Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 58df55bf83ed919ae4d6372ef4769c0768310a03 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
/*
 * Read-Copy Update module-based torture test facility
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
 *
 * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2005, 2006
 *
 * Authors: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
 *	  Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>
 *
 * See also:  Documentation/RCU/torture.txt
 */
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com> and "
	      "Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>");

static int nreaders = -1;	/* # reader threads, defaults to 2*ncpus */
static int nfakewriters = 4;	/* # fake writer threads */
static int stat_interval;	/* Interval between stats, in seconds. */
				/*  Defaults to "only at end of test". */
static int verbose;		/* Print more debug info. */
static int test_no_idle_hz;	/* Test RCU's support for tickless idle CPUs. */
static int shuffle_interval = 3; /* Interval between shuffles (in sec)*/
static int stutter = 5;		/* Start/stop testing interval (in sec) */
static int irqreader = 1;	/* RCU readers from irq (timers). */
static int fqs_duration = 0;	/* Duration of bursts (us), 0 to disable. */
static int fqs_holdoff = 0;	/* Hold time within burst (us). */
static int fqs_stutter = 3;	/* Wait time between bursts (s). */
static char *torture_type = "rcu"; /* What RCU implementation to torture. */

module_param(nreaders, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nreaders, "Number of RCU reader threads");
module_param(nfakewriters, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nfakewriters, "Number of RCU fake writer threads");
module_param(stat_interval, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(stat_interval, "Number of seconds between stats printk()s");
module_param(verbose, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(verbose, "Enable verbose debugging printk()s");
module_param(test_no_idle_hz, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_no_idle_hz, "Test support for tickless idle CPUs");
module_param(shuffle_interval, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(shuffle_interval, "Number of seconds between shuffles");
module_param(stutter, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(stutter, "Number of seconds to run/halt test");
module_param(irqreader, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(irqreader, "Allow RCU readers from irq handlers");
module_param(fqs_duration, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(fqs_duration, "Duration of fqs bursts (us)");
module_param(fqs_holdoff, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(fqs_holdoff, "Holdoff time within fqs bursts (us)");
module_param(fqs_stutter, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(fqs_stutter, "Wait time between fqs bursts (s)");
module_param(torture_type, charp, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(torture_type, "Type of RCU to torture (rcu, rcu_bh, srcu)");

#define TORTURE_FLAG "-torture:"
#define PRINTK_STRING(s) \
	do { printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
#define VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(s) \
	do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
#define VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING(s) \
	do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG "!!! " s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)

static char printk_buf[4096];

static int nrealreaders;
static struct task_struct *writer_task;
static struct task_struct **fakewriter_tasks;
static struct task_struct **reader_tasks;
static struct task_struct *stats_task;
static struct task_struct *shuffler_task;
static struct task_struct *stutter_task;
static struct task_struct *fqs_task;

#define RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN 10

struct rcu_torture {
	struct rcu_head rtort_rcu;
	int rtort_pipe_count;
	struct list_head rtort_free;
	int rtort_mbtest;
};

static LIST_HEAD(rcu_torture_freelist);
static struct rcu_torture *rcu_torture_current;
static long rcu_torture_current_version;
static struct rcu_torture rcu_tortures[10 * RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN];
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rcu_torture_lock);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_count) =
	{ 0 };
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_batch) =
	{ 0 };
static atomic_t rcu_torture_wcount[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1];
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_free;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_mberror;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_error;
static long n_rcu_torture_timers;
static struct list_head rcu_torture_removed;
static cpumask_var_t shuffle_tmp_mask;

static int stutter_pause_test;

#if defined(MODULE) || defined(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_RUNNABLE)
#define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 1
#else
#define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 0
#endif
int rcutorture_runnable = RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT;

/* Mediate rmmod and system shutdown.  Concurrent rmmod & shutdown illegal! */

#define FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP 0	/* Normal operation. */
#define FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN 1	/* System shutdown with rcutorture running. */
#define FULLSTOP_RMMOD    2	/* Normal rmmod of rcutorture. */
static int fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
DEFINE_MUTEX(fullstop_mutex);	/* Protect fullstop transitions and spawning */
				/*  of kthreads. */

/*
 * Detect and respond to a system shutdown.
 */
static int
rcutorture_shutdown_notify(struct notifier_block *unused1,
			   unsigned long unused2, void *unused3)
{
	mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
	if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP)
		fullstop = FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN;
	else
		printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
		       "Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
	mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
	return NOTIFY_DONE;
}

