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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
 * Driver for Broadcom BCM2835 SPI Controllers
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2012 Chris Boot
 * Copyright (C) 2013 Stephen Warren
 * Copyright (C) 2015 Martin Sperl
 *
 * This driver is inspired by:
 * spi-ath79.c, Copyright (C) 2009-2011 Gabor Juhos <juhosg@openwrt.org>
 * spi-atmel.c, Copyright (C) 2006 Atmel Corporation
 */

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_address.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>

/* SPI register offsets */
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS			0x00
#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO		0x04
#define BCM2835_SPI_CLK			0x08
#define BCM2835_SPI_DLEN		0x0c
#define BCM2835_SPI_LTOH		0x10
#define BCM2835_SPI_DC			0x14

/* Bitfields in CS */
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_LEN_LONG		0x02000000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMA_LEN		0x01000000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL2		0x00800000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL1		0x00400000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL0		0x00200000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXF		0x00100000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXR		0x00080000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_TXD		0x00040000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD		0x00020000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE		0x00010000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_LEN		0x00002000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_REN		0x00001000
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_ADCS		0x00000800
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR		0x00000400
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD		0x00000200
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN		0x00000100
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA		0x00000080
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CSPOL		0x00000040
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX		0x00000020
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX		0x00000010
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL		0x00000008
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA		0x00000004
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10		0x00000002
#define BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01		0x00000001

#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE		64
#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE_3_4	48
#define BCM2835_SPI_POLLING_LIMIT_US	30
#define BCM2835_SPI_POLLING_JIFFIES	2
#define BCM2835_SPI_DMA_MIN_LENGTH	96
#define BCM2835_SPI_MODE_BITS	(SPI_CPOL | SPI_CPHA | SPI_CS_HIGH \
				| SPI_NO_CS | SPI_3WIRE)

#define DRV_NAME	"spi-bcm2835"

/**
 * struct bcm2835_spi - BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @regs: base address of register map
 * @clk: core clock, divided to calculate serial clock
 * @irq: interrupt, signals TX FIFO empty or RX FIFO ¾ full
 * @tfr: SPI transfer currently processed
 * @tx_buf: pointer whence next transmitted byte is read
 * @rx_buf: pointer where next received byte is written
 * @tx_len: remaining bytes to transmit
 * @rx_len: remaining bytes to receive
 * @tx_prologue: bytes transmitted without DMA if first TX sglist entry's
 *	length is not a multiple of 4 (to overcome hardware limitation)
 * @rx_prologue: bytes received without DMA if first RX sglist entry's
 *	length is not a multiple of 4 (to overcome hardware limitation)
 * @tx_spillover: whether @tx_prologue spills over to second TX sglist entry
 * @dma_pending: whether a DMA transfer is in progress
 */
struct bcm2835_spi {
	void __iomem *regs;
	struct clk *clk;
	int irq;
	struct spi_transfer *tfr;
	const u8 *tx_buf;
	u8 *rx_buf;
	int tx_len;
	int rx_len;
	int tx_prologue;
	int rx_prologue;
	unsigned int tx_spillover;
	unsigned int dma_pending;
};

static inline u32 bcm2835_rd(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, unsigned reg)
{
	return readl(bs->regs + reg);
}

static inline void bcm2835_wr(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, unsigned reg, u32 val)
{
	writel(val, bs->regs + reg);
}

static inline void bcm2835_rd_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
	u8 byte;

	while ((bs->rx_len) &&
	       (bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXD)) {
		byte = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
		if (bs->rx_buf)
			*bs->rx_buf++ = byte;
		bs->rx_len--;
	}
}

static inline void bcm2835_wr_fifo(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
	u8 byte;

	while ((bs->tx_len) &&
	       (bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_TXD)) {
		byte = bs->tx_buf ? *bs->tx_buf++ : 0;
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO, byte);
		bs->tx_len--;
	}
}

/**
 * bcm2835_rd_fifo_count() - blindly read exactly @count bytes from RX FIFO
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @count: bytes to read from RX FIFO
 *
 * The caller must ensure that @bs->rx_len is greater than or equal to @count,
 * that the RX FIFO contains at least @count bytes and that the DMA Enable flag
 * in the CS register is set (such that a read from the FIFO register receives
 * 32-bit instead of just 8-bit).  Moreover @bs->rx_buf must not be %NULL.
 */
static inline void bcm2835_rd_fifo_count(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int count)
{
	u32 val;
	int len;

	bs->rx_len -= count;

	while (count > 0) {
		val = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
		len = min(count, 4);
		memcpy(bs->rx_buf, &val, len);
		bs->rx_buf += len;
		count -= 4;
	}
}

