Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 4869563080e9e080954d26f34b70bbffc13de18b (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
/*
 * The "user cache".
 *
 * (C) Copyright 1991-2000 Linus Torvalds
 *
 * We have a per-user structure to keep track of how many
 * processes, files etc the user has claimed, in order to be
 * able to have per-user limits for system resources. 
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>

/*
 * UID task count cache, to get fast user lookup in "alloc_uid"
 * when changing user ID's (ie setuid() and friends).
 */

#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
#define UIDHASH_SZ		(1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
#define UIDHASH_MASK		(UIDHASH_SZ - 1)
#define __uidhashfn(uid)	(((uid >> UIDHASH_BITS) + uid) & UIDHASH_MASK)
#define uidhashentry(uid)	(uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))

static struct kmem_cache *uid_cachep;
static struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];

/*
 * The uidhash_lock is mostly taken from process context, but it is
 * occasionally also taken from softirq/tasklet context, when
 * task-structs get RCU-freed. Hence all locking must be softirq-safe.
 * But free_uid() is also called with local interrupts disabled, and running
 * local_bh_enable() with local interrupts disabled is an error - we'll run
 * softirq callbacks, and they can unconditionally enable interrupts, and
 * the caller of free_uid() didn't expect that..
 */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);

struct user_struct root_user = {
	.__count	= ATOMIC_INIT(1),
	.processes	= ATOMIC_INIT(1),
	.files		= ATOMIC_INIT(0),
	.sigpending	= ATOMIC_INIT(0),
	.mq_bytes	= 0,
	.locked_shm     = 0,
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
	.uid_keyring	= &root_user_keyring,
	.session_keyring = &root_session_keyring,
#endif
};

/*
 * These routines must be called with the uidhash spinlock held!
 */
static inline void uid_hash_insert(struct user_struct *up, struct list_head *hashent)
{
	list_add(&up->uidhash_list, hashent);
}

static inline void uid_hash_remove(struct user_struct *up)
{
	list_del(&up->uidhash_list);
}

static inline struct user_struct *uid_hash_find(uid_t uid, struct list_head *hashent)
{
	struct list_head *up;

	list_for_each(up, hashent) {
		struct user_struct *user;

		user = list_entry(up, struct user_struct, uidhash_list);

		if(user->uid == uid) {
			atomic_inc(&user->__count);
			return user;
		}
	}

	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Locate the user_struct for the passed UID.  If found, take a ref on it.  The
 * caller must undo that ref with free_uid().
 *
 * If the user_struct could not be found, return NULL.
 */
struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
{
	struct user_struct *ret;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
	ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(uid));
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
	return ret;
}

void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!up)
		return;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&up->__count, &uidhash_lock)) {
		uid_hash_remove(up);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
		key_put(up->uid_keyring);
		key_put(up->session_keyring);
		kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, up);
	} else {
		local_irq_restore(flags);
	}
}

struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t uid)
{
	struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(uid);
	struct user_struct *up;

	spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
	up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
	spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);

	if (!up) {
		struct user_struct *new;

		new = kmem_cache_alloc(uid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!new)
			return NULL;
		new->uid = uid;
		atomic_set(&new->__count, 1);
		atomic_set(&new->processes, 0);
		atomic_set(&new->files, 0);
		atomic_set(&new->sigpending, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER
		atomic_set(&new->inotify_watches, 0);
		atomic_set(&new->inotify_devs, 0);
#endif

		new->mq_bytes = 0;
		new->locked_shm = 0;

		if (alloc_uid_keyring(new, current) < 0) {
			kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
			return NULL;
		}

		/*
		 * Before adding this, check whether we raced
		 * on adding the same user already..
		 */
		spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
		up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
		if (up) {
			key_put(new->uid_keyring);
			key_put(new->session_keyring);
			kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
		} else {
			uid_hash_insert(new, hashent);
			up = new;
		}
		spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);

	}
	return up;
}

void switch_uid(struct user_struct *new_user)
{
	struct user_struct *old_user;

	/* What if a process setreuid()'s and this brings the
	 * new uid over his NPROC rlimit?  We can check this now
	 * cheaply with the new uid cache, so if it matters
	 * we should be checking for it.  -DaveM
	 */
	old_user = current->user;
	atomic_inc(&new_user->processes);
	atomic_dec(&old_user->processes);
	switch_uid_keyring(new_user);
	current->user = new_user;

	/*
	 * We need to synchronize with __sigqueue_alloc()
	 * doing a get_uid(p->user).. If that saw the old
	 * user value, we need to wait until it has exited
	 * its critical region before we can free the old
	 * structure.
	 */
	smp_mb();
	spin_unlock_wait(&current->sighand->siglock);

	free_uid(old_user);
	suid_keys(current);
}


static int __init uid_cache_init(void)
{
	int n;

	uid_cachep = kmem_cache_create("uid_cache", sizeof(struct user_struct),
			0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);

	for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
		INIT_LIST_HEAD(uidhash_table + n);

	/* Insert the root user immediately (init already runs as root) */
	spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
	uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(0));
	spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);

	return 0;
}

module_init(uid_cache_init);