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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-11-18 10:45:09 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-11-18 10:45:09 -0800
commitcfaa9f029f8141e9ee8d621a126d9dd4cc89aa63 (patch)
tree0873e9807569036b8613c5a9ac1afe4236ac75de
parent1ce80e0fe98e72af4125f47c65b0bc01b60a7feb (diff)
parent383fb3ee8024d596f488d2dbaf45e572897acbdb (diff)
Merge branch 'spectre' of git://git.armlinux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm
Pull ARM spectre updates from Russell King: "These are the currently known final bits that resolve the Spectre issues. big.Little systems used to be sufficiently identical in that there were no differences between individual CPUs in the system that mattered to the kernel. With the advent of the Spectre problem, the CPUs now have differences in how the workaround is applied. As a result of previous Spectre patches, these systems ended up reporting quite a lot of: "CPUx: Spectre v2: incorrect context switching function, system vulnerable" messages due to the action of the big.Little switcher causing the CPUs to be re-initialised regularly. This series resolves that issue by making the CPU vtable unique to each CPU. However, since this is used very early, before per-cpu is setup, per-cpu can't be used. We also have a problem that two of the methods are not called from preempt-safe paths, but thankfully these remain identical between all CPUs in the system. To make sure, we validate that these are identical during boot" * 'spectre' of git://git.armlinux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm: ARM: spectre-v2: per-CPU vtables to work around big.Little systems ARM: add PROC_VTABLE and PROC_TABLE macros ARM: clean up per-processor check_bugs method call ARM: split out processor lookup ARM: make lookup_processor_type() non-__init
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h61
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/bugs.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/head-common.S6
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/setup.c40
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/smp.c31
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c17
7 files changed, 113 insertions, 47 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
index 0d289240b6ca..775cac3c02bb 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/cputype.h
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
extern unsigned int processor_id;
+struct proc_info_list *lookup_processor(u32 midr);
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_CP15
#define read_cpuid(reg) \
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
index e25f4392e1b2..e1b6f280ab08 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/proc-fns.h
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ struct mm_struct;
/*
* Don't change this structure - ASM code relies on it.
*/
-extern struct processor {
+struct processor {
/* MISC
* get data abort address/flags
*/
@@ -79,9 +79,13 @@ extern struct processor {
unsigned int suspend_size;
void (*do_suspend)(void *);
void (*do_resume)(void *);
-} processor;
+};
#ifndef MULTI_CPU
+static inline void init_proc_vtable(const struct processor *p)
+{
+}
+
extern void cpu_proc_init(void);
extern void cpu_proc_fin(void);
extern int cpu_do_idle(void);
@@ -98,17 +102,50 @@ extern void cpu_reset(unsigned long addr, bool hvc) __attribute__((noreturn));
extern void cpu_do_suspend(void *);
extern void cpu_do_resume(void *);
#else
-#define cpu_proc_init processor._proc_init
-#define cpu_proc_fin processor._proc_fin
-#define cpu_reset processor.reset
-#define cpu_do_idle processor._do_idle
-#define cpu_dcache_clean_area processor.dcache_clean_area
-#define cpu_set_pte_ext processor.set_pte_ext
-#define cpu_do_switch_mm processor.switch_mm
-/* These three are private to arch/arm/kernel/suspend.c */
-#define cpu_do_suspend processor.do_suspend
-#define cpu_do_resume processor.do_resume
+extern struct processor processor;
+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+/*
+ * This can't be a per-cpu variable because we need to access it before
+ * per-cpu has been initialised. We have a couple of functions that are
+ * called in a pre-emptible context, and so can't use smp_processor_id()
+ * there, hence PROC_TABLE(). We insist in init_proc_vtable() that the
+ * function pointers for these are identical across all CPUs.