/**
 * bcm2835_wr_fifo_count() - blindly write exactly @count bytes to TX FIFO
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @count: bytes to write to TX FIFO
 *
 * The caller must ensure that @bs->tx_len is greater than or equal to @count,
 * that the TX FIFO can accommodate @count bytes and that the DMA Enable flag
 * in the CS register is set (such that a write to the FIFO register transmits
 * 32-bit instead of just 8-bit).
 */
static inline void bcm2835_wr_fifo_count(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int count)
{
	u32 val;
	int len;

	bs->tx_len -= count;

	while (count > 0) {
		if (bs->tx_buf) {
			len = min(count, 4);
			memcpy(&val, bs->tx_buf, len);
			bs->tx_buf += len;
		} else {
			val = 0;
		}
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO, val);
		count -= 4;
	}
}

/**
 * bcm2835_wait_tx_fifo_empty() - busy-wait for TX FIFO to empty
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 *
 * The caller must ensure that the RX FIFO can accommodate as many bytes
 * as have been written to the TX FIFO:  Transmission is halted once the
 * RX FIFO is full, causing this function to spin forever.
 */
static inline void bcm2835_wait_tx_fifo_empty(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
	while (!(bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS) & BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE))
		cpu_relax();
}

/**
 * bcm2835_rd_fifo_blind() - blindly read up to @count bytes from RX FIFO
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @count: bytes available for reading in RX FIFO
 */
static inline void bcm2835_rd_fifo_blind(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int count)
{
	u8 val;

	count = min(count, bs->rx_len);
	bs->rx_len -= count;

	while (count) {
		val = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
		if (bs->rx_buf)
			*bs->rx_buf++ = val;
		count--;
	}
}

/**
 * bcm2835_wr_fifo_blind() - blindly write up to @count bytes to TX FIFO
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @count: bytes available for writing in TX FIFO
 */
static inline void bcm2835_wr_fifo_blind(struct bcm2835_spi *bs, int count)
{
	u8 val;

	count = min(count, bs->tx_len);
	bs->tx_len -= count;

	while (count) {
		val = bs->tx_buf ? *bs->tx_buf++ : 0;
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO, val);
		count--;
	}
}

static void bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(struct spi_master *master)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);

	/* Disable SPI interrupts and transfer */
	cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR |
		BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD |
		BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN |
		BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);
	/* and reset RX/TX FIFOS */
	cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX;

	/* and reset the SPI_HW */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);
	/* as well as DLEN */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_DLEN, 0);
}

static irqreturn_t bcm2835_spi_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct spi_master *master = dev_id;
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);

	/*
	 * An interrupt is signaled either if DONE is set (TX FIFO empty)
	 * or if RXR is set (RX FIFO >= ¾ full).
	 */
	if (cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXF)
		bcm2835_rd_fifo_blind(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE);
	else if (cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_RXR)
		bcm2835_rd_fifo_blind(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE_3_4);

	if (bs->tx_len && cs & BCM2835_SPI_CS_DONE)
		bcm2835_wr_fifo_blind(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE);

	/* Read as many bytes as possible from FIFO */
	bcm2835_rd_fifo(bs);
	/* Write as many bytes as possible to FIFO */
	bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs);

	if (!bs->rx_len) {
		/* Transfer complete - reset SPI HW */
		bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
		/* wake up the framework */
		complete(&master->xfer_completion);
	}

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_irq(struct spi_master *master,
					struct spi_device *spi,
					struct spi_transfer *tfr,
					u32 cs, bool fifo_empty)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	/*
	 * Enable HW block, but with interrupts still disabled.
	 * Otherwise the empty TX FIFO would immediately trigger an interrupt.
	 */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);

	/* fill TX FIFO as much as possible */
	if (fifo_empty)
		bcm2835_wr_fifo_blind(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE);
	bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs);

	/* enable interrupts */
	cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTR | BCM2835_SPI_CS_INTD | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA;
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);

