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authorBorislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>2015-04-04 15:34:43 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2015-04-04 15:58:23 +0200
commitdbe4058a6a44af4ca5d146aebe01b0a1f9b7fd2a (patch)
tree99afa890af32c6c129417823087ffcdc62ddfedb
parent6b51311c976593fb7311322b1647a912cd456ec4 (diff)
x86/alternatives: Fix ALTERNATIVE_2 padding generation properly
Quentin caught a corner case with the generation of instruction padding in the ALTERNATIVE_2 macro: if len(orig_insn) < len(alt1) < len(alt2), then not enough padding gets added and that is not good(tm) as we could overwrite the beginning of the next instruction. Luckily, at the time of this writing, we don't have ALTERNATIVE_2() invocations which have that problem and even if we did, a simple fix would be to prepend the instructions with enough prefixes so that that corner case doesn't happen. However, best it would be if we fixed it properly. See below for a simple, abstracted example of what we're doing. So what we ended up doing is, we compute the max(len(alt1), len(alt2)) - len(orig_insn) and feed that value to the .skip gas directive. The max() cannot have conditionals due to gas limitations, thus the fancy integer math. With this patch, all ALTERNATIVE_2 sites get padded correctly; generating obscure test cases pass too: #define alt_max_short(a, b) ((a) ^ (((a) ^ (b)) & -(-((a) < (b))))) #define gen_skip(orig, alt1, alt2, marker) \ .skip -((alt_max_short(alt1, alt2) - (orig)) > 0) * \ (alt_max_short(alt1, alt2) - (orig)),marker .pushsection .text, "ax" .globl main main: gen_skip(1, 2, 4, 0x09) gen_skip(4, 1, 2, 0x10) ... .popsection Thanks to Quentin for catching it and double-checking the fix! Reported-by: Quentin Casasnovas <quentin.casasnovas@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150404133443.GE21152@pd.tnic Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/alternative-asm.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h16
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c4
3 files changed, 26 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative-asm.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative-asm.h
index 524bddce0b76..bdf02eeee765 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative-asm.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative-asm.h
@@ -45,12 +45,22 @@
.popsection
.endm
+#define old_len 141b-140b
+#define new_len1 144f-143f
+#define new_len2 145f-144f
+
+/*
+ * max without conditionals. Idea adapted from:
+ * http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#IntegerMinOrMax
+ */
+#define alt_max_short(a, b) ((a) ^ (((a) ^ (b)) & -(-((a) < (b)))))
+
.macro ALTERNATIVE_2 oldinstr, newinstr1, feature1, newinstr2, feature2
140:
\oldinstr
141:
- .skip -(((144f-143f)-(141b-140b)) > 0) * ((144f-143f)-(141b-140b)),0x90
- .skip -(((145f-144f)-(144f-143f)-(141b-140b)) > 0) * ((145f-144f)-(144f-143f)-(141b-140b)),0x90
+ .skip -((alt_max_short(new_len1, new_len2) - (old_len)) > 0) * \
+ (alt_max_short(new_len1, new_len2) - (old_len)),0x90
142:
.pushsection .altinstructions,"a"
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
index 5aef6a97d80e..ba32af062f61 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
@@ -96,13 +96,21 @@ static inline int alternatives_text_reserved(void *start, void *end)
alt_end_marker ":\n"
/*
+ * max without conditionals. Idea adapted from:
+ * http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#IntegerMinOrMax
+ *
+ * The additional "-" is needed because gas works with s32s.
+ */
+#define alt_max_short(a, b) "((" a ") ^ (((" a ") ^ (" b ")) & -(-((" a ") - (" b ")))))"
+
+/*
* Pad the second replacement alternative with additional NOPs if it is
* additionally longer than the first replacement alternative.
*/
-#define OLDINSTR_2(oldinstr, num1, num2) \
- __OLDINSTR(oldinstr, num1) \
- ".skip -(((" alt_rlen(num2) ")-(" alt_rlen(num1) ")-(662b-661b)) > 0) * " \
- "((" alt_rlen(num2) ")-(" alt_rlen(num1) ")-(662b-661b)),0x90\n" \
+#define OLDINSTR_2(oldinstr, num1, num2) \
+ "661:\n\t" oldinstr "\n662:\n" \
+ ".skip -((" alt_max_short(alt_rlen(num1), alt_rlen(num2)) " - (" alt_slen ")) > 0) * " \
+ "(" alt_max_short(alt_rlen(num1), alt_rlen(num2)) " - (" alt_slen ")), 0x90\n" \
alt_end_marker ":\n"
#define ALTINSTR_ENTRY(feature, num) \
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index 5c993c94255e..7c4ad005d7a0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -369,11 +369,11 @@ void __init_or_module apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr *start,
continue;
}
- DPRINTK("feat: %d*32+%d, old: (%p, len: %d), repl: (%p, len: %d)",
+ DPRINTK("feat: %d*32+%d, old: (%p, len: %d), repl: (%p, len: %d), pad: %d",
a->cpuid >> 5,
a->cpuid & 0x1f,
instr, a->instrlen,
- replacement, a->replacementlen);
+ replacement, a->replacementlen, a->padlen);
DUMP_BYTES(instr, a->instrlen, "%p: old_insn: ", instr);
DUMP_BYTES(replacement, a->replacementlen, "%p: rpl_insn: ", replacement);