+ */
+extern struct processor *cpu_vtable[];
+#define PROC_VTABLE(f) cpu_vtable[smp_processor_id()]->f
+#define PROC_TABLE(f) cpu_vtable[0]->f
+static inline void init_proc_vtable(const struct processor *p)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ *cpu_vtable[cpu] = *p;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_vtable[cpu]->dcache_clean_area !=
+ cpu_vtable[0]->dcache_clean_area);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_vtable[cpu]->set_pte_ext !=
+ cpu_vtable[0]->set_pte_ext);
+}
+#else
+#define PROC_VTABLE(f) processor.f
+#define PROC_TABLE(f) processor.f
+static inline void init_proc_vtable(const struct processor *p)
+{
+ processor = *p;
+}
+#endif
+
+#define cpu_proc_init PROC_VTABLE(_proc_init)
+#define cpu_check_bugs PROC_VTABLE(check_bugs)
+#define cpu_proc_fin PROC_VTABLE(_proc_fin)
+#define cpu_reset PROC_VTABLE(reset)
+#define cpu_do_idle PROC_VTABLE(_do_idle)
+#define cpu_dcache_clean_area PROC_TABLE(dcache_clean_area)
+#define cpu_set_pte_ext PROC_TABLE(set_pte_ext)
+#define cpu_do_switch_mm PROC_VTABLE(switch_mm)
+
+/* These two are private to arch/arm/kernel/suspend.c */
+#define cpu_do_suspend PROC_VTABLE(do_suspend)
+#define cpu_do_resume PROC_VTABLE(do_resume)
#endif
extern void cpu_resume(void);
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/bugs.c b/arch/arm/kernel/bugs.c
index 7be511310191..d41d3598e5e5 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/bugs.c
@@ -6,8 +6,8 @@
void check_other_bugs(void)
{
#ifdef MULTI_CPU
- if (processor.check_bugs)
- processor.check_bugs();
+ if (cpu_check_bugs)
+ cpu_check_bugs();
#endif
}
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/head-common.S b/arch/arm/kernel/head-common.S
index 6e0375e7db05..997b02302c31 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/head-common.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/head-common.S
@@ -145,6 +145,9 @@ __mmap_switched_data:
#endif
.size __mmap_switched_data, . - __mmap_switched_data
+ __FINIT
+ .text
+
/*
* This provides a C-API version of __lookup_processor_type
*/
@@ -156,9 +159,6 @@ ENTRY(lookup_processor_type)
ldmfd sp!, {r4 - r6, r9, pc}
ENDPROC(lookup_processor_type)
- __FINIT
- .text
-
/*
* Read processor ID register (CP#15, CR0), and look up in the linker-built
* supported processor list. Note that we can't use the absolute addresses
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
index ac7e08886863..375b13f7e780 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
@@ -114,6 +114,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(elf_hwcap2);
#ifdef MULTI_CPU
struct processor processor __ro_after_init;
+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+struct processor *cpu_vtable[NR_CPUS] = {
+ [0] = &processor,
+};
+#endif
#endif
#ifdef MULTI_TLB
struct cpu_tlb_fns cpu_tlb __ro_after_init;
@@ -666,28 +671,33 @@ static void __init smp_build_mpidr_hash(void)
}
#endif
-static void __init setup_processor(void)
+/*
+ * locate processor in the list of supported processor types. The linker
+ * builds this table for us from the entries in arch/arm/mm/proc-*.S
+ */
+struct proc_info_list *lookup_processor(u32 midr)
{
- struct proc_info_list *list;
+ struct proc_info_list *list = lookup_processor_type(midr);
- /*
- * locate processor in the list of supported processor
- * types. The linker builds this table for us from the
- * entries in arch/arm/mm/proc-*.S
- */
- list = lookup_processor_type(read_cpuid_id());
if (!list) {
- pr_err("CPU configuration botched (ID %08x), unable to continue.\n",
- read_cpuid_id());
- while (1);
+ pr_err("CPU%u: configuration botched (ID %08x), CPU halted\n",
+ smp_processor_id(), midr);
+ while (1)
+ /* can't use cpu_relax() here as it may require MMU setup */;
}
+ return list;
+}
+
+static void __init setup_processor(void)
+{
+ unsigned int midr = read_cpuid_id();
+ struct proc_info_list *list = lookup_processor(midr);
+
cpu_name = list->cpu_name;
__cpu_architecture = __get_cpu_architecture();
-#ifdef MULTI_CPU
- processor = *list->proc;
-#endif
+ init_proc_vtable(list->proc);
#ifdef MULTI_TLB
