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authorWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>2018-06-11 14:22:09 +0100
committerWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>2018-07-05 17:24:36 +0100
commit3b8c9f1cdfc506e94e992ae66b68bbe416f89610 (patch)
treeb57aba6cc3433283aaf8e327e9f2a43d4eb9a2cf
parent7373fed2f258e640031387616a2275a6fc0d7231 (diff)
arm64: IPI each CPU after invalidating the I-cache for kernel mappings
When invalidating the instruction cache for a kernel mapping via flush_icache_range(), it is also necessary to flush the pipeline for other CPUs so that instructions fetched into the pipeline before the I-cache invalidation are discarded. For example, if module 'foo' is unloaded and then module 'bar' is loaded into the same area of memory, a CPU could end up executing instructions from 'foo' when branching into 'bar' if these instructions were fetched into the pipeline before 'foo' was unloaded. Whilst this is highly unlikely to occur in practice, particularly as any exception acts as a context-synchronizing operation, following the letter of the architecture requires us to execute an ISB on each CPU in order for the new instruction stream to be visible. Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h27
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c18
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/cache.S4
4 files changed, 33 insertions, 18 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
index d264a7274811..19844211a4e6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#ifndef __ASM_CACHEFLUSH_H
#define __ASM_CACHEFLUSH_H
+#include <linux/kgdb.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
/*
@@ -71,7 +72,7 @@
* - kaddr - page address
* - size - region size
*/
-extern void flush_icache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+extern void __flush_icache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
extern int invalidate_icache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
extern void __flush_dcache_area(void *addr, size_t len);
extern void __inval_dcache_area(void *addr, size_t len);
@@ -81,6 +82,30 @@ extern void __clean_dcache_area_pou(void *addr, size_t len);
extern long __flush_cache_user_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
extern void sync_icache_aliases(void *kaddr, unsigned long len);
+static inline void flush_icache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ __flush_icache_range(start, end);
+
+ /*
+ * IPI all online CPUs so that they undergo a context synchronization
+ * event and are forced to refetch the new instructions.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB
+ /*
+ * KGDB performs cache maintenance with interrupts disabled, so we
+ * will deadlock trying to IPI the secondary CPUs. In theory, we can
+ * set CACHE_FLUSH_IS_SAFE to 0 to avoid this known issue, but that
+ * just means that KGDB will elide the maintenance altogether! As it
+ * turns out, KGDB uses IPIs to round-up the secondary CPUs during
+ * the patching operation, so we don't need extra IPIs here anyway.
+ * In which case, add a KGDB-specific bodge and return early.
+ */
+ if (kgdb_connected && irqs_disabled())
+ return;
+#endif
+ kick_all_cpus_sync();
+}
+
static inline void flush_cache_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 5d59ff9a8da9..459129712dfa 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@ static void __copy_hyp_vect_bpi(int slot, const char *hyp_vecs_start,
for (i = 0; i < SZ_2K; i += 0x80)
memcpy(dst + i, hyp_vecs_start, hyp_vecs_end - hyp_vecs_start);
- flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)dst, (uintptr_t)dst + SZ_2K);
+ __flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)dst, (uintptr_t)dst + SZ_2K);
}
static void __install_bp_hardening_cb(bp_hardening_cb_t fn,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
index 816d03c4c913..0f6a2e0cfde0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
@@ -216,8 +216,8 @@ int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(void *addr, u32 insn)
ret = aarch64_insn_write(tp, insn);
if (ret == 0)
- flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)tp,
- (uintptr_t)tp + AARCH64_INSN_SIZE);
+ __flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)tp,
+ (uintptr_t)tp + AARCH64_INSN_SIZE);
return ret;
}
@@ -283,18 +283,8 @@ int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
if (ret)
return ret;
- if (aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(insn, insns[0])) {
- /*
- * ARMv8 architecture doesn't guarantee all CPUs see
- * the new instruction after returning from function
- * aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(). So send IPIs to
- * all other CPUs to achieve instruction
- * synchronization.
- */
- ret = aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(addrs[0], insns[0]);
- kick_all_cpus_sync();
- return ret;
- }
+ if (aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(insn, insns[0]))
+ return aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(addrs[0], insns[0]);
}
return aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(addrs, insns, cnt);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S b/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
index 30334d81b021..0c22ede52f90 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@
* - start - virtual start address of region
* - end - virtual end address of region
*/
-ENTRY(flush_icache_range)
+ENTRY(__flush_icache_range)
/* FALLTHROUGH */
/*
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
9:
mov x0, #-EFAULT
b 1b
-ENDPROC(flush_icache_range)
+ENDPROC(__flush_icache_range)
ENDPROC(__flush_cache_user_range)
/*