/*
 * Absorb kthreads into a kernel function that won't return, so that
 * they won't ever access module text or data again.
 */
static void rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(char *title)
{
	if (ACCESS_ONCE(fullstop) == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
		printk(KERN_NOTICE
		       "rcutorture thread %s parking due to system shutdown\n",
		       title);
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
	}
}

/*
 * Allocate an element from the rcu_tortures pool.
 */
static struct rcu_torture *
rcu_torture_alloc(void)
{
	struct list_head *p;

	spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
	if (list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist)) {
		atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail);
		spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
		return NULL;
	}
	atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc);
	p = rcu_torture_freelist.next;
	list_del_init(p);
	spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
	return container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_free);
}

/*
 * Free an element to the rcu_tortures pool.
 */
static void
rcu_torture_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
	atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_free);
	spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
	list_add_tail(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_freelist);
	spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
}

struct rcu_random_state {
	unsigned long rrs_state;
	long rrs_count;
};

#define RCU_RANDOM_MULT 39916801  /* prime */
#define RCU_RANDOM_ADD	479001701 /* prime */
#define RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH 10000

#define DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(name) struct rcu_random_state name = { 0, 0 }

/*
 * Crude but fast random-number generator.  Uses a linear congruential
 * generator, with occasional help from cpu_clock().
 */
static unsigned long
rcu_random(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
	if (--rrsp->rrs_count < 0) {
		rrsp->rrs_state +=
			(unsigned long)cpu_clock(raw_smp_processor_id());
		rrsp->rrs_count = RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH;
	}
	rrsp->rrs_state = rrsp->rrs_state * RCU_RANDOM_MULT + RCU_RANDOM_ADD;
	return swahw32(rrsp->rrs_state);
}

static void
rcu_stutter_wait(char *title)
{
	while (stutter_pause_test || !rcutorture_runnable) {
		if (rcutorture_runnable)
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
		else
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(round_jiffies_relative(HZ));
		rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(title);
	}
}

/*
 * Operations vector for selecting different types of tests.
 */

struct rcu_torture_ops {
	void (*init)(void);
	void (*cleanup)(void);
	int (*readlock)(void);
	void (*read_delay)(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp);
	void (*readunlock)(int idx);
	int (*completed)(void);
	void (*deferred_free)(struct rcu_torture *p);
	void (*sync)(void);
	void (*cb_barrier)(void);
	void (*fqs)(void);
	int (*stats)(char *page);
	int irq_capable;
	char *name;
};

static struct rcu_torture_ops *cur_ops;

/*
 * Definitions for rcu torture testing.
 */

static int rcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU)
{
	rcu_read_lock();
	return 0;
}

static void rcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
	const unsigned long shortdelay_us = 200;
	const unsigned long longdelay_ms = 50;

	/* We want a short delay sometimes to make a reader delay the grace
	 * period, and we want a long delay occasionally to trigger
	 * force_quiescent_state. */

	if (!(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2000 * longdelay_ms)))
		mdelay(longdelay_ms);
	if (!(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * shortdelay_us)))
		udelay(shortdelay_us);
}

static void rcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU)
{
	rcu_read_unlock();
}

static int rcu_torture_completed(void)
{
	return rcu_batches_completed();
}

static void
rcu_torture_cb(struct rcu_head *p)
{
	int i;
	struct rcu_torture *rp = container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_rcu);

	if (fullstop != FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP) {
		/* Test is ending, just drop callbacks on the floor. */
		/* The next initialization will pick up the pieces. */
		return;
	}
	i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
	if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
		i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
	atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
	if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
		rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
		rcu_torture_free(rp);
	} else
		cur_ops->deferred_free(rp);
}

static int rcu_no_completed(void)
{
	return 0;
}

static void rcu_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
	call_rcu(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_ops = {
	.init		= NULL,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= rcu_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,
	.readunlock	= rcu_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= synchronize_rcu,
	.cb_barrier	= rcu_barrier,
	.fqs		= rcu_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "rcu"
};

static void rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
	int i;
	struct rcu_torture *rp;
	struct rcu_torture *rp1;

	cur_ops->sync();
	list_add(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_removed);
	list_for_each_entry_safe(rp, rp1, &rcu_torture_removed, rtort_free) {
		i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
		if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
			i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
		atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
		if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
			rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
			list_del(&rp->rtort_free);
			rcu_torture_free(rp);
		}
	}
}

static void rcu_sync_torture_init(void)
{
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_removed);
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_sync_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= rcu_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,
	.readunlock	= rcu_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= synchronize_rcu,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.fqs		= rcu_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "rcu_sync"
};

static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_expedited_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= rcu_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= rcu_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_no_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= synchronize_rcu_expedited,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.fqs		= rcu_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "rcu_expedited"
};

