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authorKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>2018-04-25 22:04:18 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2018-05-22 18:54:02 +0200
commit7c9b4959cda48f22ecd6ceb88bda7f939f2016b3 (patch)
tree9f7f2e0dcf9386b94d18333cf9e947f3c7616f7a
parent3ce1634f6165ba638546bf83123f1e5c51b1afcd (diff)
x86/bugs: Read SPEC_CTRL MSR during boot and re-use reserved bits
commit 1b86883ccb8d5d9506529d42dbe1a5257cb30b18 upstream The 336996-Speculative-Execution-Side-Channel-Mitigations.pdf refers to all the other bits as reserved. The Intel SDM glossary defines reserved as implementation specific - aka unknown. As such at bootup this must be taken it into account and proper masking for the bits in use applied. A copy of this document is available at https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199511 [ tglx: Made x86_spec_ctrl_base __ro_after_init ] Suggested-by: Jon Masters <jcm@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h24
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c28
2 files changed, 48 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index 870acfc2fd34..9ec3d4d448cd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -217,6 +217,17 @@ enum spectre_v2_mitigation {
SPECTRE_V2_IBRS,
};
+/*
+ * The Intel specification for the SPEC_CTRL MSR requires that we
+ * preserve any already set reserved bits at boot time (e.g. for
+ * future additions that this kernel is not currently aware of).
+ * We then set any additional mitigation bits that we want
+ * ourselves and always use this as the base for SPEC_CTRL.
+ * We also use this when handling guest entry/exit as below.
+ */
+extern void x86_spec_ctrl_set(u64);
+extern u64 x86_spec_ctrl_get_default(void);
+
extern char __indirect_thunk_start[];
extern char __indirect_thunk_end[];
@@ -254,8 +265,9 @@ void alternative_msr_write(unsigned int msr, u64 val, unsigned int feature)
static inline void indirect_branch_prediction_barrier(void)
{
- alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, PRED_CMD_IBPB,
- X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB);
+ u64 val = PRED_CMD_IBPB;
+
+ alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, val, X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB);
}
/*
@@ -266,14 +278,18 @@ static inline void indirect_branch_prediction_barrier(void)
*/
#define firmware_restrict_branch_speculation_start() \
do { \
+ u64 val = x86_spec_ctrl_get_default() | SPEC_CTRL_IBRS; \
+ \
preempt_disable(); \
- alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, SPEC_CTRL_IBRS, \
+ alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, val, \
X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW); \
} while (0)
#define firmware_restrict_branch_speculation_end() \
do { \
- alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, 0, \
+ u64 val = x86_spec_ctrl_get_default(); \
+ \
+ alternative_msr_write(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, val, \
X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW); \
preempt_enable(); \
} while (0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index ad613f73d071..6ed84f50d74a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -28,6 +28,12 @@
static void __init spectre_v2_select_mitigation(void);
+/*
+ * Our boot-time value of the SPEC_CTRL MSR. We read it once so that any
+ * writes to SPEC_CTRL contain whatever reserved bits have been set.
+ */
+static u64 __ro_after_init x86_spec_ctrl_base;
+
void __init check_bugs(void)
{
identify_boot_cpu();
@@ -37,6 +43,13 @@ void __init check_bugs(void)
print_cpu_info(&boot_cpu_data);
}
+ /*
+ * Read the SPEC_CTRL MSR to account for reserved bits which may
+ * have unknown values.
+ */
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_IBRS))
+ rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, x86_spec_ctrl_base);
+
/* Select the proper spectre mitigation before patching alternatives */
spectre_v2_select_mitigation();
@@ -95,6 +108,21 @@ static const char *spectre_v2_strings[] = {
static enum spectre_v2_mitigation spectre_v2_enabled = SPECTRE_V2_NONE;
+void x86_spec_ctrl_set(u64 val)
+{
+ if (val & ~SPEC_CTRL_IBRS)
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "SPEC_CTRL MSR value 0x%16llx is unknown.\n", val);
+ else
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, x86_spec_ctrl_base | val);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_spec_ctrl_set);
+
+u64 x86_spec_ctrl_get_default(void)
+{
+ return x86_spec_ctrl_base;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_spec_ctrl_get_default);
+
#ifdef RETPOLINE
static bool spectre_v2_bad_module;