	/* signal that we need to wait for completion */
	return 1;
}

/**
 * bcm2835_spi_transfer_prologue() - transfer first few bytes without DMA
 * @master: SPI master
 * @tfr: SPI transfer
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 * @cs: CS register
 *
 * A limitation in DMA mode is that the FIFO must be accessed in 4 byte chunks.
 * Only the final write access is permitted to transmit less than 4 bytes, the
 * SPI controller deduces its intended size from the DLEN register.
 *
 * If a TX or RX sglist contains multiple entries, one per page, and the first
 * entry starts in the middle of a page, that first entry's length may not be
 * a multiple of 4.  Subsequent entries are fine because they span an entire
 * page, hence do have a length that's a multiple of 4.
 *
 * This cannot happen with kmalloc'ed buffers (which is what most clients use)
 * because they are contiguous in physical memory and therefore not split on
 * page boundaries by spi_map_buf().  But it *can* happen with vmalloc'ed
 * buffers.
 *
 * The DMA engine is incapable of combining sglist entries into a continuous
 * stream of 4 byte chunks, it treats every entry separately:  A TX entry is
 * rounded up a to a multiple of 4 bytes by transmitting surplus bytes, an RX
 * entry is rounded up by throwing away received bytes.
 *
 * Overcome this limitation by transferring the first few bytes without DMA:
 * E.g. if the first TX sglist entry's length is 23 and the first RX's is 42,
 * write 3 bytes to the TX FIFO but read only 2 bytes from the RX FIFO.
 * The residue of 1 byte in the RX FIFO is picked up by DMA.  Together with
 * the rest of the first RX sglist entry it makes up a multiple of 4 bytes.
 *
 * Should the RX prologue be larger, say, 3 vis-à-vis a TX prologue of 1,
 * write 1 + 4 = 5 bytes to the TX FIFO and read 3 bytes from the RX FIFO.
 * Caution, the additional 4 bytes spill over to the second TX sglist entry
 * if the length of the first is *exactly* 1.
 *
 * At most 6 bytes are written and at most 3 bytes read.  Do we know the
 * transfer has this many bytes?  Yes, see BCM2835_SPI_DMA_MIN_LENGTH.
 *
 * The FIFO is normally accessed with 8-bit width by the CPU and 32-bit width
 * by the DMA engine.  Toggling the DMA Enable flag in the CS register switches
 * the width but also garbles the FIFO's contents.  The prologue must therefore
 * be transmitted in 32-bit width to ensure that the following DMA transfer can
 * pick up the residue in the RX FIFO in ungarbled form.
 */
static void bcm2835_spi_transfer_prologue(struct spi_master *master,
					  struct spi_transfer *tfr,
					  struct bcm2835_spi *bs,
					  u32 cs)
{
	int tx_remaining;

	bs->tfr		 = tfr;
	bs->tx_prologue  = 0;
	bs->rx_prologue  = 0;
	bs->tx_spillover = false;

	if (!sg_is_last(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0]))
		bs->tx_prologue = sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0]) & 3;

	if (!sg_is_last(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0])) {
		bs->rx_prologue = sg_dma_len(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0]) & 3;

		if (bs->rx_prologue > bs->tx_prologue) {
			if (sg_is_last(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0])) {
				bs->tx_prologue  = bs->rx_prologue;
			} else {
				bs->tx_prologue += 4;
				bs->tx_spillover =
					!(sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0]) & ~3);
			}
		}
	}

	/* rx_prologue > 0 implies tx_prologue > 0, so check only the latter */
	if (!bs->tx_prologue)
		return;

	/* Write and read RX prologue.  Adjust first entry in RX sglist. */
	if (bs->rx_prologue) {
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_DLEN, bs->rx_prologue);
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA
						  | BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN);
		bcm2835_wr_fifo_count(bs, bs->rx_prologue);
		bcm2835_wait_tx_fifo_empty(bs);
		bcm2835_rd_fifo_count(bs, bs->rx_prologue);
		bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);

		dma_sync_single_for_device(master->dma_rx->device->dev,
					   sg_dma_address(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0]),
					   bs->rx_prologue, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);

		sg_dma_address(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0]) += bs->rx_prologue;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0])     -= bs->rx_prologue;
	}

