries in slots
+ * (0, 1).
+ */
+static int log_set_indices(struct arena_info *arena)
+{
+ bool idx_set = false, initial_state = true;
+ int ret, log_index[2] = {-1, -1};
+ u32 i, j, next_idx = 0;
+ struct log_group log;
+ u32 pad_count = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < arena->nfree; i++) {
+ ret = btt_log_group_read(arena, i, &log);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ for (j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
+ if (!idx_set) {
+ if (ent_is_padding(&log.ent[j])) {
+ pad_count++;
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ /* Skip if index has been recorded */
+ if ((next_idx == 1) &&
+ (j == log_index[0]))
+ continue;
+ /* valid entry, record index */
+ log_index[next_idx] = j;
+ next_idx++;
+ }
+ if (next_idx == 2) {
+ /* two valid entries found */
+ idx_set = true;
+ } else if (next_idx > 2) {
+ /* too many valid indices */
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * once the indices have been set, just verify
+ * that all subsequent log groups are either in
+ * their initial state or follow the same
+ * indices.
+ */
+ if (j == log_index[0]) {
+ /* entry must be 'valid' */
+ if (ent_is_padding(&log.ent[j]))
+ return -ENXIO;
+ } else if (j == log_index[1]) {
+ ;
+ /*
+ * log_index[1] can be padding if the
+ * lane never got used and it is still
+ * in the initial state (three 'padding'
+ * entries)
+ */
+ } else {
+ /* entry must be invalid (padding) */
+ if (!ent_is_padding(&log.ent[j]))
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ /*
+ * If any of the log_groups have more than one valid,
+ * non-padding entry, then the we are no longer in the
+ * initial_state
+ */
+ if (pad_count < 3)
+ initial_state = false;
+ pad_count = 0;
+ }
+
+ if (!initial_state && !idx_set)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ /*
+ * If all the entries in the log were in the initial state,
+ * assume new padding scheme
+ */
+ if (initial_state)
+ log_index[1] = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Only allow the known permutations of log/padding indices,
+ * i.e. (0, 1), and (0, 2)
+ */
+ if ((log_index[0] == 0) && ((log_index[1] == 1) || (log_index[1] == 2)))
+ ; /* known index possibilities */
+ else {
+ dev_err(to_dev(arena), "Found an unknown padding scheme\n");
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ arena->log_index[0] = log_index[0];
+ arena->log_index[1] = log_index[1];
+ dev_dbg(to_dev(arena), "log_index_0 = %d\n", log_index[0]);
+ dev_dbg(to_dev(arena), "log_index_1 = %d\n", log_index[1]);
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int btt_rtt_init(struct arena_info *arena)
{
arena->rtt = kcalloc(arena->nfree, sizeof(u32), GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -650,8 +773,7 @@ static struct arena_info *alloc_arena(struct btt *btt, size_t size,
available -= 2 * BTT_PG_SIZE;
/* The log takes a fixed amount of space based on nfree */
- logsize = roundup(2 * arena->nfree * sizeof(struct log_entry),
- BTT_PG_SIZE);
+ logsize = roundup(arena->nfree * LOG_GRP_SIZE, BTT_PG_SIZE);
available -= logsize;
/* Calculate optimal split between map and data area */
@@ -668,6 +790,10 @@ static struct arena_info *alloc_arena(struct btt *btt, size_t size,
arena->mapoff = arena->dataoff + datasize;
arena->logoff = arena->mapoff + mapsize;
arena->info2off = arena->logoff + logsize;
+
+ /* Default log indices are (0,1) */
+ arena->log_index[0] = 0;
+ arena->log_index[1] = 1;
return arena;
}
@@ -758,6 +884,13 @@ static int discover_arenas(struct btt *btt)
arena->external_lba_start = cur_nlba;
parse_arena_meta(arena, super, cur_off);
+ ret = log_set_indices(arena);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(to_dev(arena),
+ "Unable to deduce log/padding indices\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+
mutex_init(&arena->err_lock);
ret = btt_freelist_init(arena);
if (ret)
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/btt.h b/drivers/nvdimm/btt.h
index 578c2057524d..db3cb6d4d0d4 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/btt.h
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/btt.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#define MAP_ERR_MASK (1 << MAP_ERR_SHIFT)
#define MAP_LBA_MASK (~((1 << MAP_TRIM_SHIFT) | (1 << MAP_ERR_SHIFT)))
#define MAP_ENT_NORMAL 0xC0000000
+#define LOG_GRP_SIZE sizeof(struct log_group)
#define LOG_ENT_SIZE sizeof(struct log_entry)
#define ARENA_MIN_SIZE (1UL << 24) /* 16 MB */
#define ARENA_MAX_SIZE (1ULL << 39) /* 512 GB */
@@ -50,12 +51,52 @@ enum btt_init_state {
INIT_READY
};
+/*
+ * A log group represents one log 'lane', and consists of four log entries.
+ * Two of the four entries are valid entries, and the remaining two are
+ * padding. Due to an old bug in the padding location, we need to perform a
+ * test to determine the padding scheme being used, and use that scheme
+ * thereafter.