cpu_tlb = *list->tlb;
#endif
@@ -699,7 +709,7 @@ static void __init setup_processor(void)
#endif
pr_info("CPU: %s [%08x] revision %d (ARMv%s), cr=%08lx\n",
- cpu_name, read_cpuid_id(), read_cpuid_id() & 15,
+ list->cpu_name, midr, midr & 15,
proc_arch[cpu_architecture()], get_cr());
snprintf(init_utsname()->machine, __NEW_UTS_LEN + 1, "%s%c",
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
index 0978282d5fc2..12a6172263c0 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/smp.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/procinfo.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -102,6 +103,30 @@ static unsigned long get_arch_pgd(pgd_t *pgd)
#endif
}
+#if defined(CONFIG_BIG_LITTLE) && defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR)
+static int secondary_biglittle_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ if (!cpu_vtable[cpu])
+ cpu_vtable[cpu] = kzalloc(sizeof(*cpu_vtable[cpu]), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ return cpu_vtable[cpu] ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static void secondary_biglittle_init(void)
+{
+ init_proc_vtable(lookup_processor(read_cpuid_id())->proc);
+}
+#else
+static int secondary_biglittle_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void secondary_biglittle_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
{
int ret;
@@ -109,6 +134,10 @@ int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
if (!smp_ops.smp_boot_secondary)
return -ENOSYS;
+ ret = secondary_biglittle_prepare(cpu);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
/*
* We need to tell the secondary core where to find
* its stack and the page tables.
@@ -359,6 +388,8 @@ asmlinkage void secondary_start_kernel(void)
struct mm_struct *mm = &init_mm;
unsigned int cpu;
+ secondary_biglittle_init();
+
/*
* The identity mapping is uncached (strongly ordered), so
* switch away from it before attempting any exclusive accesses.
diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c b/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c
index 5544b82a2e7a..9a07916af8dd 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c
+++ b/arch/arm/mm/proc-v7-bugs.c
@@ -52,8 +52,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A17:
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A73:
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A75:
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_bpiall_switch_mm)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
harden_branch_predictor_bpiall;
spectre_v2_method = "BPIALL";
@@ -61,8 +59,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
case ARM_CPU_PART_CORTEX_A15:
case ARM_CPU_PART_BRAHMA_B15:
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_iciallu_switch_mm)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
harden_branch_predictor_iciallu;
spectre_v2_method = "ICIALLU";
@@ -88,11 +84,9 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
if ((int)res.a0 != 0)
break;
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm && cpu)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
call_hvc_arch_workaround_1;
- processor.switch_mm = cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm;
+ cpu_do_switch_mm = cpu_v7_hvc_switch_mm;
spectre_v2_method = "hypervisor";
break;
@@ -101,11 +95,9 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
if ((int)res.a0 != 0)
break;
- if (processor.switch_mm != cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm && cpu)
- goto bl_error;
per_cpu(harden_branch_predictor_fn, cpu) =
call_smc_arch_workaround_1;
- processor.switch_mm = cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm;
+ cpu_do_switch_mm = cpu_v7_smc_switch_mm;
spectre_v2_method = "firmware";
break;
@@ -119,11 +111,6 @@ static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)
if (spectre_v2_method)
pr_info("CPU%u: Spectre v2: using %s workaround\n",
smp_processor_id(), spectre_v2_method);
- return;
-
-bl_error:
- pr_err("CPU%u: Spectre v2: incorrect context switching function, system vulnerable\n",
- cpu);
}
#else
static void cpu_v7_spectre_init(void)