	/*
	 * Write remaining TX prologue.  Adjust first entry in TX sglist.
	 * Also adjust second entry if prologue spills over to it.
	 */
	tx_remaining = bs->tx_prologue - bs->rx_prologue;
	if (tx_remaining) {
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_DLEN, tx_remaining);
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA
						  | BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN);
		bcm2835_wr_fifo_count(bs, tx_remaining);
		bcm2835_wait_tx_fifo_empty(bs);
		bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);
	}

	if (likely(!bs->tx_spillover)) {
		sg_dma_address(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0]) += bs->tx_prologue;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0])     -= bs->tx_prologue;
	} else {
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0])      = 0;
		sg_dma_address(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[1]) += 4;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[1])     -= 4;
	}
}

/**
 * bcm2835_spi_undo_prologue() - reconstruct original sglist state
 * @bs: BCM2835 SPI controller
 *
 * Undo changes which were made to an SPI transfer's sglist when transmitting
 * the prologue.  This is necessary to ensure the same memory ranges are
 * unmapped that were originally mapped.
 */
static void bcm2835_spi_undo_prologue(struct bcm2835_spi *bs)
{
	struct spi_transfer *tfr = bs->tfr;

	if (!bs->tx_prologue)
		return;

	if (bs->rx_prologue) {
		sg_dma_address(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0]) -= bs->rx_prologue;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->rx_sg.sgl[0])     += bs->rx_prologue;
	}

	if (likely(!bs->tx_spillover)) {
		sg_dma_address(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0]) -= bs->tx_prologue;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0])     += bs->tx_prologue;
	} else {
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[0])      = bs->tx_prologue - 4;
		sg_dma_address(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[1]) -= 4;
		sg_dma_len(&tfr->tx_sg.sgl[1])     += 4;
	}
}

static void bcm2835_spi_dma_done(void *data)
{
	struct spi_master *master = data;
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	/* reset fifo and HW */
	bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);

	/* and terminate tx-dma as we do not have an irq for it
	 * because when the rx dma will terminate and this callback
	 * is called the tx-dma must have finished - can't get to this
	 * situation otherwise...
	 */
	if (cmpxchg(&bs->dma_pending, true, false)) {
		dmaengine_terminate_async(master->dma_tx);
		bcm2835_spi_undo_prologue(bs);
	}

	/* and mark as completed */;
	complete(&master->xfer_completion);
}

static int bcm2835_spi_prepare_sg(struct spi_master *master,
				  struct spi_transfer *tfr,
				  bool is_tx)
{
	struct dma_chan *chan;
	struct scatterlist *sgl;
	unsigned int nents;
	enum dma_transfer_direction dir;
	unsigned long flags;

	struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc;
	dma_cookie_t cookie;

	if (is_tx) {
		dir   = DMA_MEM_TO_DEV;
		chan  = master->dma_tx;
		nents = tfr->tx_sg.nents;
		sgl   = tfr->tx_sg.sgl;
		flags = 0 /* no  tx interrupt */;

	} else {
		dir   = DMA_DEV_TO_MEM;
		chan  = master->dma_rx;
		nents = tfr->rx_sg.nents;
		sgl   = tfr->rx_sg.sgl;
		flags = DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT;
	}
	/* prepare the channel */
	desc = dmaengine_prep_slave_sg(chan, sgl, nents, dir, flags);
	if (!desc)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* set callback for rx */
	if (!is_tx) {
		desc->callback = bcm2835_spi_dma_done;
		desc->callback_param = master;
	}

	/* submit it to DMA-engine */
	cookie = dmaengine_submit(desc);

	return dma_submit_error(cookie);
}

static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_dma(struct spi_master *master,
					struct spi_device *spi,
					struct spi_transfer *tfr,
					u32 cs)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	int ret;

	/*
	 * Transfer first few bytes without DMA if length of first TX or RX
	 * sglist entry is not a multiple of 4 bytes (hardware limitation).
	 */
	bcm2835_spi_transfer_prologue(master, tfr, bs, cs);

	/* setup tx-DMA */
	ret = bcm2835_spi_prepare_sg(master, tfr, true);
	if (ret)
		goto err_reset_hw;

	/* start TX early */
	dma_async_issue_pending(master->dma_tx);

	/* mark as dma pending */
	bs->dma_pending = 1;

	/* set the DMA length */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_DLEN, bs->tx_len);

	/* start the HW */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
		   cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA | BCM2835_SPI_CS_DMAEN);

