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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Memory mapped I/O tracing
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Pekka Paalanen <pq@iki.fi>
 */

#define DEBUG 1

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mmiotrace.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/time.h>

#include <linux/atomic.h>

#include "trace.h"
#include "trace_output.h"

struct header_iter {
	struct pci_dev *dev;
};

static struct trace_array *mmio_trace_array;
static bool overrun_detected;
static unsigned long prev_overruns;
static atomic_t dropped_count;

static void mmio_reset_data(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	overrun_detected = false;
	prev_overruns = 0;

	tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->trace_buffer);
}

static int mmio_trace_init(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);
	mmio_trace_array = tr;

	mmio_reset_data(tr);
	enable_mmiotrace();
	return 0;
}

static void mmio_trace_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);

	disable_mmiotrace();
	mmio_reset_data(tr);
	mmio_trace_array = NULL;
}

static void mmio_trace_start(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);
	mmio_reset_data(tr);
}

static void mmio_print_pcidev(struct trace_seq *s, const struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	int i;
	resource_size_t start, end;
	const struct pci_driver *drv = pci_dev_driver(dev);

	trace_seq_printf(s, "PCIDEV %02x%02x %04x%04x %x",
			 dev->bus->number, dev->devfn,
			 dev->vendor, dev->device, dev->irq);
	for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
		start = dev->resource[i].start;
		trace_seq_printf(s, " %llx",
			(unsigned long long)(start |
			(dev->resource[i].flags & PCI_REGION_FLAG_MASK)));
	}
	for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
		start = dev->resource[i].start;
		end = dev->resource[i].end;
		trace_seq_printf(s, " %llx",
			dev->resource[i].start < dev->resource[i].end ?
			(unsigned long long)(end - start) + 1 : 0);
	}
	if (drv)
		trace_seq_printf(s, " %s\n", drv->name);
	else
		trace_seq_puts(s, " \n");
}

static void destroy_header_iter(struct header_iter *hiter)
{
	if (!hiter)
		return;
	pci_dev_put(hiter->dev);
	kfree(hiter);
}

static void mmio_pipe_open(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	struct header_iter *hiter;
	struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;

	trace_seq_puts(s, "VERSION 20070824\n");

	hiter = kzalloc(sizeof(*hiter), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!hiter)
		return;

	hiter->dev = pci_get_device(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, NULL);
	iter->private = hiter;
}

/* XXX: This is not called when the pipe is closed! */
static void mmio_close(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	struct header_iter *hiter = iter->private;
	destroy_header_iter(hiter);
	iter->private = NULL;
}

static unsigned long count_overruns(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	unsigned long cnt = atomic_xchg(&dropped_count, 0);
	unsigned long over = ring_buffer_overruns(iter->trace_buffer->buffer);

	if (over > prev_overruns)
		cnt += over - prev_overruns;
	prev_overruns = over;
	return cnt;
}

static ssize_t mmio_read(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct file *filp,
				char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
{
	ssize_t ret;
	struct header_iter *hiter = iter->private;
	struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq;
	unsigned long n;

	n = count_overruns(iter);
	if (n) {
		/* XXX: This is later than where events were lost. */
		trace_seq_printf(s, "MARK 0.000000 Lost %lu events.\n", n);
		if (!overrun_detected)
			pr_warn("mmiotrace has lost events\n");
		overrun_detected = true;
		goto print_out;
	}

	if (!hiter)
		return 0;

	mmio_print_pcidev(s, hiter->dev);
	hiter->dev = pci_get_device(PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, hiter->dev);

	if (!hiter->dev) {
		destroy_header_iter(hiter);
		iter->private = NULL;
	}

print_out:
	ret = trace_seq_to_user(s, ubuf, cnt);
	return (ret == -EBUSY) ? 0 : ret;
}

static enum print_line_t mmio_print_rw(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	struct trace_entry *entry = iter->ent;
	struct trace_mmiotrace_rw *field;
	struct mmiotrace_rw *rw;
	struct trace_seq *s	= &iter->seq;
	unsigned long long t	= ns2usecs(iter->ts);
	unsigned long usec_rem	= do_div(t, USEC_PER_SEC);
	unsigned secs		= (unsigned long)t;

	trace_assign_type(field, entry);
	rw = &field->rw;

	switch (rw->opcode) {
	case MMIO_READ:
		trace_seq_printf(s,
			"R %d %u.%06lu %d 0x%llx 0x%lx 0x%lx %d\n",
			rw->width, secs, usec_rem, rw->map_id,
			(unsigned long long)rw->phys,
			rw->value, rw->pc, 0);
		break;
	case MMIO_WRITE:
		trace_seq_printf(s,
			"W %d %u.%06lu %d 0x%llx 0x%lx 0x%lx %d\n",
			rw->width, secs, usec_rem, rw->map_id,
			(unsigned long long)rw->phys,
			rw->value, rw->pc, 0);
		break;
	case MMIO_UNKNOWN_OP:
		trace_seq_printf(s,
			"UNKNOWN %u.%06lu %d 0x%llx %02lx,%02lx,"
			"%02lx 0x%lx %d\n",
			secs, usec_rem, rw->map_id,
			(unsigned long long)rw->phys,
			(rw->value >> 16) & 0xff, (rw->value >> 8) & 0xff,
			(rw->value >> 0) & 0xff, rw->pc, 0);
		break;
	default:
		trace_seq_puts(s, "rw what?\n");
		break;
	}

