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authorKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>2018-04-25 22:04:21 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2018-05-22 18:54:02 +0200
commit65f747a6b1089f13e80b0b2e0c4128e72d135a70 (patch)
tree75ea25dcafa440e34821efc9a962bf70681b3e07
parent832b579e1e83f17e14a8c054ccc768eaf5e80269 (diff)
x86/bugs: Provide boot parameters for the spec_store_bypass_disable mitigation
commit 24f7fc83b9204d20f878c57cb77d261ae825e033 upstream Contemporary high performance processors use a common industry-wide optimization known as "Speculative Store Bypass" in which loads from addresses to which a recent store has occurred may (speculatively) see an older value. Intel refers to this feature as "Memory Disambiguation" which is part of their "Smart Memory Access" capability. Memory Disambiguation can expose a cache side-channel attack against such speculatively read values. An attacker can create exploit code that allows them to read memory outside of a sandbox environment (for example, malicious JavaScript in a web page), or to perform more complex attacks against code running within the same privilege level, e.g. via the stack. As a first step to mitigate against such attacks, provide two boot command line control knobs: nospec_store_bypass_disable spec_store_bypass_disable=[off,auto,on] By default affected x86 processors will power on with Speculative Store Bypass enabled. Hence the provided kernel parameters are written from the point of view of whether to enable a mitigation or not. The parameters are as follows: - auto - Kernel detects whether your CPU model contains an implementation of Speculative Store Bypass and picks the most appropriate mitigation. - on - disable Speculative Store Bypass - off - enable Speculative Store Bypass [ tglx: Reordered the checks so that the whole evaluation is not done when the CPU does not support RDS ] Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt33
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c103
4 files changed, 143 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 8cfb44ffe853..4c6d3dc775f7 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2600,6 +2600,9 @@
allow data leaks with this option, which is equivalent
to spectre_v2=off.
+ nospec_store_bypass_disable
+ [HW] Disable all mitigations for the Speculative Store Bypass vulnerability
+
noxsave [BUGS=X86] Disables x86 extended register state save
and restore using xsave. The kernel will fallback to
enabling legacy floating-point and sse state.
@@ -3930,6 +3933,36 @@
Not specifying this option is equivalent to
spectre_v2=auto.
+ spec_store_bypass_disable=
+ [HW] Control Speculative Store Bypass (SSB) Disable mitigation
+ (Speculative Store Bypass vulnerability)
+
+ Certain CPUs are vulnerable to an exploit against a
+ a common industry wide performance optimization known
+ as "Speculative Store Bypass" in which recent stores
+ to the same memory location may not be observed by
+ later loads during speculative execution. The idea
+ is that such stores are unlikely and that they can
+ be detected prior to instruction retirement at the
+ end of a particular speculation execution window.
+
+ In vulnerable processors, the speculatively forwarded
+ store can be used in a cache side channel attack, for
+ example to read memory to which the attacker does not
+ directly have access (e.g. inside sandboxed code).
+
+ This parameter controls whether the Speculative Store
+ Bypass optimization is used.
+
+ on - Unconditionally disable Speculative Store Bypass
+ off - Unconditionally enable Speculative Store Bypass
+ auto - Kernel detects whether the CPU model contains an
+ implementation of Speculative Store Bypass and
+ picks the most appropriate mitigation
+
+ Not specifying this option is equivalent to
+ spec_store_bypass_disable=auto.