	/* setup rx-DMA late - to run transfers while
	 * mapping of the rx buffers still takes place
	 * this saves 10us or more.
	 */
	ret = bcm2835_spi_prepare_sg(master, tfr, false);
	if (ret) {
		/* need to reset on errors */
		dmaengine_terminate_sync(master->dma_tx);
		bs->dma_pending = false;
		goto err_reset_hw;
	}

	/* start rx dma late */
	dma_async_issue_pending(master->dma_rx);

	/* wait for wakeup in framework */
	return 1;

err_reset_hw:
	bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
	bcm2835_spi_undo_prologue(bs);
	return ret;
}

static bool bcm2835_spi_can_dma(struct spi_master *master,
				struct spi_device *spi,
				struct spi_transfer *tfr)
{
	/* we start DMA efforts only on bigger transfers */
	if (tfr->len < BCM2835_SPI_DMA_MIN_LENGTH)
		return false;

	/* return OK */
	return true;
}

static void bcm2835_dma_release(struct spi_master *master)
{
	if (master->dma_tx) {
		dmaengine_terminate_sync(master->dma_tx);
		dma_release_channel(master->dma_tx);
		master->dma_tx = NULL;
	}
	if (master->dma_rx) {
		dmaengine_terminate_sync(master->dma_rx);
		dma_release_channel(master->dma_rx);
		master->dma_rx = NULL;
	}
}

static void bcm2835_dma_init(struct spi_master *master, struct device *dev)
{
	struct dma_slave_config slave_config;
	const __be32 *addr;
	dma_addr_t dma_reg_base;
	int ret;

	/* base address in dma-space */
	addr = of_get_address(master->dev.of_node, 0, NULL, NULL);
	if (!addr) {
		dev_err(dev, "could not get DMA-register address - not using dma mode\n");
		goto err;
	}
	dma_reg_base = be32_to_cpup(addr);

	/* get tx/rx dma */
	master->dma_tx = dma_request_slave_channel(dev, "tx");
	if (!master->dma_tx) {
		dev_err(dev, "no tx-dma configuration found - not using dma mode\n");
		goto err;
	}
	master->dma_rx = dma_request_slave_channel(dev, "rx");
	if (!master->dma_rx) {
		dev_err(dev, "no rx-dma configuration found - not using dma mode\n");
		goto err_release;
	}

	/* configure DMAs */
	slave_config.direction = DMA_MEM_TO_DEV;
	slave_config.dst_addr = (u32)(dma_reg_base + BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
	slave_config.dst_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES;

	ret = dmaengine_slave_config(master->dma_tx, &slave_config);
	if (ret)
		goto err_config;

	slave_config.direction = DMA_DEV_TO_MEM;
	slave_config.src_addr = (u32)(dma_reg_base + BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
	slave_config.src_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES;

	ret = dmaengine_slave_config(master->dma_rx, &slave_config);
	if (ret)
		goto err_config;

	/* all went well, so set can_dma */
	master->can_dma = bcm2835_spi_can_dma;
	/* need to do TX AND RX DMA, so we need dummy buffers */
	master->flags = SPI_MASTER_MUST_RX | SPI_MASTER_MUST_TX;

	return;

err_config:
	dev_err(dev, "issue configuring dma: %d - not using DMA mode\n",
		ret);
err_release:
	bcm2835_dma_release(master);
err:
	return;
}

static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_poll(struct spi_master *master,
					 struct spi_device *spi,
					 struct spi_transfer *tfr,
					 u32 cs,
					 unsigned long long xfer_time_us)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	unsigned long timeout;

	/* enable HW block without interrupts */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs | BCM2835_SPI_CS_TA);

	/* fill in the fifo before timeout calculations
	 * if we are interrupted here, then the data is
	 * getting transferred by the HW while we are interrupted
	 */
	bcm2835_wr_fifo_blind(bs, BCM2835_SPI_FIFO_SIZE);

	/* set the timeout */
	timeout = jiffies + BCM2835_SPI_POLLING_JIFFIES;

	/* loop until finished the transfer */
	while (bs->rx_len) {
		/* fill in tx fifo with remaining data */
		bcm2835_wr_fifo(bs);

		/* read from fifo as much as possible */
		bcm2835_rd_fifo(bs);