/*
 * Definitions for rcu_bh torture testing.
 */

static int rcu_bh_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU_BH)
{
	rcu_read_lock_bh();
	return 0;
}

static void rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU_BH)
{
	rcu_read_unlock_bh();
}

static int rcu_bh_torture_completed(void)
{
	return rcu_batches_completed_bh();
}

static void rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
	call_rcu_bh(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}

struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize {
	struct rcu_head head;
	struct completion completion;
};

static void rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb(struct rcu_head *head)
{
	struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize *rcu;

	rcu = container_of(head, struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize, head);
	complete(&rcu->completion);
}

static void rcu_bh_torture_synchronize(void)
{
	struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize rcu;

	init_completion(&rcu.completion);
	call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb);
	wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_ops = {
	.init		= NULL,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_bh_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
	.cb_barrier	= rcu_barrier_bh,
	.fqs		= rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "rcu_bh"
};

static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_sync_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_bh_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.fqs		= rcu_bh_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "rcu_bh_sync"
};

/*
 * Definitions for srcu torture testing.
 */

static struct srcu_struct srcu_ctl;

static void srcu_torture_init(void)
{
	init_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
	rcu_sync_torture_init();
}

static void srcu_torture_cleanup(void)
{
	synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
	cleanup_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
}

static int srcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(&srcu_ctl)
{
	return srcu_read_lock(&srcu_ctl);
}

static void srcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
	long delay;
	const long uspertick = 1000000 / HZ;
	const long longdelay = 10;

	/* We want there to be long-running readers, but not all the time. */

	delay = rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * longdelay * uspertick);
	if (!delay)
		schedule_timeout_interruptible(longdelay);
}

static void srcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(&srcu_ctl)
{
	srcu_read_unlock(&srcu_ctl, idx);
}

static int srcu_torture_completed(void)
{
	return srcu_batches_completed(&srcu_ctl);
}

static void srcu_torture_synchronize(void)
{
	synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
}

static int srcu_torture_stats(char *page)
{
	int cnt = 0;
	int cpu;
	int idx = srcu_ctl.completed & 0x1;

	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s per-CPU(idx=%d):",
		       torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG, idx);
	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d(%d,%d)", cpu,
			       per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[!idx],
			       per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[idx]);
	}
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
	return cnt;
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops srcu_ops = {
	.init		= srcu_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= srcu_torture_cleanup,
	.readlock	= srcu_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= srcu_read_delay,
	.readunlock	= srcu_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= srcu_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= srcu_torture_synchronize,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.stats		= srcu_torture_stats,
	.name		= "srcu"
};

static void srcu_torture_synchronize_expedited(void)
{
	synchronize_srcu_expedited(&srcu_ctl);
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops srcu_expedited_ops = {
	.init		= srcu_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= srcu_torture_cleanup,
	.readlock	= srcu_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= srcu_read_delay,
	.readunlock	= srcu_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= srcu_torture_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= srcu_torture_synchronize_expedited,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.stats		= srcu_torture_stats,
	.name		= "srcu_expedited"
};

/*
 * Definitions for sched torture testing.
 */

static int sched_torture_read_lock(void)
{
	preempt_disable();
	return 0;
}

static void sched_torture_read_unlock(int idx)
{
	preempt_enable();
}

static void rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
	call_rcu_sched(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}

static void sched_torture_synchronize(void)
{
	synchronize_sched();
}

static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= sched_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= sched_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_no_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= sched_torture_synchronize,
	.cb_barrier	= rcu_barrier_sched,
	.fqs		= rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "sched"
};

static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_sync_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= sched_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= sched_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_no_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= sched_torture_synchronize,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.fqs		= rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= NULL,
	.name		= "sched_sync"
};

static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_expedited_ops = {
	.init		= rcu_sync_torture_init,
	.cleanup	= NULL,
	.readlock	= sched_torture_read_lock,
	.read_delay	= rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
	.readunlock	= sched_torture_read_unlock,
	.completed	= rcu_no_completed,
	.deferred_free	= rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
	.sync		= synchronize_sched_expedited,
	.cb_barrier	= NULL,
	.fqs		= rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state,
	.stats		= rcu_expedited_torture_stats,
	.irq_capable	= 1,
	.name		= "sched_expedited"
};

