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Kernel driver lm90
==================

Supported chips:
  * National Semiconductor LM90
    Prefix: 'lm90'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the National Semiconductor website
               http://www.national.com/pf/LM/LM90.html
  * National Semiconductor LM89
    Prefix: 'lm89' (no auto-detection)
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the National Semiconductor website
               http://www.national.com/mpf/LM/LM89.html
  * National Semiconductor LM99
    Prefix: 'lm99'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the National Semiconductor website
               http://www.national.com/pf/LM/LM99.html
  * National Semiconductor LM86
    Prefix: 'lm86'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the National Semiconductor website
               http://www.national.com/mpf/LM/LM86.html
  * Analog Devices ADM1032
    Prefix: 'adm1032'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the ON Semiconductor website
               http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADM1032
  * Analog Devices ADT7461
    Prefix: 'adt7461'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the ON Semiconductor website
               http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADT7461
  * Analog Devices ADT7461A
    Prefix: 'adt7461a'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the ON Semiconductor website
               http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADT7461A
  * ON Semiconductor NCT1008
    Prefix: 'nct1008'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c and 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the ON Semiconductor website
               http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=NCT1008
  * Maxim MAX6646
    Prefix: 'max6646'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4d
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3497
  * Maxim MAX6647
    Prefix: 'max6646'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4e
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3497
  * Maxim MAX6648
    Prefix: 'max6646'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3500
  * Maxim MAX6649
    Prefix: 'max6646'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3497
  * Maxim MAX6657
    Prefix: 'max6657'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/2578
  * Maxim MAX6658
    Prefix: 'max6657'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/2578
  * Maxim MAX6659
    Prefix: 'max6659'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c, 0x4d, 0x4e
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/2578
  * Maxim MAX6680
    Prefix: 'max6680'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b,
                           0x4c, 0x4d and 0x4e
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3370
  * Maxim MAX6681
    Prefix: 'max6680'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b,
                           0x4c, 0x4d and 0x4e
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3370
  * Maxim MAX6692
    Prefix: 'max6646'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/quick_view2.cfm/qv_pk/3500
  * Maxim MAX6695
    Prefix: 'max6695'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/datasheet/index.mvp/id/4199
  * Maxim MAX6696
    Prefix: 'max6695'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b,
                           0x4c, 0x4d and 0x4e
    Datasheet: Publicly available at the Maxim website
               http://www.maxim-ic.com/datasheet/index.mvp/id/4199
  * Winbond/Nuvoton W83L771W/G
    Prefix: 'w83l771'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: No longer available
  * Winbond/Nuvoton W83L771AWG/ASG
    Prefix: 'w83l771'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Not publicly available, can be requested from Nuvoton
  * Philips/NXP SA56004X
    Prefix: 'sa56004'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x48 through 0x4F
    Datasheet: Publicly available at NXP website
               http://ics.nxp.com/products/interface/datasheet/sa56004x.pdf
  * GMT G781
    Prefix: 'g781'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c, 0x4d
    Datasheet: Not publicly available from GMT
  * Texas Instruments TMP451
    Prefix: 'tmp451'
    Addresses scanned: I2C 0x4c
    Datasheet: Publicly available at TI website
               http://www.ti.com/litv/pdf/sbos686


Author: Jean Delvare <jdelvare@suse.de>


Description
-----------

The LM90 is a digital temperature sensor. It senses its own temperature as
well as the temperature of up to one external diode. It is compatible
with many other devices, many of which are supported by this driver.

Note that there is no easy way to differentiate between the MAX6657,
MAX6658 and MAX6659 variants. The extra features of the MAX6659 are only
supported by this driver if the chip is located at address 0x4d or 0x4e,
or if the chip type is explicitly selected as max6659.
The MAX6680 and MAX6681 only differ in their pinout, therefore they obviously
can't (and don't need to) be distinguished.

The specificity of this family of chipsets over the ADM1021/LM84
family is that it features critical limits with hysteresis, and an
increased resolution of the remote temperature measurement.

The different chipsets of the family are not strictly identical, although
very similar. For reference, here comes a non-exhaustive list of specific
features:

LM90:
  * Filter and alert configuration register at 0xBF.
  * ALERT is triggered by temperatures over critical limits.