		/* if there is still data pending to read
		 * then check the timeout
		 */
		if (bs->rx_len && time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
			dev_dbg_ratelimited(&spi->dev,
					    "timeout period reached: jiffies: %lu remaining tx/rx: %d/%d - falling back to interrupt mode\n",
					    jiffies - timeout,
					    bs->tx_len, bs->rx_len);
			/* fall back to interrupt mode */
			return bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_irq(master, spi,
							    tfr, cs, false);
		}
	}

	/* Transfer complete - reset SPI HW */
	bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
	/* and return without waiting for completion */
	return 0;
}

static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_master *master,
				    struct spi_device *spi,
				    struct spi_transfer *tfr)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	unsigned long spi_hz, clk_hz, cdiv;
	unsigned long spi_used_hz;
	unsigned long long xfer_time_us;
	u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);

	/* set clock */
	spi_hz = tfr->speed_hz;
	clk_hz = clk_get_rate(bs->clk);

	if (spi_hz >= clk_hz / 2) {
		cdiv = 2; /* clk_hz/2 is the fastest we can go */
	} else if (spi_hz) {
		/* CDIV must be a multiple of two */
		cdiv = DIV_ROUND_UP(clk_hz, spi_hz);
		cdiv += (cdiv % 2);

		if (cdiv >= 65536)
			cdiv = 0; /* 0 is the slowest we can go */
	} else {
		cdiv = 0; /* 0 is the slowest we can go */
	}
	spi_used_hz = cdiv ? (clk_hz / cdiv) : (clk_hz / 65536);
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CLK, cdiv);

	/* handle all the 3-wire mode */
	if ((spi->mode & SPI_3WIRE) && (tfr->rx_buf))
		cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_REN;
	else
		cs &= ~BCM2835_SPI_CS_REN;

	/*
	 * The driver always uses software-controlled GPIO Chip Select.
	 * Set the hardware-controlled native Chip Select to an invalid
	 * value to prevent it from interfering.
	 */
	cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_10 | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CS_01;

	/* set transmit buffers and length */
	bs->tx_buf = tfr->tx_buf;
	bs->rx_buf = tfr->rx_buf;
	bs->tx_len = tfr->len;
	bs->rx_len = tfr->len;

	/* calculate the estimated time in us the transfer runs */
	xfer_time_us = (unsigned long long)tfr->len
		* 9 /* clocks/byte - SPI-HW waits 1 clock after each byte */
		* 1000000;
	do_div(xfer_time_us, spi_used_hz);

	/* for short requests run polling*/
	if (xfer_time_us <= BCM2835_SPI_POLLING_LIMIT_US)
		return bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_poll(master, spi, tfr,
						     cs, xfer_time_us);

	/* run in dma mode if conditions are right */
	if (master->can_dma && bcm2835_spi_can_dma(master, spi, tfr))
		return bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_dma(master, spi, tfr, cs);

	/* run in interrupt-mode */
	return bcm2835_spi_transfer_one_irq(master, spi, tfr, cs, true);
}

static int bcm2835_spi_prepare_message(struct spi_master *master,
				       struct spi_message *msg)
{
	struct spi_device *spi = msg->spi;
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
	u32 cs = bcm2835_rd(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS);
	int ret;

	/*
	 * DMA transfers are limited to 16 bit (0 to 65535 bytes) by the SPI HW
	 * due to DLEN. Split up transfers (32-bit FIFO aligned) if the limit is
	 * exceeded.
	 */
	ret = spi_split_transfers_maxsize(master, msg, 65532,
					  GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	cs &= ~(BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA);

	if (spi->mode & SPI_CPOL)
		cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPOL;
	if (spi->mode & SPI_CPHA)
		cs |= BCM2835_SPI_CS_CPHA;

