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/*
 *  inode.c - securityfs
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2005 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
 *
 *	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *	modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
 *	2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 *  Based on fs/debugfs/inode.c which had the following copyright notice:
 *    Copyright (C) 2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
 *    Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Inc.
 */

/* #define DEBUG */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>

static struct vfsmount *mount;
static int mount_count;

/*
 * TODO:
 *   I think I can get rid of these default_file_ops, but not quite sure...
 */
static ssize_t default_read_file(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
				 size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
	return 0;
}

static ssize_t default_write_file(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
				   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
	return count;
}

static int default_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	if (inode->i_private)
		file->private_data = inode->i_private;

	return 0;
}

static const struct file_operations default_file_ops = {
	.read =		default_read_file,
	.write =	default_write_file,
	.open =		default_open,
	.llseek =	noop_llseek,
};

static struct inode *get_inode(struct super_block *sb, int mode, dev_t dev)
{
	struct inode *inode = new_inode(sb);

	if (inode) {
		inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
		inode->i_mode = mode;
		inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
		switch (mode & S_IFMT) {
		default:
			init_special_inode(inode, mode, dev);
			break;
		case S_IFREG:
			inode->i_fop = &default_file_ops;
			break;
		case S_IFDIR:
			inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
			inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;

			/* directory inodes start off with i_nlink == 2 (for "." entry) */
			inc_nlink(inode);
			break;
		}
	}
	return inode;
}

/* SMP-safe */
static int mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
			 int mode, dev_t dev)
{
	struct inode *inode;
	int error = -ENOMEM;

	if (dentry->d_inode)
		return -EEXIST;

	inode = get_inode(dir->i_sb, mode, dev);
	if (inode) {
		d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
		dget(dentry);
		error = 0;
	}
	return error;
}

static int mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode)
{
	int res;

	mode = (mode & (S_IRWXUGO | S_ISVTX)) | S_IFDIR;
	res = mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0);
	if (!res)
		inc_nlink(dir);
	return res;
}

static int create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, int mode)
{
	mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
	return mknod(dir, dentry, mode, 0);
}

static inline int positive(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	return dentry->d_inode && !d_unhashed(dentry);
}

static int fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
	static struct tree_descr files[] = {{""}};

	return simple_fill_super(sb, SECURITYFS_MAGIC, files);
}

static struct dentry *get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
		  int flags, const char *dev_name,
		  void *data)
{
	return mount_single(fs_type, flags, data, fill_super);
}

static struct file_system_type fs_type = {
	.owner =	THIS_MODULE,
	.name =		"securityfs",
	.mount =	get_sb,
	.kill_sb =	kill_litter_super,
};

static int create_by_name(const char *name, mode_t mode,
			  struct dentry *parent,
			  struct dentry **dentry)
{
	int error = 0;

	*dentry = NULL;

	/* If the parent is not specified, we create it in the root.
	 * We need the root dentry to do this, which is in the super
	 * block. A pointer to that is in the struct vfsmount that we
	 * have around.
	 */
	if (!parent)
		parent = mount->mnt_sb->s_root;

	mutex_lock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
	*dentry = lookup_one_len(name, parent, strlen(name));
	if (!IS_ERR(*dentry)) {
		if ((mode & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
			error = mkdir(parent->d_inode, *dentry, mode);
		else
			error = create(parent->d_inode, *dentry, mode);
		if (error)
			dput(*dentry);
	} else
		error = PTR_ERR(*dentry);
	mutex_unlock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);

