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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2016-04-06 16:13:34 +0100
committerDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2016-04-06 16:13:34 +0100
commit6c2dc5ae4ab719a61d19e8cef082226410b04ff8 (patch)
tree63f4974e873a7a3977a7411712875f6169763bed
parent566a117a8b24e1ae2dfa817cf0c9eec092c783b5 (diff)
X.509: Extract signature digest and make self-signed cert checks earlier
Extract the signature digest for an X.509 certificate earlier, at the end of x509_cert_parse() rather than leaving it to the callers thereof since it has to be called anyway. Further, immediately after that, check the signature on self-signed certificates, also rather in the callers of x509_cert_parse(). We note in the x509_certificate struct the following bits of information: (1) Whether the signature is self-signed (even if we can't check the signature due to missing crypto). (2) Whether the key held in the certificate needs unsupported crypto to be used. We may get a PKCS#7 message with X.509 certs that we can't make use of - we just ignore them and give ENOPKG at the end it we couldn't verify anything if at least one of these unusable certs are in the chain of trust. (3) Whether the signature held in the certificate needs unsupported crypto to be checked. We can still use the key held in this certificate, even if we can't check the signature on it - if it is held in the system trusted keyring, for instance. We just can't add it to a ring of trusted keys or follow it further up the chain of trust. Making these checks earlier allows x509_check_signature() to be removed and replaced with direct calls to public_key_verify_signature(). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_verify.c38
-rw-r--r--crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c10
-rw-r--r--crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_parser.h7
-rw-r--r--crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_public_key.c126
4 files changed, 110 insertions, 71 deletions
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_verify.c b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_verify.c
index 1426f03e630b..44b746e9df1b 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_verify.c
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/pkcs7_verify.c
@@ -190,9 +190,8 @@ static int pkcs7_verify_sig_chain(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
x509->subject,
x509->raw_serial_size, x509->raw_serial);
x509->seen = true;
- ret = x509_get_sig_params(x509);
- if (ret < 0)
- goto maybe_missing_crypto_in_x509;
+ if (x509->unsupported_key)
+ goto unsupported_crypto_in_x509;
pr_debug("- issuer %s\n", x509->issuer);
sig = x509->sig;
@@ -203,22 +202,14 @@ static int pkcs7_verify_sig_chain(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
pr_debug("- authkeyid.skid %*phN\n",
sig->auth_ids[1]->len, sig->auth_ids[1]->data);
- if ((!x509->sig->auth_ids[0] && !x509->sig->auth_ids[1]) ||
- strcmp(x509->subject, x509->issuer) == 0) {
+ if (x509->self_signed) {
/* If there's no authority certificate specified, then
* the certificate must be self-signed and is the root
* of the chain. Likewise if the cert is its own
* authority.
*/
- pr_debug("- no auth?\n");
- if (x509->raw_subject_size != x509->raw_issuer_size ||
- memcmp(x509->raw_subject, x509->raw_issuer,
- x509->raw_issuer_size) != 0)
- return 0;
-
- ret = x509_check_signature(x509->pub, x509);
- if (ret < 0)
- goto maybe_missing_crypto_in_x509;
+ if (x509->unsupported_sig)
+ goto unsupported_crypto_in_x509;
x509->signer = x509;
pr_debug("- self-signed\n");
return 0;
@@ -270,7 +261,7 @@ static int pkcs7_verify_sig_chain(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
sinfo->index);
return 0;
}
- ret = x509_check_signature(p->pub, x509);
+ ret = public_key_verify_signature(p->pub, p->sig);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
x509->signer = p;
@@ -282,16 +273,14 @@ static int pkcs7_verify_sig_chain(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
might_sleep();
}
-maybe_missing_crypto_in_x509:
+unsupported_crypto_in_x509:
/* Just prune the certificate chain at this point if we lack some
* crypto module to go further. Note, however, we don't want to set
- * sinfo->missing_crypto as the signed info block may still be
+ * sinfo->unsupported_crypto as the signed info block may still be
* validatable against an X.509 cert lower in the chain that we have a
* trusted copy of.