	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS, cs);

	return 0;
}

static void bcm2835_spi_handle_err(struct spi_master *master,
				   struct spi_message *msg)
{
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	/* if an error occurred and we have an active dma, then terminate */
	if (cmpxchg(&bs->dma_pending, true, false)) {
		dmaengine_terminate_sync(master->dma_tx);
		dmaengine_terminate_sync(master->dma_rx);
		bcm2835_spi_undo_prologue(bs);
	}
	/* and reset */
	bcm2835_spi_reset_hw(master);
}

static int chip_match_name(struct gpio_chip *chip, void *data)
{
	return !strcmp(chip->label, data);
}

static int bcm2835_spi_setup(struct spi_device *spi)
{
	int err;
	struct gpio_chip *chip;
	/*
	 * sanity checking the native-chipselects
	 */
	if (spi->mode & SPI_NO_CS)
		return 0;
	if (gpio_is_valid(spi->cs_gpio))
		return 0;
	if (spi->chip_select > 1) {
		/* error in the case of native CS requested with CS > 1
		 * officially there is a CS2, but it is not documented
		 * which GPIO is connected with that...
		 */
		dev_err(&spi->dev,
			"setup: only two native chip-selects are supported\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	/* now translate native cs to GPIO */

	/* get the gpio chip for the base */
	chip = gpiochip_find("pinctrl-bcm2835", chip_match_name);
	if (!chip)
		return 0;

	/* and calculate the real CS */
	spi->cs_gpio = chip->base + 8 - spi->chip_select;

	/* and set up the "mode" and level */
	dev_info(&spi->dev, "setting up native-CS%i as GPIO %i\n",
		 spi->chip_select, spi->cs_gpio);

	/* set up GPIO as output and pull to the correct level */
	err = gpio_direction_output(spi->cs_gpio,
				    (spi->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH) ? 0 : 1);
	if (err) {
		dev_err(&spi->dev,
			"could not set CS%i gpio %i as output: %i",
			spi->chip_select, spi->cs_gpio, err);
		return err;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int bcm2835_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct spi_master *master;
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs;
	struct resource *res;
	int err;

	master = spi_alloc_master(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*bs));
	if (!master) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "spi_alloc_master() failed\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, master);

	master->mode_bits = BCM2835_SPI_MODE_BITS;
	master->bits_per_word_mask = SPI_BPW_MASK(8);
	master->num_chipselect = 3;
	master->setup = bcm2835_spi_setup;
	master->transfer_one = bcm2835_spi_transfer_one;
	master->handle_err = bcm2835_spi_handle_err;
	master->prepare_message = bcm2835_spi_prepare_message;
	master->dev.of_node = pdev->dev.of_node;

	bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
	bs->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
	if (IS_ERR(bs->regs)) {
		err = PTR_ERR(bs->regs);
		goto out_master_put;
	}

	bs->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
	if (IS_ERR(bs->clk)) {
		err = PTR_ERR(bs->clk);
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not get clk: %d\n", err);
		goto out_master_put;
	}

	bs->irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
	if (bs->irq <= 0) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not get IRQ: %d\n", bs->irq);
		err = bs->irq ? bs->irq : -ENODEV;
		goto out_master_put;
	}

	clk_prepare_enable(bs->clk);

	bcm2835_dma_init(master, &pdev->dev);

	/* initialise the hardware with the default polarities */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
		   BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);

	err = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, bs->irq, bcm2835_spi_interrupt, 0,
			       dev_name(&pdev->dev), master);
	if (err) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not request IRQ: %d\n", err);
		goto out_clk_disable;
	}

	err = devm_spi_register_master(&pdev->dev, master);
	if (err) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not register SPI master: %d\n", err);
		goto out_clk_disable;
	}

	return 0;

out_clk_disable:
	clk_disable_unprepare(bs->clk);
out_master_put:
	spi_master_put(master);
	return err;
}

static int bcm2835_spi_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct spi_master *master = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
	struct bcm2835_spi *bs = spi_master_get_devdata(master);

	/* Clear FIFOs, and disable the HW block */
	bcm2835_wr(bs, BCM2835_SPI_CS,
		   BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_RX | BCM2835_SPI_CS_CLEAR_TX);

	clk_disable_unprepare(bs->clk);

	bcm2835_dma_release(master);

	return 0;
}

static const struct of_device_id bcm2835_spi_match[] = {
	{ .compatible = "brcm,bcm2835-spi", },
	{}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, bcm2835_spi_match);

static struct platform_driver bcm2835_spi_driver = {
	.driver		= {
		.name		= DRV_NAME,
		.of_match_table	= bcm2835_spi_match,
	},
	.probe		= bcm2835_spi_probe,
	.remove		= bcm2835_spi_remove,
};
module_platform_driver(bcm2835_spi_driver);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("SPI controller driver for Broadcom BCM2835");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Chris Boot <bootc@bootc.net>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");