/*
 * RCU torture force-quiescent-state kthread.  Repeatedly induces
 * bursts of calls to force_quiescent_state(), increasing the probability
 * of occurrence of some important types of race conditions.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_fqs(void *arg)
{
	unsigned long fqs_resume_time;
	int fqs_burst_remaining;

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fqs task started");
	do {
		fqs_resume_time = jiffies + fqs_stutter * HZ;
		while (jiffies - fqs_resume_time > LONG_MAX) {
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
		}
		fqs_burst_remaining = fqs_duration;
		while (fqs_burst_remaining > 0) {
			cur_ops->fqs();
			udelay(fqs_holdoff);
			fqs_burst_remaining -= fqs_holdoff;
		}
		rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_fqs");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fqs task stopping");
	rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_fqs");
	while (!kthread_should_stop())
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * RCU torture writer kthread.  Repeatedly substitutes a new structure
 * for that pointed to by rcu_torture_current, freeing the old structure
 * after a series of grace periods (the "pipeline").
 */
static int
rcu_torture_writer(void *arg)
{
	int i;
	long oldbatch = rcu_batches_completed();
	struct rcu_torture *rp;
	struct rcu_torture *old_rp;
	static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task started");
	set_user_nice(current, 19);

	do {
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
		rp = rcu_torture_alloc();
		if (rp == NULL)
			continue;
		rp->rtort_pipe_count = 0;
		udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
		old_rp = rcu_torture_current;
		rp->rtort_mbtest = 1;
		rcu_assign_pointer(rcu_torture_current, rp);
		smp_wmb(); /* Mods to old_rp must follow rcu_assign_pointer() */
		if (old_rp) {
			i = old_rp->rtort_pipe_count;
			if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
				i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
			atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
			old_rp->rtort_pipe_count++;
			cur_ops->deferred_free(old_rp);
		}
		rcu_torture_current_version++;
		oldbatch = cur_ops->completed();
		rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_writer");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task stopping");
	rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_writer");
	while (!kthread_should_stop())
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * RCU torture fake writer kthread.  Repeatedly calls sync, with a random
 * delay between calls.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_fakewriter(void *arg)
{
	DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task started");
	set_user_nice(current, 19);

	do {
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1 + rcu_random(&rand)%10);
		udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
		cur_ops->sync();
		rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task stopping");
	rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
	while (!kthread_should_stop())
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * RCU torture reader from timer handler.  Dereferences rcu_torture_current,
 * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
 * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
 * RCU implementation is broken.
 */
static void rcu_torture_timer(unsigned long unused)
{
	int idx;
	int completed;
	static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
	static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rand_lock);
	struct rcu_torture *p;
	int pipe_count;

	idx = cur_ops->readlock();
	completed = cur_ops->completed();
	p = rcu_dereference_check(rcu_torture_current,
				  rcu_read_lock_held() ||
				  rcu_read_lock_bh_held() ||
				  rcu_read_lock_sched_held() ||
				  srcu_read_lock_held(&srcu_ctl));
	if (p == NULL) {
		/* Leave because rcu_torture_writer is not yet underway */
		cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
		return;
	}
	if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
		atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
	spin_lock(&rand_lock);
	cur_ops->read_delay(&rand);
	n_rcu_torture_timers++;
	spin_unlock(&rand_lock);
	preempt_disable();
	pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
	if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
		/* Should not happen, but... */
		pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
	}
	__this_cpu_inc(rcu_torture_count[pipe_count]);
	completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
	if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
		/* Should not happen, but... */
		completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
	}
	__this_cpu_inc(rcu_torture_batch[completed]);
	preempt_enable();
	cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
}

