Home Home > GIT Browse
diff options
authorMel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>2019-03-19 12:36:10 +0000
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2019-04-17 08:36:47 +0200
commit6d1e1da10c3a77e0f3f33c6f6649f75be9b3db5d (patch)
parent356bcb7b4eaa2fb92332344b5d1c1e47103b6999 (diff)
sched/fair: Do not re-read ->h_load_next during hierarchical load calculation
commit 0e9f02450da07fc7b1346c8c32c771555173e397 upstream. A NULL pointer dereference bug was reported on a distribution kernel but the same issue should be present on mainline kernel. It occured on s390 but should not be arch-specific. A partial oops looks like: Unable to handle kernel pointer dereference in virtual kernel address space ... Call Trace: ... try_to_wake_up+0xfc/0x450 vhost_poll_wakeup+0x3a/0x50 [vhost] __wake_up_common+0xbc/0x178 __wake_up_common_lock+0x9e/0x160 __wake_up_sync_key+0x4e/0x60 sock_def_readable+0x5e/0x98 The bug hits any time between 1 hour to 3 days. The dereference occurs in update_cfs_rq_h_load when accumulating h_load. The problem is that cfq_rq->h_load_next is not protected by any locking and can be updated by parallel calls to task_h_load. Depending on the compiler, code may be generated that re-reads cfq_rq->h_load_next after the check for NULL and then oops when reading se->avg.load_avg. The dissassembly showed that it was possible to reread h_load_next after the check for NULL. While this does not appear to be an issue for later compilers, it's still an accident if the correct code is generated. Full locking in this path would have high overhead so this patch uses READ_ONCE to read h_load_next only once and check for NULL before dereferencing. It was confirmed that there were no further oops after 10 days of testing. As Peter pointed out, it is also necessary to use WRITE_ONCE() to avoid any potential problems with store tearing. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Reviewed-by: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Fixes: 685207963be9 ("sched: Move h_load calculation to task_h_load()") Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190319123610.nsivgf3mjbjjesxb@techsingularity.net Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
1 files changed, 3 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 0c91d72f3e8f..1c630d94f86b 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -6634,10 +6634,10 @@ static void update_cfs_rq_h_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
if (cfs_rq->last_h_load_update == now)
- cfs_rq->h_load_next = NULL;
+ WRITE_ONCE(cfs_rq->h_load_next, NULL);
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
- cfs_rq->h_load_next = se;
+ WRITE_ONCE(cfs_rq->h_load_next, se);
if (cfs_rq->last_h_load_update == now)
@@ -6647,7 +6647,7 @@ static void update_cfs_rq_h_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
cfs_rq->last_h_load_update = now;
- while ((se = cfs_rq->h_load_next) != NULL) {
+ while ((se = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->h_load_next)) != NULL) {
load = cfs_rq->h_load;
load = div64_ul(load * se->avg.load_avg,
cfs_rq_load_avg(cfs_rq) + 1);