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/*
 * faulty.c : Multiple Devices driver for Linux
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Neil Brown
 *
 * fautly-device-simulator personality for md
 *
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * (for example /usr/src/linux/COPYING); if not, write to the Free
 * Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */


/*
 * The "faulty" personality causes some requests to fail.
 *
 * Possible failure modes are:
 *   reads fail "randomly" but succeed on retry
 *   writes fail "randomly" but succeed on retry
 *   reads for some address fail and then persist until a write
 *   reads for some address fail and then persist irrespective of write
 *   writes for some address fail and persist
 *   all writes fail
 *
 * Different modes can be active at a time, but only
 * one can be set at array creation.  Others can be added later.
 * A mode can be one-shot or recurrent with the recurrence being
 * once in every N requests.
 * The bottom 5 bits of the "layout" indicate the mode.  The
 * remainder indicate a period, or 0 for one-shot.
 *
 * There is an implementation limit on the number of concurrently
 * persisting-faulty blocks. When a new fault is requested that would
 * exceed the limit, it is ignored.
 * All current faults can be clear using a layout of "0".
 *
 * Requests are always sent to the device.  If they are to fail,
 * we clone the bio and insert a new b_end_io into the chain.
 */

#define	WriteTransient	0
#define	ReadTransient	1
#define	WritePersistent	2
#define	ReadPersistent	3
#define	WriteAll	4 /* doesn't go to device */
#define	ReadFixable	5
#define	Modes	6

#define	ClearErrors	31
#define	ClearFaults	30

#define AllPersist	100 /* internal use only */
#define	NoPersist	101

#define	ModeMask	0x1f
#define	ModeShift	5

#define MaxFault	50
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/raid/md_u.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "md.h"
#include <linux/seq_file.h>


static void faulty_fail(struct bio *bio)
{
	struct bio *b = bio->bi_private;

	b->bi_iter.bi_size = bio->bi_iter.bi_size;
	b->bi_iter.bi_sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector;

	bio_put(bio);

	bio_io_error(b);
}

struct faulty_conf {
	int period[Modes];
	atomic_t counters[Modes];
	sector_t faults[MaxFault];
	int	modes[MaxFault];
	int nfaults;
	struct md_rdev *rdev;
};

static int check_mode(struct faulty_conf *conf, int mode)
{
	if (conf->period[mode] == 0 &&
	    atomic_read(&conf->counters[mode]) <= 0)
		return 0; /* no failure, no decrement */


	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&conf->counters[mode])) {
		if (conf->period[mode])
			atomic_set(&conf->counters[mode], conf->period[mode]);
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int check_sector(struct faulty_conf *conf, sector_t start, sector_t end, int dir)
{
	/* If we find a ReadFixable sector, we fix it ... */
	int i;
	for (i=0; i<conf->nfaults; i++)
		if (conf->faults[i] >= start &&
		    conf->faults[i] < end) {
			/* found it ... */
			switch (conf->modes[i] * 2 + dir) {
			case WritePersistent*2+WRITE: return 1;
			case ReadPersistent*2+READ: return 1;
			case ReadFixable*2+READ: return 1;
			case ReadFixable*2+WRITE:
				conf->modes[i] = NoPersist;
				return 0;
			case AllPersist*2+READ:
			case AllPersist*2+WRITE: return 1;
			default:
				return 0;
			}
		}
	return 0;
}

static void add_sector(struct faulty_conf *conf, sector_t start, int mode)
{
	int i;
	int n = conf->nfaults;
	for (i=0; i<conf->nfaults; i++)
		if (conf->faults[i] == start) {
			switch(mode) {
			case NoPersist: conf->modes[i] = mode; return;
			case WritePersistent:
				if (conf->modes[i] == ReadPersistent ||
				    conf->modes[i] == ReadFixable)
					conf->modes[i] = AllPersist;
				else
					conf->modes[i] = WritePersistent;
				return;
			case ReadPersistent:
				if (conf->modes[i] == WritePersistent)
					conf->modes[i] = AllPersist;
				else
					conf->modes[i] = ReadPersistent;
				return;
			case ReadFixable:
				if (conf->modes[i] == WritePersistent ||
				    conf->modes[i] == ReadPersistent)
					conf->modes[i] = AllPersist;
				else
					conf->modes[i] = ReadFixable;
				return;
			}
		} else if (conf->modes[i] == NoPersist)
			n = i;

	if (n >= MaxFault)
		return;
	conf->faults[n] = start;
	conf->modes[n] = mode;
	if (conf->nfaults == n)
		conf->nfaults = n+1;
}

static bool faulty_make_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio)
{
	struct faulty_conf *conf = mddev->private;
	int failit = 0;

	if (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE) {
		/* write request */
		if (atomic_read(&conf->counters[WriteAll])) {
			/* special case - don't decrement, don't generic_make_request,
			 * just fail immediately
			 */
			bio_io_error(bio);
			return true;
		}