*/
- if (ret == -ENOPKG)
- return 0;
- return ret;
+ return 0;
}
/*
@@ -378,9 +367,8 @@ int pkcs7_verify(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
enum key_being_used_for usage)
{
struct pkcs7_signed_info *sinfo;
- struct x509_certificate *x509;
int enopkg = -ENOPKG;
- int ret, n;
+ int ret;
kenter("");
@@ -422,12 +410,6 @@ int pkcs7_verify(struct pkcs7_message *pkcs7,
return -EINVAL;
}
- for (n = 0, x509 = pkcs7->certs; x509; x509 = x509->next, n++) {
- ret = x509_get_sig_params(x509);
- if (ret < 0)
- return ret;
- }
-
for (sinfo = pkcs7->signed_infos; sinfo; sinfo = sinfo->next) {
ret = pkcs7_verify_one(pkcs7, sinfo);
if (ret < 0) {
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c
index a2fefa713614..865f46ea724f 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_cert_parser.c
@@ -108,6 +108,11 @@ struct x509_certificate *x509_cert_parse(const void *data, size_t datalen)
cert->pub->keylen = ctx->key_size;
+ /* Grab the signature bits */
+ ret = x509_get_sig_params(cert);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_decode;
+
/* Generate cert issuer + serial number key ID */
kid = asymmetric_key_generate_id(cert->raw_serial,
cert->raw_serial_size,
@@ -119,6 +124,11 @@ struct x509_certificate *x509_cert_parse(const void *data, size_t datalen)
}
cert->id = kid;
+ /* Detect self-signed certificates */
+ ret = x509_check_for_self_signed(cert);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_decode;
+
kfree(ctx);
return cert;
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_parser.h b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_parser.h
index 26a4d83e4e6d..f24f4d808e7f 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_parser.h
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_parser.h
@@ -40,7 +40,9 @@ struct x509_certificate {
bool seen; /* Infinite recursion prevention */
bool verified;
bool trusted;
- bool unsupported_crypto; /* T if can't be verified due to missing crypto */
+ bool self_signed; /* T if self-signed (check unsupported_sig too) */
+ bool unsupported_key; /* T if key uses unsupported crypto */
+ bool unsupported_sig; /* T if signature uses unsupported crypto */
};
/*
@@ -56,5 +58,4 @@ extern int x509_decode_time(time64_t *_t, size_t hdrlen,
* x509_public_key.c
*/
extern int x509_get_sig_params(struct x509_certificate *cert);
-extern int x509_check_signature(const struct public_key *pub,
- struct x509_certificate *cert);
+extern int x509_check_for_self_signed(struct x509_certificate *cert);
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_public_key.c b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_public_key.c
index 4cd102de174c..752d8d5b48fa 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_public_key.c
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/x509_public_key.c
@@ -161,10 +161,17 @@ int x509_get_sig_params(struct x509_certificate *cert)
pr_devel("==>%s()\n", __func__);
- if (cert->unsupported_crypto)
- return -ENOPKG;
- if (sig->s)
+ if (!cert->pub->pkey_algo)
+ cert->unsupported_key = true;
+
+ if (!sig->pkey_algo)
+ cert->unsupported_sig = true;
+
+ /* We check the hash if we can - even if we can't then verify it */
+ if (!sig->hash_algo) {
+ cert->unsupported_sig = true;
return 0;
+ }
sig->s = kmemdup(cert->raw_sig, cert->raw_sig_size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!sig->s)
@@ -178,8 +185,8 @@ int x509_get_sig_params(struct x509_certificate *cert)
tfm = crypto_alloc_shash(sig->hash_algo, 0, 0);
if (IS_ERR(tfm)) {
if (PTR_ERR(tfm) == -ENOENT) {
- cert->unsupported_crypto = true;
- return -ENOPKG;
+ cert->unsupported_sig = true;
+ return 0;
}
return PTR_ERR(tfm);
}
@@ -212,29 +219,53 @@ error:
pr_devel("<==%s() = %d\n", __func__, ret);
return ret;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x509_get_sig_params);
/*
- * Check the signature on a certificate using the provided public key
+ * Check for self-signedness in an X.509 cert and if found, check the signature
+ * immediately if we can.
*/
-int x509_check_signature(const struct public_key *pub,
- struct x509_certificate *cert)
+int x509_check_for_self_signed(struct x509_certificate *cert)
{
- int ret;
+ int ret = 0;
pr_devel("==>%s()\n", __func__);
- ret = x509_get_sig_params(cert);
- if (ret < 0)
- return ret;
+ if (cert->sig->auth_ids[0] || cert->sig->auth_ids[1]) {
+ /* If the AKID is present it may have one or two parts. If
+ * both are supplied, both must match.
