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authorJosh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>2017-02-21 15:35:32 -0600
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-02-24 09:10:52 +0100
commitd1091c7fa3d52ebce4dd3f15d04155b3469b2f90 (patch)
treea56b8cc4e12f90c21c26bde0d49996c00c2341ef
parent9f0c18aec620bc9d82268b3cb937568dd07b43ff (diff)
objtool: Improve detection of BUG() and other dead ends
The BUG() macro's use of __builtin_unreachable() via the unreachable() macro tells gcc that the instruction is a dead end, and that it's safe to assume the current code path will not execute past the previous instruction. On x86, the BUG() macro is implemented with the 'ud2' instruction. When objtool's branch analysis sees that instruction, it knows the current code path has come to a dead end. Peter Zijlstra has been working on a patch to change the WARN macros to use 'ud2'. That patch will break objtool's assumption that 'ud2' is always a dead end. Generally it's best for objtool to avoid making those kinds of assumptions anyway. The more ignorant it is of kernel code internals, the better. So create a more generic way for objtool to detect dead ends by adding an annotation to the unreachable() macro. The annotation stores a pointer to the end of the unreachable code path in an '__unreachable' section. Objtool can read that section to find the dead ends. Tested-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/41a6d33971462ebd944a1c60ad4bf5be86c17b77.1487712920.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/compiler-gcc.h13
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch.h5
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c3
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/builtin-check.c60
5 files changed, 71 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index e79f15f108a8..ad0118fbce90 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -346,6 +346,7 @@ SECTIONS
/DISCARD/ : {
*(.eh_frame)
*(__func_stack_frame_non_standard)
+ *(__unreachable)
}
}
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
index 0444b1336268..8ea159fc489d 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
@@ -195,6 +195,17 @@
#endif
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION
+#define annotate_unreachable() ({ \
+ asm("1:\t\n" \
+ ".pushsection __unreachable, \"a\"\t\n" \
+ ".long 1b\t\n" \
+ ".popsection\t\n"); \
+})
+#else
+#define annotate_unreachable()
+#endif
+
/*
* Mark a position in code as unreachable. This can be used to
* suppress control flow warnings after asm blocks that transfer
@@ -204,7 +215,7 @@
* this in the preprocessor, but we can live with this because they're
* unreleased. Really, we need to have autoconf for the kernel.
*/
-#define unreachable() __builtin_unreachable()
+#define unreachable() annotate_unreachable(); __builtin_unreachable()
/* Mark a function definition as prohibited from being cloned. */
#define __noclone __attribute__((__noclone__, __optimize__("no-tracer")))
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch.h b/tools/objtool/arch.h
index f7350fcedc70..a59e061c0b4a 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch.h
@@ -31,9 +31,8 @@
#define INSN_CALL_DYNAMIC 8
#define INSN_RETURN 9
#define INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH 10
-#define INSN_BUG 11
-#define INSN_NOP 12
-#define INSN_OTHER 13
+#define INSN_NOP 11
+#define INSN_OTHER 12
#define INSN_LAST INSN_OTHER
int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
index 039636ffb6c8..6ac99e3266eb 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
@@ -118,9 +118,6 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
op2 == 0x35)
/* sysenter, sysret */
*type = INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH;
- else if (op2 == 0x0b || op2 == 0xb9)
- /* ud2 */
- *type = INSN_BUG;
else if (op2 == 0x0d || op2 == 0x1f)
/* nopl/nopw */
*type = INSN_NOP;
diff --git a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
index e8a1f699058a..5fc52ee3264c 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ struct instruction {
unsigned int len, state;
unsigned char type;
unsigned long immediate;
- bool alt_group, visited;
+ bool alt_group, visited, dead_end;
struct symbol *call_dest;
struct instruction *jump_dest;
struct list_head alts;
@@ -330,6 +330,54 @@ static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
}
/*
+ * Find all uses of the unreachable() macro, which are code path dead ends.
+ */
+static int add_dead_ends(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct rela *rela;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ bool found;
+
+ sec = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".rela__unreachable");
+ if (!sec)
+ return 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(rela, &sec->rela_list, list) {
+ if (rela->sym->type != STT_SECTION) {
+ WARN("unexpected relocation symbol type in .rela__unreachable");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ insn = find_insn(file, rela->sym->sec, rela->addend);
+ if (insn)
+ insn = list_prev_entry(insn, list);
+ else if (rela->addend == rela->sym->sec->len) {
+ found = false;
+ list_for_each_entry_reverse(insn, &file->insn_list, list) {
+ if (insn->sec == rela->sym->sec) {
+ found = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!found) {
+ WARN("can't find unreachable insn at %s+0x%x",
+ rela->sym->sec->name, rela->addend);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ WARN("can't find unreachable insn at %s+0x%x",
+ rela->sym->sec->name, rela->addend);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ insn->dead_end = true;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Warnings shouldn't be reported for ignored functions.
*/
static void add_ignores(struct objtool_file *file)
@@ -843,6 +891,10 @@ static int decode_sections(struct objtool_file *file)
if (ret)
return ret;
+ ret = add_dead_ends(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
add_ignores(file);
ret = add_jump_destinations(file);
@@ -1037,13 +1089,13 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file,
return 0;
- case INSN_BUG:
- return 0;
-
default:
break;
}
+ if (insn->dead_end)
+ return 0;
+
insn = next_insn_same_sec(file, insn);
if (!insn) {
WARN("%s: unexpected end of section", sec->name);