+ *
+ * In kernels prior to 4.15, 'log group' would have actual log entries at
+ * indices (0, 2) and padding at indices (1, 3), where as the correct/updated
+ * format has log entries at indices (0, 1) and padding at indices (2, 3).
+ *
+ * Old (pre 4.15) format:
+ * +-----------------+-----------------+
+ * | ent[0] | ent[1] |
+ * | 16B | 16B |
+ * | lba/old/new/seq | pad |
+ * +-----------------------------------+
+ * | ent[2] | ent[3] |
+ * | 16B | 16B |
+ * | lba/old/new/seq | pad |
+ * +-----------------+-----------------+
+ *
+ * New format:
+ * +-----------------+-----------------+
+ * | ent[0] | ent[1] |
+ * | 16B | 16B |
+ * | lba/old/new/seq | lba/old/new/seq |
+ * +-----------------------------------+
+ * | ent[2] | ent[3] |
+ * | 16B | 16B |
+ * | pad | pad |
+ * +-----------------+-----------------+
+ *
+ * We detect during start-up which format is in use, and set
+ * arena->log_index[(0, 1)] with the detected format.
+ */
+
struct log_entry {
__le32 lba;
__le32 old_map;
__le32 new_map;
__le32 seq;
- __le64 padding[2];
+};
+
+struct log_group {
+ struct log_entry ent[4];
};
struct btt_sb {
@@ -125,6 +166,8 @@ struct aligned_lock {
* @list: List head for list of arenas
* @debugfs_dir: Debugfs dentry
* @flags: Arena flags - may signify error states.
+ * @err_lock: Mutex for synchronizing error clearing.
+ * @log_index: Indices of the valid log entries in a log_group
*
* arena_info is a per-arena handle. Once an arena is narrowed down for an
* IO, this struct is passed around for the duration of the IO.
@@ -157,6 +200,7 @@ struct arena_info {
/* Arena flags */
u32 flags;
struct mutex err_lock;
+ int log_index[2];
};
/**
@@ -176,6 +220,7 @@ struct arena_info {
* @init_lock: Mutex used for the BTT initialization
* @init_state: Flag describing the initialization state for the BTT
* @num_arenas: Number of arenas in the BTT instance
+ * @phys_bb: Pointer to the namespace's badblocks structure
*/
struct btt {
struct gendisk *btt_disk;
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
index 65cc171c721d..2adada1a5855 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pfn_devs.c
@@ -364,9 +364,9 @@ struct device *nd_pfn_create(struct nd_region *nd_region)
int nd_pfn_validate(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, const char *sig)
{
u64 checksum, offset;
- unsigned long align;
enum nd_pfn_mode mode;
struct nd_namespace_io *nsio;
+ unsigned long align, start_pad;
struct nd_pfn_sb *pfn_sb = nd_pfn->pfn_sb;
struct nd_namespace_common *ndns = nd_pfn->ndns;
const u8 *parent_uuid = nd_dev_to_uuid(&ndns->dev);
@@ -410,6 +410,7 @@ int nd_pfn_validate(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, const char *sig)
align = le32_to_cpu(pfn_sb->align);
offset = le64_to_cpu(pfn_sb->dataoff);
+ start_pad = le32_to_cpu(pfn_sb->start_pad);
if (align == 0)
align = 1UL << ilog2(offset);
mode = le32_to_cpu(pfn_sb->mode);
@@ -468,7 +469,7 @@ int nd_pfn_validate(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, const char *sig)
return -EBUSY;
}
- if ((align && !IS_ALIGNED(offset, align))
+ if ((align && !IS_ALIGNED(nsio->res.start + offset + start_pad, align))
|| !IS_ALIGNED(offset, PAGE_SIZE)) {
dev_err(&nd_pfn->dev,
"bad offset: %#llx dax disabled align: %#lx\n",
@@ -582,6 +583,12 @@ static struct vmem_altmap *__nvdimm_setup_pfn(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn,
return altmap;
}
+static u64 phys_pmem_align_down(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn, u64 phys)
+{
+ return min_t(u64, PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(phys),
+ ALIGN_DOWN(phys, nd_pfn->align));
+}
+
static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
{
u32 dax_label_reserve = is_nd_dax(&nd_pfn->dev) ? SZ_128K : 0;
@@ -637,13 +644,16 @@ static int nd_pfn_init(struct nd_pfn *nd_pfn)
start = nsio->res.start;
size = PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_UP(start + size) - start;
if (region_intersects(start, size, IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
- IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED) {
+ IORES_DESC_NONE) == REGION_MIXED
+ || !IS_ALIGNED(start + resource_size(&nsio->res),
+ nd_pfn->align)) {
size = resource_size(&nsio->res);
- end_trunc = start + size - PHYS_SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(start + size);
+ end_trunc = start + size - phys_pmem_align_down(nd_pfn,
+ start + size);
}
if (start_pad + end_trunc)
- dev_info(&nd_pfn->dev, "%s section collision, truncate %d bytes\n",
+ dev_info(&nd_pfn->dev, "%s alignment collision, truncate %d bytes\n",
dev_name(&ndns->dev), start_pad + end_trunc);
/*