/*
 * RCU torture reader kthread.  Repeatedly dereferences rcu_torture_current,
 * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
 * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
 * RCU implementation is broken.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
{
	int completed;
	int idx;
	DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
	struct rcu_torture *p;
	int pipe_count;
	struct timer_list t;

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task started");
	set_user_nice(current, 19);
	if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable)
		setup_timer_on_stack(&t, rcu_torture_timer, 0);

	do {
		if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable) {
			if (!timer_pending(&t))
				mod_timer(&t, jiffies + 1);
		}
		idx = cur_ops->readlock();
		completed = cur_ops->completed();
		p = rcu_dereference_check(rcu_torture_current,
					  rcu_read_lock_held() ||
					  rcu_read_lock_bh_held() ||
					  rcu_read_lock_sched_held() ||
					  srcu_read_lock_held(&srcu_ctl));
		if (p == NULL) {
			/* Wait for rcu_torture_writer to get underway */
			cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
			continue;
		}
		if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
			atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
		cur_ops->read_delay(&rand);
		preempt_disable();
		pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
		if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
			/* Should not happen, but... */
			pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
		}
		__this_cpu_inc(rcu_torture_count[pipe_count]);
		completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
		if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
			/* Should not happen, but... */
			completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
		}
		__this_cpu_inc(rcu_torture_batch[completed]);
		preempt_enable();
		cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
		schedule();
		rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_reader");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task stopping");
	rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_reader");
	if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable)
		del_timer_sync(&t);
	while (!kthread_should_stop())
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Create an RCU-torture statistics message in the specified buffer.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
{
	int cnt = 0;
	int cpu;
	int i;
	long pipesummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
	long batchsummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
			pipesummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i];
			batchsummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i];
		}
	}
	for (i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (pipesummary[i] != 0)
			break;
	}
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt],
		       "rtc: %p ver: %ld tfle: %d rta: %d rtaf: %d rtf: %d "
		       "rtmbe: %d nt: %ld",
		       rcu_torture_current,
		       rcu_torture_current_version,
		       list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist),
		       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc),
		       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail),
		       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_free),
		       atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror),
		       n_rcu_torture_timers);
	if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0)
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " !!!");
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
	if (i > 1) {
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "!!! ");
		atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_error);
		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
	}
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Pipe: ");
	for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", pipesummary[i]);
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Batch: ");
	for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", batchsummary[i]);
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Free-Block Circulation: ");
	for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
		cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d",
			       atomic_read(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]));
	}
	cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
	if (cur_ops->stats)
		cnt += cur_ops->stats(&page[cnt]);
	return cnt;
}

/*
 * Print torture statistics.  Caller must ensure that there is only
 * one call to this function at a given time!!!  This is normally
 * accomplished by relying on the module system to only have one copy
 * of the module loaded, and then by giving the rcu_torture_stats
 * kthread full control (or the init/cleanup functions when rcu_torture_stats
 * thread is not running).
 */
static void
rcu_torture_stats_print(void)
{
	int cnt;

	cnt = rcu_torture_printk(printk_buf);
	printk(KERN_ALERT "%s", printk_buf);
}

/*
 * Periodically prints torture statistics, if periodic statistics printing
 * was specified via the stat_interval module parameter.
 *
 * No need to worry about fullstop here, since this one doesn't reference
 * volatile state or register callbacks.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_stats(void *arg)
{
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task started");
	do {
		schedule_timeout_interruptible(stat_interval * HZ);
		rcu_torture_stats_print();
		rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stats");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop());
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task stopping");
	return 0;
}

static int rcu_idle_cpu;	/* Force all torture tasks off this CPU */

/* Shuffle tasks such that we allow @rcu_idle_cpu to become idle. A special case
 * is when @rcu_idle_cpu = -1, when we allow the tasks to run on all CPUs.
 */
static void rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks(void)
{
	int i;

	cpumask_setall(shuffle_tmp_mask);
	get_online_cpus();