+
spia_io_base= [HW,MTD]
spia_fio_base=
spia_pedr=
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index e02d6c18e820..5ec16bce8590 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -212,6 +212,7 @@
#define X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB ( 7*32+21) /* "" Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier enabled */
#define X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW ( 7*32+22) /* "" Use IBRS during runtime firmware calls */
+#define X86_FEATURE_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE ( 7*32+23) /* "" Disable Speculative Store Bypass. */
/* Virtualization flags: Linux defined, word 8 */
#define X86_FEATURE_TPR_SHADOW ( 8*32+ 0) /* Intel TPR Shadow */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index d1c2630922da..7b9eacfc03f3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -238,6 +238,12 @@ extern u64 x86_spec_ctrl_get_default(void);
extern void x86_spec_ctrl_set_guest(u64);
extern void x86_spec_ctrl_restore_host(u64);
+/* The Speculative Store Bypass disable variants */
+enum ssb_mitigation {
+ SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE,
+ SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE,
+};
+
extern char __indirect_thunk_start[];
extern char __indirect_thunk_end[];
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index 59a9f3aa9f7a..2d1f1cb604aa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <asm/intel-family.h>
static void __init spectre_v2_select_mitigation(void);
+static void __init ssb_select_mitigation(void);
/*
* Our boot-time value of the SPEC_CTRL MSR. We read it once so that any
@@ -53,6 +54,12 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
/* Select the proper spectre mitigation before patching alternatives */
spectre_v2_select_mitigation();
+ /*
+ * Select proper mitigation for any exposure to the Speculative Store
+ * Bypass vulnerability.
+ */
+ ssb_select_mitigation();
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
/*
* Check whether we are able to run this kernel safely on SMP.
@@ -358,6 +365,99 @@ retpoline_auto:
}
#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "Speculative Store Bypass: " fmt
+
+static enum ssb_mitigation ssb_mode = SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE;
+
+/* The kernel command line selection */
+enum ssb_mitigation_cmd {
+ SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE,
+ SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO,
+ SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_ON,
+};
+
+static const char *ssb_strings[] = {
+ [SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE] = "Vulnerable",
+ [SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE] = "Mitigation: Speculative Store Bypass disabled"
+};
+
+static const struct {
+ const char *option;
+ enum ssb_mitigation_cmd cmd;
+} ssb_mitigation_options[] = {
+ { "auto", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO }, /* Platform decides */
+ { "on", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_ON }, /* Disable Speculative Store Bypass */
+ { "off", SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE }, /* Don't touch Speculative Store Bypass */
+};
+
+static enum ssb_mitigation_cmd __init ssb_parse_cmdline(void)
+{
+ enum ssb_mitigation_cmd cmd = SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO;
+ char arg[20];
+ int ret, i;
+
+ if (cmdline_find_option_bool(boot_command_line, "nospec_store_bypass_disable")) {
+ return SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE;
+ } else {
+ ret = cmdline_find_option(boot_command_line, "spec_store_bypass_disable",
+ arg, sizeof(arg));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ssb_mitigation_options); i++) {
+ if (!match_option(arg, ret, ssb_mitigation_options[i].option))
+ continue;
+
+ cmd = ssb_mitigation_options[i].cmd;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(ssb_mitigation_options)) {
+ pr_err("unknown option (%s). Switching to AUTO select\n", arg);
+ return SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return cmd;
+}
+
+static enum ssb_mitigation_cmd __init __ssb_select_mitigation(void)
+{
+ enum ssb_mitigation mode = SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE;
+ enum ssb_mitigation_cmd cmd;
+
+ if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDS))
+ return mode;
+
+ cmd = ssb_parse_cmdline();
+ if (!boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS) &&
+ (cmd == SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE ||
+ cmd == SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO))
+ return mode;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_AUTO:
+ case SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_ON:
+ mode = SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE;
+ break;
+ case SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_CMD_NONE:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (mode != SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_NONE)
+ setup_force_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE);
+ return mode;
+}
+
+static void ssb_select_mitigation()
+{
+ ssb_mode = __ssb_select_mitigation();
+
+ if (boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS))
+ pr_info("%s\n", ssb_strings[ssb_mode]);
+}
+
+#undef pr_fmt
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
@@ -383,6 +483,9 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW) ? ", IBRS_FW" : "",
spectre_v2_module_string());
+ case X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS:
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", ssb_strings[ssb_mode]);
+
default:
break;
}