Home Home > GIT Browse
summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
blob: 2647c898990c80491b512944a890d47c90f23aca (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
/*
 * memfd_create system call and file sealing support
 *
 * Code was originally included in shmem.c, and broken out to facilitate
 * use by hugetlbfs as well as tmpfs.
 *
 * This file is released under the GPL.
 */

#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/vfs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/khugepaged.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
#include <linux/memfd.h>
#include <uapi/linux/memfd.h>

/*
 * We need a tag: a new tag would expand every xa_node by 8 bytes,
 * so reuse a tag which we firmly believe is never set or cleared on tmpfs
 * or hugetlbfs because they are memory only filesystems.
 */
#define MEMFD_TAG_PINNED        PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE
#define LAST_SCAN               4       /* about 150ms max */

static void memfd_tag_pins(struct xa_state *xas)
{
	struct page *page;
	unsigned int tagged = 0;

	lru_add_drain();

	xas_lock_irq(xas);
	xas_for_each(xas, page, ULONG_MAX) {
		if (xa_is_value(page))
			continue;
		page = find_subpage(page, xas->xa_index);
		if (page_count(page) - page_mapcount(page) > 1)
			xas_set_mark(xas, MEMFD_TAG_PINNED);

		if (++tagged % XA_CHECK_SCHED)
			continue;

		xas_pause(xas);
		xas_unlock_irq(xas);
		cond_resched();
		xas_lock_irq(xas);
	}
	xas_unlock_irq(xas);
}

/*
 * Setting SEAL_WRITE requires us to verify there's no pending writer. However,
 * via get_user_pages(), drivers might have some pending I/O without any active
 * user-space mappings (eg., direct-IO, AIO). Therefore, we look at all pages
 * and see whether it has an elevated ref-count. If so, we tag them and wait for
 * them to be dropped.
 * The caller must guarantee that no new user will acquire writable references
 * to those pages to avoid races.
 */
static int memfd_wait_for_pins(struct address_space *mapping)
{
	XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, 0);
	struct page *page;
	int error, scan;

	memfd_tag_pins(&xas);

	error = 0;
	for (scan = 0; scan <= LAST_SCAN; scan++) {
		unsigned int tagged = 0;

		if (!xas_marked(&xas, MEMFD_TAG_PINNED))
			break;

		if (!scan)
			lru_add_drain_all();
		else if (schedule_timeout_killable((HZ << scan) / 200))
			scan = LAST_SCAN;

		xas_set(&xas, 0);
		xas_lock_irq(&xas);
		xas_for_each_marked(&xas, page, ULONG_MAX, MEMFD_TAG_PINNED) {
			bool clear = true;
			if (xa_is_value(page))
				continue;
			page = find_subpage(page, xas.xa_index);
			if (page_count(page) - page_mapcount(page) != 1) {
				/*
				 * On the last scan, we clean up all those tags
				 * we inserted; but make a note that we still
				 * found pages pinned.
				 */
				if (scan == LAST_SCAN)
					error = -EBUSY;
				else
					clear = false;
			}
			if (clear)
				xas_clear_mark(&xas, MEMFD_TAG_PINNED);
			if (++tagged % XA_CHECK_SCHED)
				continue;

			xas_pause(&xas);
			xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
			cond_resched();
			xas_lock_irq(&xas);
		}
		xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
	}

	return error;
}

static unsigned int *memfd_file_seals_ptr(struct file *file)
{
	if (shmem_file(file))
		return &SHMEM_I(file_inode(file))->seals;

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
	if (is_file_hugepages(file))
		return &HUGETLBFS_I(file_inode(file))->seals;
#endif

	return NULL;
}

#define F_ALL_SEALS (F_SEAL_SEAL | \
		     F_SEAL_SHRINK | \
		     F_SEAL_GROW | \
		     F_SEAL_WRITE | \
		     F_SEAL_FUTURE_WRITE)

static int memfd_add_seals(struct file *file, unsigned int seals)
{
	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
	unsigned int *file_seals;
	int error;