	/* No point in shuffling if there is only one online CPU (ex: UP) */
	if (num_online_cpus() == 1) {
		put_online_cpus();
		return;
	}

	if (rcu_idle_cpu != -1)
		cpumask_clear_cpu(rcu_idle_cpu, shuffle_tmp_mask);

	set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, shuffle_tmp_mask);

	if (reader_tasks) {
		for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++)
			if (reader_tasks[i])
				set_cpus_allowed_ptr(reader_tasks[i],
						     shuffle_tmp_mask);
	}

	if (fakewriter_tasks) {
		for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++)
			if (fakewriter_tasks[i])
				set_cpus_allowed_ptr(fakewriter_tasks[i],
						     shuffle_tmp_mask);
	}

	if (writer_task)
		set_cpus_allowed_ptr(writer_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);

	if (stats_task)
		set_cpus_allowed_ptr(stats_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);

	if (rcu_idle_cpu == -1)
		rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;
	else
		rcu_idle_cpu--;

	put_online_cpus();
}

/* Shuffle tasks across CPUs, with the intent of allowing each CPU in the
 * system to become idle at a time and cut off its timer ticks. This is meant
 * to test the support for such tickless idle CPU in RCU.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_shuffle(void *arg)
{
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task started");
	do {
		schedule_timeout_interruptible(shuffle_interval * HZ);
		rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks();
		rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_shuffle");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop());
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task stopping");
	return 0;
}

/* Cause the rcutorture test to "stutter", starting and stopping all
 * threads periodically.
 */
static int
rcu_torture_stutter(void *arg)
{
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task started");
	do {
		schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
		stutter_pause_test = 1;
		if (!kthread_should_stop())
			schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
		stutter_pause_test = 0;
		rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stutter");
	} while (!kthread_should_stop());
	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task stopping");
	return 0;
}

static inline void
rcu_torture_print_module_parms(char *tag)
{
	printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG
		"--- %s: nreaders=%d nfakewriters=%d "
		"stat_interval=%d verbose=%d test_no_idle_hz=%d "
		"shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d irqreader=%d "
		"fqs_duration=%d fqs_holdoff=%d fqs_stutter=%d\n",
		torture_type, tag, nrealreaders, nfakewriters,
		stat_interval, verbose, test_no_idle_hz, shuffle_interval,
		stutter, irqreader, fqs_duration, fqs_holdoff, fqs_stutter);
}

static struct notifier_block rcutorture_nb = {
	.notifier_call = rcutorture_shutdown_notify,
};

static void
rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
{
	int i;

	mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
	if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
		printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
		       "Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
		mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
		schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(10);
		if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
			cur_ops->cb_barrier();
		return;
	}
	fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
	mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
	unregister_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
	if (stutter_task) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stutter task");
		kthread_stop(stutter_task);
	}
	stutter_task = NULL;
	if (shuffler_task) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_shuffle task");
		kthread_stop(shuffler_task);
		free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
	}
	shuffler_task = NULL;

	if (writer_task) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_writer task");
		kthread_stop(writer_task);
	}
	writer_task = NULL;

	if (reader_tasks) {
		for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
			if (reader_tasks[i]) {
				VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
					"Stopping rcu_torture_reader task");
				kthread_stop(reader_tasks[i]);
			}
			reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
		}
		kfree(reader_tasks);
		reader_tasks = NULL;
	}
	rcu_torture_current = NULL;

	if (fakewriter_tasks) {
		for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
			if (fakewriter_tasks[i]) {
				VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
					"Stopping rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
				kthread_stop(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
			}
			fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
		}
		kfree(fakewriter_tasks);
		fakewriter_tasks = NULL;
	}

	if (stats_task) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stats task");
		kthread_stop(stats_task);
	}
	stats_task = NULL;

	if (fqs_task) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_fqs task");
		kthread_stop(fqs_task);
	}
	fqs_task = NULL;

	/* Wait for all RCU callbacks to fire.  */

	if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
		cur_ops->cb_barrier();

	rcu_torture_stats_print();  /* -After- the stats thread is stopped! */

	if (cur_ops->cleanup)
		cur_ops->cleanup();
	if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_error))
		rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: FAILURE");
	else
		rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: SUCCESS");
}

static int __init
rcu_torture_init(void)
{
	int i;
	int cpu;
	int firsterr = 0;
	static struct rcu_torture_ops *torture_ops[] =
		{ &rcu_ops, &rcu_sync_ops, &rcu_expedited_ops,
		  &rcu_bh_ops, &rcu_bh_sync_ops,
		  &srcu_ops, &srcu_expedited_ops,
		  &sched_ops, &sched_sync_ops, &sched_expedited_ops, };

	mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);

