Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorJan Kara <jack@suse.com>2016-02-19 00:18:25 -0500
committerTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2016-02-19 00:18:25 -0500
commited8ad83808f009ade97ebbf6519bc3a97fefbc0c (patch)
tree02befbe2dee42bf5a4b7a141888d43a6ecde7469
parentc906f38e8853cfd407b30d2f4756a93c1d8f698f (diff)
ext4: fix bh->b_state corruption
ext4 can update bh->b_state non-atomically in _ext4_get_block() and ext4_da_get_block_prep(). Usually this is fine since bh is just a temporary storage for mapping information on stack but in some cases it can be fully living bh attached to a page. In such case non-atomic update of bh->b_state can race with an atomic update which then gets lost. Usually when we are mapping bh and thus updating bh->b_state non-atomically, nobody else touches the bh and so things work out fine but there is one case to especially worry about: ext4_finish_bio() uses BH_Uptodate_Lock on the first bh in the page to synchronize handling of PageWriteback state. So when blocksize < pagesize, we can be atomically modifying bh->b_state of a buffer that actually isn't under IO and thus can race e.g. with delalloc trying to map that buffer. The result is that we can mistakenly set / clear BH_Uptodate_Lock bit resulting in the corruption of PageWriteback state or missed unlock of BH_Uptodate_Lock. Fix the problem by always updating bh->b_state bits atomically. CC: stable@vger.kernel.org Reported-by: Nikolay Borisov <kernel@kyup.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/inode.c32
1 files changed, 30 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 83bc8bfb3bea..d6674479269d 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -686,6 +686,34 @@ out_sem:
return retval;
}
+/*
+ * Update EXT4_MAP_FLAGS in bh->b_state. For buffer heads attached to pages
+ * we have to be careful as someone else may be manipulating b_state as well.
+ */
+static void ext4_update_bh_state(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ unsigned long old_state;
+ unsigned long new_state;
+
+ flags &= EXT4_MAP_FLAGS;
+
+ /* Dummy buffer_head? Set non-atomically. */
+ if (!bh->b_page) {
+ bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags;
+ return;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Someone else may be modifying b_state. Be careful! This is ugly but
+ * once we get rid of using bh as a container for mapping information
+ * to pass to / from get_block functions, this can go away.
+ */
+ do {
+ old_state = READ_ONCE(bh->b_state);
+ new_state = (old_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | flags;
+ } while (unlikely(
+ cmpxchg(&bh->b_state, old_state, new_state) != old_state));
+}
+
/* Maximum number of blocks we map for direct IO at once. */
#define DIO_MAX_BLOCKS 4096
@@ -722,7 +750,7 @@ static int _ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = ext4_inode_aio(inode);
map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk);
- bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | map.m_flags;
+ ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags);
if (io_end && io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)
set_buffer_defer_completion(bh);
bh->b_size = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize * map.m_len;
@@ -1685,7 +1713,7 @@ int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
return ret;
map_bh(bh, inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk);
- bh->b_state = (bh->b_state & ~EXT4_MAP_FLAGS) | map.m_flags;
+ ext4_update_bh_state(bh, map.m_flags);
if (buffer_unwritten(bh)) {
/* A delayed write to unwritten bh should be marked