		if (check_sector(conf, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
				 bio_end_sector(bio), WRITE))
			failit = 1;
		if (check_mode(conf, WritePersistent)) {
			add_sector(conf, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
				   WritePersistent);
			failit = 1;
		}
		if (check_mode(conf, WriteTransient))
			failit = 1;
	} else {
		/* read request */
		if (check_sector(conf, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
				 bio_end_sector(bio), READ))
			failit = 1;
		if (check_mode(conf, ReadTransient))
			failit = 1;
		if (check_mode(conf, ReadPersistent)) {
			add_sector(conf, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
				   ReadPersistent);
			failit = 1;
		}
		if (check_mode(conf, ReadFixable)) {
			add_sector(conf, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
				   ReadFixable);
			failit = 1;
		}
	}
	if (failit) {
		struct bio *b = bio_clone_fast(bio, GFP_NOIO, mddev->bio_set);

		bio_set_dev(b, conf->rdev->bdev);
		b->bi_private = bio;
		b->bi_end_io = faulty_fail;
		bio = b;
	} else
		bio_set_dev(bio, conf->rdev->bdev);

	generic_make_request(bio);
	return true;
}

static void faulty_status(struct seq_file *seq, struct mddev *mddev)
{
	struct faulty_conf *conf = mddev->private;
	int n;

	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[WriteTransient])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " WriteTransient=%d(%d)",
			   n, conf->period[WriteTransient]);

	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[ReadTransient])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " ReadTransient=%d(%d)",
			   n, conf->period[ReadTransient]);

	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[WritePersistent])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " WritePersistent=%d(%d)",
			   n, conf->period[WritePersistent]);

	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[ReadPersistent])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " ReadPersistent=%d(%d)",
			   n, conf->period[ReadPersistent]);


	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[ReadFixable])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " ReadFixable=%d(%d)",
			   n, conf->period[ReadFixable]);

	if ((n=atomic_read(&conf->counters[WriteAll])) != 0)
		seq_printf(seq, " WriteAll");

	seq_printf(seq, " nfaults=%d", conf->nfaults);
}


static int faulty_reshape(struct mddev *mddev)
{
	int mode = mddev->new_layout & ModeMask;
	int count = mddev->new_layout >> ModeShift;
	struct faulty_conf *conf = mddev->private;

	if (mddev->new_layout < 0)
		return 0;

	/* new layout */
	if (mode == ClearFaults)
		conf->nfaults = 0;
	else if (mode == ClearErrors) {
		int i;
		for (i=0 ; i < Modes ; i++) {
			conf->period[i] = 0;
			atomic_set(&conf->counters[i], 0);
		}
	} else if (mode < Modes) {
		conf->period[mode] = count;
		if (!count) count++;
		atomic_set(&conf->counters[mode], count);
	} else
		return -EINVAL;
	mddev->new_layout = -1;
	mddev->layout = -1; /* makes sure further changes come through */
	return 0;
}

static sector_t faulty_size(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors, int raid_disks)
{
	WARN_ONCE(raid_disks,
		  "%s does not support generic reshape\n", __func__);

	if (sectors == 0)
		return mddev->dev_sectors;

	return sectors;
}

static int faulty_run(struct mddev *mddev)
{
	struct md_rdev *rdev;
	int i;
	struct faulty_conf *conf;

	if (md_check_no_bitmap(mddev))
		return -EINVAL;

	conf = kmalloc(sizeof(*conf), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!conf)
		return -ENOMEM;

	for (i=0; i<Modes; i++) {
		atomic_set(&conf->counters[i], 0);
		conf->period[i] = 0;
	}
	conf->nfaults = 0;

	rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev) {
		conf->rdev = rdev;
		disk_stack_limits(mddev->gendisk, rdev->bdev,
				  rdev->data_offset << 9);
	}

	md_set_array_sectors(mddev, faulty_size(mddev, 0, 0));
	mddev->private = conf;

	faulty_reshape(mddev);

	return 0;
}

static void faulty_free(struct mddev *mddev, void *priv)
{
	struct faulty_conf *conf = priv;

	kfree(conf);
}

static struct md_personality faulty_personality =
{
	.name		= "faulty",
	.level		= LEVEL_FAULTY,
	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.make_request	= faulty_make_request,
	.run		= faulty_run,
	.free		= faulty_free,
	.status		= faulty_status,
	.check_reshape	= faulty_reshape,
	.size		= faulty_size,
};

static int __init raid_init(void)
{
	return register_md_personality(&faulty_personality);
}

static void raid_exit(void)
{
	unregister_md_personality(&faulty_personality);
}

module_init(raid_init);
module_exit(raid_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Fault injection personality for MD");
MODULE_ALIAS("md-personality-10"); /* faulty */
MODULE_ALIAS("md-faulty");
MODULE_ALIAS("md-level--5");