	/* Process args and tell the world that the torturer is on the job. */
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops); i++) {
		cur_ops = torture_ops[i];
		if (strcmp(torture_type, cur_ops->name) == 0)
			break;
	}
	if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops)) {
		printk(KERN_ALERT "rcu-torture: invalid torture type: \"%s\"\n",
		       torture_type);
		printk(KERN_ALERT "rcu-torture types:");
		for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops); i++)
			printk(KERN_ALERT " %s", torture_ops[i]->name);
		printk(KERN_ALERT "\n");
		mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	if (cur_ops->fqs == NULL && fqs_duration != 0) {
		printk(KERN_ALERT "rcu-torture: ->fqs NULL and non-zero "
				  "fqs_duration, fqs disabled.\n");
		fqs_duration = 0;
	}
	if (cur_ops->init)
		cur_ops->init(); /* no "goto unwind" prior to this point!!! */

	if (nreaders >= 0)
		nrealreaders = nreaders;
	else
		nrealreaders = 2 * num_online_cpus();
	rcu_torture_print_module_parms("Start of test");
	fullstop = FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP;

	/* Set up the freelist. */

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_freelist);
	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(rcu_tortures); i++) {
		rcu_tortures[i].rtort_mbtest = 0;
		list_add_tail(&rcu_tortures[i].rtort_free,
			      &rcu_torture_freelist);
	}

	/* Initialize the statistics so that each run gets its own numbers. */

	rcu_torture_current = NULL;
	rcu_torture_current_version = 0;
	atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc, 0);
	atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail, 0);
	atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_free, 0);
	atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_mberror, 0);
	atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_error, 0);
	for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
		atomic_set(&rcu_torture_wcount[i], 0);
	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
		for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
			per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i] = 0;
			per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i] = 0;
		}
	}

	/* Start up the kthreads. */

	VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_writer task");
	writer_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_writer, NULL,
				  "rcu_torture_writer");
	if (IS_ERR(writer_task)) {
		firsterr = PTR_ERR(writer_task);
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create writer");
		writer_task = NULL;
		goto unwind;
	}
	fakewriter_tasks = kzalloc(nfakewriters * sizeof(fakewriter_tasks[0]),
				   GFP_KERNEL);
	if (fakewriter_tasks == NULL) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
		firsterr = -ENOMEM;
		goto unwind;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
		fakewriter_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_fakewriter, NULL,
						  "rcu_torture_fakewriter");
		if (IS_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i])) {
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create fakewriter");
			fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	reader_tasks = kzalloc(nrealreaders * sizeof(reader_tasks[0]),
			       GFP_KERNEL);
	if (reader_tasks == NULL) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
		firsterr = -ENOMEM;
		goto unwind;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_reader task");
		reader_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_reader, NULL,
					      "rcu_torture_reader");
		if (IS_ERR(reader_tasks[i])) {
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(reader_tasks[i]);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create reader");
			reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	if (stat_interval > 0) {
		VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_stats task");
		stats_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stats, NULL,
					"rcu_torture_stats");
		if (IS_ERR(stats_task)) {
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(stats_task);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stats");
			stats_task = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	if (test_no_idle_hz) {
		rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;

		if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&shuffle_tmp_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) {
			firsterr = -ENOMEM;
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to alloc mask");
			goto unwind;
		}

		/* Create the shuffler thread */
		shuffler_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_shuffle, NULL,
					  "rcu_torture_shuffle");
		if (IS_ERR(shuffler_task)) {
			free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(shuffler_task);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create shuffler");
			shuffler_task = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	if (stutter < 0)
		stutter = 0;
	if (stutter) {
		/* Create the stutter thread */
		stutter_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stutter, NULL,
					  "rcu_torture_stutter");
		if (IS_ERR(stutter_task)) {
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(stutter_task);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stutter");
			stutter_task = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	if (fqs_duration < 0)
		fqs_duration = 0;
	if (fqs_duration) {
		/* Create the stutter thread */
		fqs_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_fqs, NULL,
				       "rcu_torture_fqs");
		if (IS_ERR(fqs_task)) {
			firsterr = PTR_ERR(fqs_task);
			VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create fqs");
			fqs_task = NULL;
			goto unwind;
		}
	}
	register_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
	mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
	return 0;

unwind:
	mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
	rcu_torture_cleanup();
	return firsterr;
}

module_init(rcu_torture_init);
module_exit(rcu_torture_cleanup);