	return trace_handle_return(s);
}

static enum print_line_t mmio_print_map(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	struct trace_entry *entry = iter->ent;
	struct trace_mmiotrace_map *field;
	struct mmiotrace_map *m;
	struct trace_seq *s	= &iter->seq;
	unsigned long long t	= ns2usecs(iter->ts);
	unsigned long usec_rem	= do_div(t, USEC_PER_SEC);
	unsigned secs		= (unsigned long)t;

	trace_assign_type(field, entry);
	m = &field->map;

	switch (m->opcode) {
	case MMIO_PROBE:
		trace_seq_printf(s,
			"MAP %u.%06lu %d 0x%llx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx %d\n",
			secs, usec_rem, m->map_id,
			(unsigned long long)m->phys, m->virt, m->len,
			0UL, 0);
		break;
	case MMIO_UNPROBE:
		trace_seq_printf(s,
			"UNMAP %u.%06lu %d 0x%lx %d\n",
			secs, usec_rem, m->map_id, 0UL, 0);
		break;
	default:
		trace_seq_puts(s, "map what?\n");
		break;
	}

	return trace_handle_return(s);
}

static enum print_line_t mmio_print_mark(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	struct trace_entry *entry = iter->ent;
	struct print_entry *print = (struct print_entry *)entry;
	const char *msg		= print->buf;
	struct trace_seq *s	= &iter->seq;
	unsigned long long t	= ns2usecs(iter->ts);
	unsigned long usec_rem	= do_div(t, USEC_PER_SEC);
	unsigned secs		= (unsigned long)t;

	/* The trailing newline must be in the message. */
	trace_seq_printf(s, "MARK %u.%06lu %s", secs, usec_rem, msg);

	return trace_handle_return(s);
}

static enum print_line_t mmio_print_line(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
	switch (iter->ent->type) {
	case TRACE_MMIO_RW:
		return mmio_print_rw(iter);
	case TRACE_MMIO_MAP:
		return mmio_print_map(iter);
	case TRACE_PRINT:
		return mmio_print_mark(iter);
	default:
		return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED; /* ignore unknown entries */
	}
}

static struct tracer mmio_tracer __read_mostly =
{
	.name		= "mmiotrace",
	.init		= mmio_trace_init,
	.reset		= mmio_trace_reset,
	.start		= mmio_trace_start,
	.pipe_open	= mmio_pipe_open,
	.close		= mmio_close,
	.read		= mmio_read,
	.print_line	= mmio_print_line,
	.noboot		= true,
};

__init static int init_mmio_trace(void)
{
	return register_tracer(&mmio_tracer);
}
device_initcall(init_mmio_trace);

static void __trace_mmiotrace_rw(struct trace_array *tr,
				struct trace_array_cpu *data,
				struct mmiotrace_rw *rw)
{
	struct trace_event_call *call = &event_mmiotrace_rw;
	struct ring_buffer *buffer = tr->trace_buffer.buffer;
	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
	struct trace_mmiotrace_rw *entry;
	int pc = preempt_count();

	event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_MMIO_RW,
					  sizeof(*entry), 0, pc);
	if (!event) {
		atomic_inc(&dropped_count);
		return;
	}
	entry	= ring_buffer_event_data(event);
	entry->rw			= *rw;

	if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event))
		trace_buffer_unlock_commit(tr, buffer, event, 0, pc);
}

void mmio_trace_rw(struct mmiotrace_rw *rw)
{
	struct trace_array *tr = mmio_trace_array;
	struct trace_array_cpu *data = per_cpu_ptr(tr->trace_buffer.data, smp_processor_id());
	__trace_mmiotrace_rw(tr, data, rw);
}

static void __trace_mmiotrace_map(struct trace_array *tr,
				struct trace_array_cpu *data,
				struct mmiotrace_map *map)
{
	struct trace_event_call *call = &event_mmiotrace_map;
	struct ring_buffer *buffer = tr->trace_buffer.buffer;
	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
	struct trace_mmiotrace_map *entry;
	int pc = preempt_count();

	event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_MMIO_MAP,
					  sizeof(*entry), 0, pc);
	if (!event) {
		atomic_inc(&dropped_count);
		return;
	}
	entry	= ring_buffer_event_data(event);
	entry->map			= *map;

	if (!call_filter_check_discard(call, entry, buffer, event))
		trace_buffer_unlock_commit(tr, buffer, event, 0, pc);
}

void mmio_trace_mapping(struct mmiotrace_map *map)
{
	struct trace_array *tr = mmio_trace_array;
	struct trace_array_cpu *data;

	preempt_disable();
	data = per_cpu_ptr(tr->trace_buffer.data, smp_processor_id());
	__trace_mmiotrace_map(tr, data, map);
	preempt_enable();
}

int mmio_trace_printk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
	return trace_vprintk(0, fmt, args);
}