+ */
+ bool a = asymmetric_key_id_same(cert->skid, cert->sig->auth_ids[1]);
+ bool b = asymmetric_key_id_same(cert->id, cert->sig->auth_ids[0]);
+
+ if (!a && !b)
+ goto not_self_signed;
+
+ ret = -EKEYREJECTED;
+ if (((a && !b) || (b && !a)) &&
+ cert->sig->auth_ids[0] && cert->sig->auth_ids[1])
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ret = public_key_verify_signature(cert->pub, cert->sig);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ if (ret == -ENOPKG) {
+ cert->unsupported_sig = true;
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ pr_devel("Cert Self-signature verified");
+ cert->self_signed = true;
- ret = public_key_verify_signature(pub, cert->sig);
- if (ret == -ENOPKG)
- cert->unsupported_crypto = true;
- pr_debug("Cert Verification: %d\n", ret);
+out:
+ pr_devel("<==%s() = %d\n", __func__, ret);
return ret;
+
+not_self_signed:
+ pr_devel("<==%s() = 0 [not]\n", __func__);
+ return 0;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x509_check_signature);
/*
* Check the new certificate against the ones in the trust keyring. If one of
@@ -252,22 +283,30 @@ static int x509_validate_trust(struct x509_certificate *cert,
struct key *key;
int ret = 1;
+ if (!sig->auth_ids[0] && !sig->auth_ids[1])
+ return 1;
+
if (!trust_keyring)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
-
if (ca_keyid && !asymmetric_key_id_partial(sig->auth_ids[1], ca_keyid))
return -EPERM;
+ if (cert->unsupported_sig)
+ return -ENOPKG;
key = x509_request_asymmetric_key(trust_keyring,
sig->auth_ids[0], sig->auth_ids[1],
false);
- if (!IS_ERR(key)) {
- if (!use_builtin_keys
- || test_bit(KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN, &key->flags))
- ret = x509_check_signature(key->payload.data[asym_crypto],
- cert);
- key_put(key);
+ if (IS_ERR(key))
+ return PTR_ERR(key);
+
+ if (!use_builtin_keys ||
+ test_bit(KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN, &key->flags)) {
+ ret = public_key_verify_signature(
+ key->payload.data[asym_crypto], cert->sig);
+ if (ret == -ENOPKG)
+ cert->unsupported_sig = true;
}
+ key_put(key);
return ret;
}
@@ -290,34 +329,41 @@ static int x509_key_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
pr_devel("Cert Issuer: %s\n", cert->issuer);
pr_devel("Cert Subject: %s\n", cert->subject);
- if (!cert->pub->pkey_algo ||
- !cert->sig->pkey_algo ||
- !cert->sig->hash_algo) {
+ if (cert->unsupported_key) {
ret = -ENOPKG;
goto error_free_cert;
}
pr_devel("Cert Key Algo: %s\n", cert->pub->pkey_algo);
pr_devel("Cert Valid period: %lld-%lld\n", cert->valid_from, cert->valid_to);
- pr_devel("Cert Signature: %s + %s\n",
- cert->sig->pkey_algo,
- cert->sig->hash_algo);
cert->pub->id_type = "X509";
- /* Check the signature on the key if it appears to be self-signed */
- if ((!cert->sig->auth_ids[0] && !cert->sig->auth_ids[1]) ||
- asymmetric_key_id_same(cert->skid, cert->sig->auth_ids[1]) ||
- asymmetric_key_id_same(cert->id, cert->sig->auth_ids[0])) {
- ret = x509_check_signature(cert->pub, cert); /* self-signed */
- if (ret < 0)
- goto error_free_cert;
- } else if (!prep->trusted) {
+ /* See if we can derive the trustability of this certificate.
+ *
+ * When it comes to self-signed certificates, we cannot evaluate
+ * trustedness except by the fact that we obtained it from a trusted
+ * location. So we just rely on x509_validate_trust() failing in this
+ * case.
+ *
+ * Note that there's a possibility of a self-signed cert matching a
+ * cert that we have (most likely a duplicate that we already trust) -
+ * in which case it will be marked trusted.
+ */
+ if (cert->unsupported_sig || cert->self_signed) {
+ public_key_signature_free(cert->sig);
+ cert->sig = NULL;
+ } else {
+ pr_devel("Cert Signature: %s + %s\n",
+ cert->sig->pkey_algo, cert->sig->hash_algo);
+
ret = x509_validate_trust(cert, get_system_trusted_keyring());
if (ret)
ret = x509_validate_trust(cert, get_ima_mok_keyring());
+ if (ret == -EKEYREJECTED)
+ goto error_free_cert;
if (!ret)
- prep->trusted = 1;
+ prep->trusted = true;
}
/* Propose a description */