LM86 and LM89:
  * Same as LM90
  * Better external channel accuracy

LM99:
  * Same as LM89
  * External temperature shifted by 16 degrees down

ADM1032:
  * Consecutive alert register at 0x22.
  * Conversion averaging.
  * Up to 64 conversions/s.
  * ALERT is triggered by open remote sensor.
  * SMBus PEC support for Write Byte and Receive Byte transactions.

ADT7461, ADT7461A, NCT1008:
  * Extended temperature range (breaks compatibility)
  * Lower resolution for remote temperature

MAX6657 and MAX6658:
  * Better local resolution
  * Remote sensor type selection

MAX6659:
  * Better local resolution
  * Selectable address
  * Second critical temperature limit
  * Remote sensor type selection

MAX6680 and MAX6681:
  * Selectable address
  * Remote sensor type selection

MAX6695 and MAX6696:
  * Better local resolution
  * Selectable address (max6696)
  * Second critical temperature limit
  * Two remote sensors

W83L771W/G
  * The G variant is lead-free, otherwise similar to the W.
  * Filter and alert configuration register at 0xBF
  * Moving average (depending on conversion rate)

W83L771AWG/ASG
  * Successor of the W83L771W/G, same features.
  * The AWG and ASG variants only differ in package format.
  * Diode ideality factor configuration (remote sensor) at 0xE3

SA56004X:
  * Better local resolution

All temperature values are given in degrees Celsius. Resolution
is 1.0 degree for the local temperature, 0.125 degree for the remote
temperature, except for the MAX6657, MAX6658 and MAX6659 which have a
resolution of 0.125 degree for both temperatures.

Each sensor has its own high and low limits, plus a critical limit.
Additionally, there is a relative hysteresis value common to both critical
values. To make life easier to user-space applications, two absolute values
are exported, one for each channel, but these values are of course linked.
Only the local hysteresis can be set from user-space, and the same delta
applies to the remote hysteresis.

The lm90 driver will not update its values more frequently than configured with
the update_interval attribute; reading them more often will do no harm, but will
return 'old' values.

SMBus Alert Support
-------------------

This driver has basic support for SMBus alert. When an alert is received,
the status register is read and the faulty temperature channel is logged.

The Analog Devices chips (ADM1032, ADT7461 and ADT7461A) and ON
Semiconductor chips (NCT1008) do not implement the SMBus alert protocol
properly so additional care is needed: the ALERT output is disabled when
an alert is received, and is re-enabled only when the alarm is gone.
Otherwise the chip would block alerts from other chips in the bus as long
as the alarm is active.

PEC Support
-----------

The ADM1032 is the only chip of the family which supports PEC. It does
not support PEC on all transactions though, so some care must be taken.

When reading a register value, the PEC byte is computed and sent by the
ADM1032 chip. However, in the case of a combined transaction (SMBus Read
Byte), the ADM1032 computes the CRC value over only the second half of
the message rather than its entirety, because it thinks the first half
of the message belongs to a different transaction. As a result, the CRC
value differs from what the SMBus master expects, and all reads fail.

For this reason, the lm90 driver will enable PEC for the ADM1032 only if
the bus supports the SMBus Send Byte and Receive Byte transaction types.
These transactions will be used to read register values, instead of
SMBus Read Byte, and PEC will work properly.

Additionally, the ADM1032 doesn't support SMBus Send Byte with PEC.
Instead, it will try to write the PEC value to the register (because the
SMBus Send Byte transaction with PEC is similar to a Write Byte transaction
without PEC), which is not what we want. Thus, PEC is explicitly disabled
on SMBus Send Byte transactions in the lm90 driver.

PEC on byte data transactions represents a significant increase in bandwidth
usage (+33% for writes, +25% for reads) in normal conditions. With the need
to use two SMBus transaction for reads, this overhead jumps to +50%. Worse,
two transactions will typically mean twice as much delay waiting for
transaction completion, effectively doubling the register cache refresh time.
I guess reliability comes at a price, but it's quite expensive this time.

So, as not everyone might enjoy the slowdown, PEC can be disabled through
sysfs. Just write 0 to the "pec" file and PEC will be disabled. Write 1
to that file to enable PEC again.