	/*
	 * SEALING
	 * Sealing allows multiple parties to share a tmpfs or hugetlbfs file
	 * but restrict access to a specific subset of file operations. Seals
	 * can only be added, but never removed. This way, mutually untrusted
	 * parties can share common memory regions with a well-defined policy.
	 * A malicious peer can thus never perform unwanted operations on a
	 * shared object.
	 *
	 * Seals are only supported on special tmpfs or hugetlbfs files and
	 * always affect the whole underlying inode. Once a seal is set, it
	 * may prevent some kinds of access to the file. Currently, the
	 * following seals are defined:
	 *   SEAL_SEAL: Prevent further seals from being set on this file
	 *   SEAL_SHRINK: Prevent the file from shrinking
	 *   SEAL_GROW: Prevent the file from growing
	 *   SEAL_WRITE: Prevent write access to the file
	 *
	 * As we don't require any trust relationship between two parties, we
	 * must prevent seals from being removed. Therefore, sealing a file
	 * only adds a given set of seals to the file, it never touches
	 * existing seals. Furthermore, the "setting seals"-operation can be
	 * sealed itself, which basically prevents any further seal from being
	 * added.
	 *
	 * Semantics of sealing are only defined on volatile files. Only
	 * anonymous tmpfs and hugetlbfs files support sealing. More
	 * importantly, seals are never written to disk. Therefore, there's
	 * no plan to support it on other file types.
	 */

	if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
		return -EPERM;
	if (seals & ~(unsigned int)F_ALL_SEALS)
		return -EINVAL;

	inode_lock(inode);

	file_seals = memfd_file_seals_ptr(file);
	if (!file_seals) {
		error = -EINVAL;
		goto unlock;
	}

	if (*file_seals & F_SEAL_SEAL) {
		error = -EPERM;
		goto unlock;
	}

	if ((seals & F_SEAL_WRITE) && !(*file_seals & F_SEAL_WRITE)) {
		error = mapping_deny_writable(file->f_mapping);
		if (error)
			goto unlock;

		error = memfd_wait_for_pins(file->f_mapping);
		if (error) {
			mapping_allow_writable(file->f_mapping);
			goto unlock;
		}
	}

	*file_seals |= seals;
	error = 0;

unlock:
	inode_unlock(inode);
	return error;
}

static int memfd_get_seals(struct file *file)
{
	unsigned int *seals = memfd_file_seals_ptr(file);

	return seals ? *seals : -EINVAL;
}

long memfd_fcntl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	long error;

	switch (cmd) {
	case F_ADD_SEALS:
		/* disallow upper 32bit */
		if (arg > UINT_MAX)
			return -EINVAL;

		error = memfd_add_seals(file, arg);
		break;
	case F_GET_SEALS:
		error = memfd_get_seals(file);
		break;
	default:
		error = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}

	return error;
}

#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX "memfd:"
#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof(MFD_NAME_PREFIX) - 1)
#define MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN (NAME_MAX - MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN)

#define MFD_ALL_FLAGS (MFD_CLOEXEC | MFD_ALLOW_SEALING | MFD_HUGETLB)

SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
		const char __user *, uname,
		unsigned int, flags)
{
	unsigned int *file_seals;
	struct file *file;
	int fd, error;
	char *name;
	long len;

	if (!(flags & MFD_HUGETLB)) {
		if (flags & ~(unsigned int)MFD_ALL_FLAGS)
			return -EINVAL;
	} else {
		/* Allow huge page size encoding in flags. */
		if (flags & ~(unsigned int)(MFD_ALL_FLAGS |
				(MFD_HUGE_MASK << MFD_HUGE_SHIFT)))
			return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* length includes terminating zero */
	len = strnlen_user(uname, MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1);
	if (len <= 0)
		return -EFAULT;
	if (len > MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	name = kmalloc(len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!name)
		return -ENOMEM;

	strcpy(name, MFD_NAME_PREFIX);
	if (copy_from_user(&name[MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN], uname, len)) {
		error = -EFAULT;
		goto err_name;
	}

	/* terminating-zero may have changed after strnlen_user() returned */
	if (name[len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN - 1]) {
		error = -EFAULT;
		goto err_name;
	}

	fd = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & MFD_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0);
	if (fd < 0) {
		error = fd;
		goto err_name;
	}

	if (flags & MFD_HUGETLB) {
		struct user_struct *user = NULL;

		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &user,
					HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
					(flags >> MFD_HUGE_SHIFT) &
					MFD_HUGE_MASK);
	} else
		file = shmem_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE);
	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
		error = PTR_ERR(file);
		goto err_fd;
	}
	file->f_mode |= FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE;
	file->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;

	if (flags & MFD_ALLOW_SEALING) {
		file_seals = memfd_file_seals_ptr(file);
		*file_seals &= ~F_SEAL_SEAL;
	}

	fd_install(fd, file);
	kfree(name);
	return fd;

err_fd:
	put_unused_fd(fd);
err_name:
	kfree(name);
	return error;
}