	return error;
}

/**
 * securityfs_create_file - create a file in the securityfs filesystem
 *
 * @name: a pointer to a string containing the name of the file to create.
 * @mode: the permission that the file should have
 * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
 *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is %NULL, then the
 *          file will be created in the root of the securityfs filesystem.
 * @data: a pointer to something that the caller will want to get to later
 *        on.  The inode.i_private pointer will point to this value on
 *        the open() call.
 * @fops: a pointer to a struct file_operations that should be used for
 *        this file.
 *
 * This is the basic "create a file" function for securityfs.  It allows for a
 * wide range of flexibility in creating a file, or a directory (if you
 * want to create a directory, the securityfs_create_dir() function is
 * recommended to be used instead).
 *
 * This function returns a pointer to a dentry if it succeeds.  This
 * pointer must be passed to the securityfs_remove() function when the file is
 * to be removed (no automatic cleanup happens if your module is unloaded,
 * you are responsible here).  If an error occurs, the function will return
 * the erorr value (via ERR_PTR).
 *
 * If securityfs is not enabled in the kernel, the value %-ENODEV is
 * returned.
 */
struct dentry *securityfs_create_file(const char *name, mode_t mode,
				   struct dentry *parent, void *data,
				   const struct file_operations *fops)
{
	struct dentry *dentry = NULL;
	int error;

	pr_debug("securityfs: creating file '%s'\n",name);

	error = simple_pin_fs(&fs_type, &mount, &mount_count);
	if (error) {
		dentry = ERR_PTR(error);
		goto exit;
	}

	error = create_by_name(name, mode, parent, &dentry);
	if (error) {
		dentry = ERR_PTR(error);
		simple_release_fs(&mount, &mount_count);
		goto exit;
	}

	if (dentry->d_inode) {
		if (fops)
			dentry->d_inode->i_fop = fops;
		if (data)
			dentry->d_inode->i_private = data;
	}
exit:
	return dentry;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(securityfs_create_file);

/**
 * securityfs_create_dir - create a directory in the securityfs filesystem
 *
 * @name: a pointer to a string containing the name of the directory to
 *        create.
 * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
 *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is %NULL, then the
 *          directory will be created in the root of the securityfs filesystem.
 *
 * This function creates a directory in securityfs with the given @name.
 *
 * This function returns a pointer to a dentry if it succeeds.  This
 * pointer must be passed to the securityfs_remove() function when the file is
 * to be removed (no automatic cleanup happens if your module is unloaded,
 * you are responsible here).  If an error occurs, %NULL will be returned.
 *
 * If securityfs is not enabled in the kernel, the value %-ENODEV is
 * returned.  It is not wise to check for this value, but rather, check for
 * %NULL or !%NULL instead as to eliminate the need for #ifdef in the calling
 * code.
 */
struct dentry *securityfs_create_dir(const char *name, struct dentry *parent)
{
	return securityfs_create_file(name,
				      S_IFDIR | S_IRWXU | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO,
				      parent, NULL, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(securityfs_create_dir);

/**
 * securityfs_remove - removes a file or directory from the securityfs filesystem
 *
 * @dentry: a pointer to a the dentry of the file or directory to be removed.
 *
 * This function removes a file or directory in securityfs that was previously
 * created with a call to another securityfs function (like
 * securityfs_create_file() or variants thereof.)
 *
 * This function is required to be called in order for the file to be
 * removed. No automatic cleanup of files will happen when a module is
 * removed; you are responsible here.
 */
void securityfs_remove(struct dentry *dentry)
{
	struct dentry *parent;

	if (!dentry || IS_ERR(dentry))
		return;

	parent = dentry->d_parent;
	if (!parent || !parent->d_inode)
		return;

	mutex_lock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
	if (positive(dentry)) {
		if (dentry->d_inode) {
			if (S_ISDIR(dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
				simple_rmdir(parent->d_inode, dentry);
			else
				simple_unlink(parent->d_inode, dentry);
			dput(dentry);
		}
	}
	mutex_unlock(&parent->d_inode->i_mutex);
	simple_release_fs(&mount, &mount_count);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(securityfs_remove);

static struct kobject *security_kobj;

static int __init securityfs_init(void)
{
	int retval;

	security_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("security", kernel_kobj);
	if (!security_kobj)
		return -EINVAL;

	retval = register_filesystem(&fs_type);
	if (retval)
		kobject_put(security_kobj);
	return retval;
}

core_initcall(securityfs_init);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");